Alexander’s Great Empire
Conquest of Greece
 Greece became a land of conflict & distrust following
  Peloponnesian War
    City states formed all...
 Alexander
    Son of Philip II
         Learned how to be a fearless warrior
    At 13 was taught by Aristotle
      ...
Building An Empire
 336 B.C. Alexander followed in his fathers footsteps
  after he died
   Wanted to rule not only Gree...
 Named each city after himself
    Alexandria, Egypt became center of Greek culture
 People throughout empire learned t...
The Breakup of the Empire
 Alexander still wanted more land
    Wanted to lead soldiers to India
    Soldiers refused t...
Alexander’s Legacy
 Empire did not last, but Hellenistic culture did
 Great thinkers shaped later cultures during Hellen...
Romans
 146 B.C.
    Romans had grown strong enough to gain control of the
     Mediterranean world
    Romans borrowed...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Chapter 7 Ancient Greece

884 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
884
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
7
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 7 Ancient Greece

  1. 1. Alexander’s Great Empire
  2. 2. Conquest of Greece  Greece became a land of conflict & distrust following Peloponnesian War  City states formed alliances  City states put their interests above the common good of Greece  Macedonia  Land north of Greece  King Philip II came to the throne  Brought his people together under one rule & wanted to do the same in Greece  Philip II had spent part of his life in Greece and learned the culture
  3. 3.  Alexander  Son of Philip II  Learned how to be a fearless warrior  At 13 was taught by Aristotle  Learned to appreciate the cultures of other people  Philip’s Macedonian soldiers  Well trained & fearless  Spartans could not even stop them  338 B.C. Philip controlled most of the Greek peninsula, including Athens  Did not conquer to destroy Greece (Philip did not want to make great changes to the lives of those he conquered)  City states became free to manage themselves  Did make a law that Greeks could not fight one another  Greece was at peace, united by an outsider
  4. 4. Building An Empire  336 B.C. Alexander followed in his fathers footsteps after he died  Wanted to rule not only Greece, but the whole world  Eastern Europe, northern Africa, & western Asia  Began by conquering the Persians  334 B.C. Alexander & 35,000 soldiers went from Greece to Asia Minor  Seized Greek colonies under the control of the Persians  Alexander the Great  Built new cities & helped spread Greek culture  Cities became centers of learning
  5. 5.  Named each city after himself  Alexandria, Egypt became center of Greek culture  People throughout empire learned to speak Greek & worshiped Greek gods  Time of Alexander’s rule became known as the Hellenistic Age  Alexander conquests made him a ruler of a multicultural empire  Adopted customs of conquered people & introduced Greek culture to them  331 B.C.  Empire stretched from Danube River in Europe to the Nile River in Africa & east to Asia  Alexander had conquered Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt, Mesopotamia, & Persian Empire (Without losing a single major battle)
  6. 6. The Breakup of the Empire  Alexander still wanted more land  Wanted to lead soldiers to India  Soldiers refused to follow  323 B.C.  Alexander became ill with a fever & died  Before his death Alexander told his soldiers that the rule of the empire should go to the strongest  No leader proved strong enough to replace Alexander & the empire quickly broke up after his death  Split into 3 parts: Macedonia, Syria, & Egypt  Often at war with each other & destroyed much of what Alexander created
  7. 7. Alexander’s Legacy  Empire did not last, but Hellenistic culture did  Great thinkers shaped later cultures during Hellenistic Age  Euclid: studied line & angles & began the study of geometry  Archimedes: used math to build useful machines  Aristarchus: used math to discover that the Earth and the other planets move around the sun  Scientists: built on the knowledge of medicine  Alexandria, Egypt became center for study of medicine & surgery
  8. 8. Romans  146 B.C.  Romans had grown strong enough to gain control of the Mediterranean world  Romans borrowed religion, the art, architecture, philosophy, & language from the Greeks to build their own civilization

×