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International health care

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International health care

  1. 1. Canada’s Health Care System Is It Really The Best ?
  2. 2. Content References <ul><li>Knickman, R., James, Kovner,R.,Anthony, Stevens, Jonas., Health Care Delivery In The United States, 9 th Edition </li></ul><ul><li>Kraker, D., The Canadian Cure. Online </li></ul><ul><li>( http:// wwwinmotionmagazine.com/hcare/canadahc.html ) </li></ul><ul><li>Mae, M., Pros and Cons of Canadian Healthcare </li></ul><ul><li>( http:// hubpages.com/hub/ProsandCons -of-Canadian-Healthcare ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pollard, S., Canadian Health Care, report commissioned by Civitas 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Rachlis, M, Opinion: Canadian Doctor Shares True Pros & Cons of Canadian Health Care Online: </li></ul><ul><li>( http://www.digitaljournal.com/article/280367 ) </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics Canada Population Estimates (April 1, 2008) </li></ul><ul><li>( http://www.statcan.ca/Daily/English/080625/d080625b.htm ) </li></ul><ul><li>Pola Vargas </li></ul>
  3. 3. Provinces and Territories
  4. 4. Development of Medicare <ul><li>Canada’s health care system is known as Medicare. Canada has always taken pride in providing quality health care even though their system is publicly funded and privately managed. According to Kraker (2002) the system is based on five founding principles: Care must be universal, portable, comprehensive, accessible and publicly administered. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, Canada’s provinces are charged with the planning, financing, evaluating the condition of hospital care and negotiating salaries and fees of health professionals and physicians. Kraker also indicates that each provincial insurance plan differs slightly regarding how far each province extends public insurance coverage beyond medically necessary hospital and physician services. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Provinces and Territories Population <ul><li>Provinces </li></ul><ul><li>Ontario-12,891,787 </li></ul><ul><li>Quebec-7,744530 </li></ul><ul><li>Nova Scotia-935,962 </li></ul><ul><li>New Brunswick-751,527 </li></ul><ul><li>Mantoba-1,196,291 </li></ul><ul><li>British Columbia-4,428356 </li></ul><ul><li>Prince Edward Island-139,407 </li></ul><ul><li>Saskatchewan-1,010,146 </li></ul><ul><li>Alberta-3,512, 368 </li></ul><ul><li>Newfoundland and Labrador-508,270 </li></ul><ul><li>Territories </li></ul><ul><li>Northwest Territories-42,514 </li></ul><ul><li>Yukon-31,530 </li></ul><ul><li>Nunavut-31,152 </li></ul>
  6. 6. Fiscal Federalism <ul><li>Canada’s extended history of universal health care began in 1944 by Saskatchewan one of the first provinces to introduce universal hospital insurance. By 1958 the government had agreed to assist with the plan by offering 50-50 cost sharing with the provinces. The physicians who were not in agreement with the plan staged a strike in 1962. Saskachewan launched a widely universal medical coverage plan, the government once again followed suit in 1965 offering an additional 50-50 cost sharing. But the cost sharing agreement had stipulations by the government, the stipulations were the provinces had to meet four decisive factors: comprehensiveness, portability, public administration and universality. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Fiscal Federalism con’t <ul><li>In 1968 this policy was implemented which allowed the government full control over the provinces to withhold funds if the principles were not met. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1971, all Canadians were guaranteed access to essential medical services, regardless of employment, income, or health (Kraker, 2002). </li></ul>
  8. 8. Quality Health Services
  9. 9. Quality Health Services
  10. 10. Progress and Challenges in Health Care

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