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Economic development


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Economic development

  1. 1. YOUTH IN ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTMultivarious Definition of Youth Youth is the time of life between childhood and adulthood. "Youth... those persons between the ages of 15 and 24 years." - United Nations General AssemblyThe Dimension and perceptions of economy: An economy consists of the economic system of a country or other area, the labor, capital and land resources, and the economic agents that socially participate in the production, exchange, distribution, and consumption of goods and services of that area.The Industrial Revolution was a period from the 18th to the 19th century where major changes in agriculture, manufacturing, mining, and transport had a profound effect onthe socioeconomic and cultural conditions.The economy includes several sectors:The industrial revolution lessened the role of subsistence farming, convertingit to more extensive and mono-cultural forms of agriculture in the last threecenturies. The economic growth took place mostly in mining, construction andmanufacturing industries. In the economies of modern consumer societies there is a growing part playedby services, finance, and technology.
  2. 2. Four main sectors of modern economic activity:Primary sector of the raw materials , such as corn, coal, wood and ironSecondary sector of the manufacturing steel into cars, or textiles into clothingTertiary sector of the services to consumers and businesses,  cinema and bankingQuaternary sector of the research, development products from natural resource,Seven Developmental Needs of Young.PHYSICAL ACTIVITY COMPETENCE AND ACHIEVEMENT SELF-DEFINITION CREATIVE EXPRESSION POSITIVE SOCIAL INTERACTIONS WITH PEERS AND ADULTS STRUCTURE AND CLEAR LIMITS MEANINGFUL PARTICIPATION
  3. 3. Providing our nations youth access to five fundamental resources:A caring adult, role model, or mentor;Safe places to learn and grow during non-school hours;A healthy start;A marketable skill through effective education; andAn opportunity for young people to "give back" through community serviceScope for the realization the schemes: (A)All India Organizations (AIOs) : 1 Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (Head Quarter) for Nehru Yuva Kendra’s.2 National Service Scheme (Programme Adviser Cell) for NSS Units.3 Bharat Scouts & Guides (Head Quarter) for their own Units.4 Universities including deemed Universities5 Association of Indian Universities and Institutes.6 Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Indian Mountaineering Foundation, Jawaharlal Institute ofMountaineering and Winter Sports and other adventure institutes recognized by the Ministry.
  4. 4. (B) State Level Organizations (SLOs) i.e.I. State Governments, State Departments/Directorates for Youth Affairs/Youth Welfareand other District Level Officers in States.ii. Panchayati Raj Institutions and Urban Local Bodies.iii. Educational Institutions including Polytechnics and University.iv. Non-government Organisations (NGOs) and Voluntary Agencies registered under theSocieties Registration Act 1860 (or other appropriate state law)Nehru Yuva KeNdra . Nehru Yuva Kendra Scheme was started in 1972 by thethen Ministry of Education with the objective of providing the non – student rural youthan opportunity to help him grow and involve in the nation-building-activities.In 1987, all the existing kendras under the NYK scheme were re-organized into anautonomous body that was formed by a resolution of Department of Youth Affairs. As aresult of this endeavor, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan(NYKS) was formed. It has sincegrown to have kendras in 501 districts of India with a network of about a quarter (0.25)million youth clubs in as many villages.
  5. 5. Youth in the Global Economy:  Poverty and hunger Education Employment GlobalizationSustainable development of agricultural in rural areas all over the world: Employments are created in rural areas and reduce exodus of young people.Young people set up projects of diversified and organic production,promoting Food Sovereignty .Young farmers deny the use of GMOs .Groups of solidarity production, services and trade are created.Best practices are spread among MIJARC members Activities .Activities at national level in agriculture development Creation of local markets. Creation of local self-help groups. Promotion for the consumption of local products . Implementation of productive projects in agriculture,agroindustry and handicraft. Cultural and entertainment events for young people in rural areas.. Seed banks and cereal banks
  6. 6. Job-oriented skills among rural youth (BPL) Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana: The project is designed to equip unemployedrural youths of BPL households with marketable skills, which would enable them to either secure placement in the industry or pursue sustainable self-employment opportunities through micro enterprise.The World Bank also provided funding for agribusiness development, even though its officials have been recently less sanguine about both the advantages of agribusinessfor small farmers and its effects on economic growth. Goverment should develop the small farmers in agribusiness areas.Goverment shouldset up a rural agribusiness policy for the farmer to start a small industry according to availability of local raw materials.THE CURRENT SITUATION OF RURAL YOUTH: education and training is often of poor qua and is irrelevant and inappropriate for the needs of rural youth and of the labour market. Rural youth will often look to urban areas for employment and move to cities. But without training in skills suitedto the urban labour market, these youth have few opportunities inurban areas. Often, poverty and alienation may lead youth to drugs, crime and makethem subject to exploitation.
  7. 7. Villagers group or individuals Bank will get there inst. youth group And rest of the amount itInvolved in making products will return in account Loan for setup a Industry on Banks & industry the basis of financial raw material groups Assignment money Revenue Supply products from industry,scho Money ol,millitry,etc should be used in . Panchayat level Four steps for youth in economy (my own concept)
  8. 8. Conclusion :A significant portion of the world’s total youth population lives in India, which has 540 millionpeople under the age of 25 and nearly 200 million between 15-25 years of age. In recent years (primarily after the liberalization of economy around 1991) the growth story of India has beencolored with the shade of a near-fantasy tale. Have you heard the buzzwords with regard to India ‘burgeoning young middle-class population’, ‘booming IT sector’, or ‘vast pool of Englishspeaking, science-educated skilled labor force’ around your morning breakfast, launch recess, evening tea, and weekend party.Powering Nation Strategies:Self-Actulisation: morality, creativity. spontaneity, acceptance. experience purpose.meaning and inner potential.Self-Esteem :confidence, achievement, respect of others, the need to be a uniqueindividual. love and belonging. friendship, family, intimacy, sense of connection.Safety and Security:health, employment, property, family and social stability.Physiological Needs  : breathing, food, water, shelter, clothing, sleep.