Employee Motivation

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The presentation begins with the concept of motivation from Hindu mythology & extends to classical as well as contemporary theories of motivation substantiated with examples from real life

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Employee Motivation

  1. 1. Here comes your footer  Page INDIAN Employee AMERICAN Employee THE BOSS
  2. 2. EMPLOYEE MOTIVATION Indian vs. Western Conceptualization..
  3. 3. Contents of Presentation- <ul><li>What is Motivation? </li></ul><ul><li>Do cultural differences matter? </li></ul><ul><li>From Vedanta to Vartmaan </li></ul><ul><li>Theories of Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemporary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there any best way to motivate? </li></ul>
  4. 4. MOTIVATION <ul><li>Motivation is a process that accounts for Individual’s </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensity of effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Direction of effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Persistence of effort </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>towards attaining a goal……. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Do cultural differences matter? <ul><li>Italy- what exactly do you mean ? </li></ul>Greece- That’s just perfect !! Egypt- Be patient…
  6. 6. MOTIVATION IN VEDANTA <ul><li>Right action, performed in an excellent manner will manifest the best of qualities in us. It will uplift the doer and produce maximum happiness to greatest number of people. </li></ul>
  7. 7. THE SPIRITUAL DIMENSION <ul><ul><ul><li>MOKSHA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self Actualization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DHARMA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Towards human beings & organization </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. MOTIVATION = INSPIRATION <ul><li>What inspires an employee ( shishya )? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vishwas (trust) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shradha (respect) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Workers see their managers ( acharya ) as person above average with qualities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Charitra (character) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Satyata (honesty) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. EARLY WESTERN STYLE <ul><li>“ You can make a donkey move by offering carrot or stick” </li></ul><ul><li>Motivation techniques : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kick him in the back (KHIB) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Psychological punishment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fringe benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Human relations </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Contents of Presentation- <ul><li>What is Motivation? </li></ul><ul><li>Do cultural differences matter? </li></ul><ul><li>From Vedanta to Vartmaan </li></ul><ul><li>Theories of Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemporary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there any best way to motivate? </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Everything begins with needs… Why would Motivation Theories differ……Agree? </li></ul>
  12. 12. HIERARCHY OF NEEDS THEORY
  13. 13. <ul><li>Two sides of the coin!!!!! </li></ul>
  14. 14. THEORY X & THEORY Y <ul><li>Theory X </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assumes workers have little ambition, dislike work and avoid responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assumed that lower order needs dominate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Theory Y </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assumes workers can exercise self-direction, accept and consider work to be a natural activity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>assumed that higher order needs dominate </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. What would you prefer- a pat on the back or a lavish office?
  16. 16. TWO FACTOR THEORY <ul><li>Hygiene Factors </li></ul><ul><li>Motivators </li></ul>
  17. 17. INDIAN VS WESTERN <ul><ul><li>Study conducted across west & east </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not much difference found </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both rated motivators higher than hygiene </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>All three are/ were motivated. </li></ul><ul><li>But what motivated them? </li></ul>
  19. 19. McCLELLAND’s THEORY OF NEEDS <ul><li>Need for ACHEIVEMENT </li></ul><ul><li>Need for POWER </li></ul><ul><li>Need for AFFILIATION </li></ul>
  20. 20. INDIAN VS WESTERN <ul><li>Individualistic culture as US (score-91) displays high nACH </li></ul><ul><li>Collective culture like India (score-48) displays high nAFF </li></ul><ul><li>The trends are under transformation due to increasing global exposure of India </li></ul>
  21. 21. Contents of Presentation- <ul><li>What is Motivation? </li></ul><ul><li>Do cultural differences matter? </li></ul><ul><li>From Vedanta to Vartmaan </li></ul><ul><li>Theories of Motivation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contemporary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there any best way to motivate? </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>A gardener working in a public park as a hobby; If I start paying him for it, will his productivity increase or decrease? </li></ul>
  23. 23. COGINITIVE EVALUATION THEORY <ul><li>Extrinsic reward for internally rewarding act decreases the motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Criticism- What about verbal praise (Extrinsic Reward) </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>When will Cristiano Ronaldo be more motivated- </li></ul><ul><li>A tense penalty shootout or practice sessions? </li></ul>
  25. 25. GOAL SETTING THEORY <ul><li>Specific goals increase performance </li></ul><ul><li>Involvement in goal setting helps </li></ul><ul><li>Nothing motivates like self generated feedback!! </li></ul><ul><li>Make it public- Goal Commitment.. </li></ul>
  26. 26. INDIAN VS WESTERN <ul><li>Power distance score of US (40) & India (77) </li></ul><ul><li>Due to greater power distance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Involvement in goal setting not that effective </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Work profile rigidly followed </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. <ul><li>Congratulations!!!! </li></ul><ul><li>You are hired by McKinsey for a Pay Package of 14 Lakhs!!! </li></ul>Next year your Junior from IIM-S is hired for 20 Lakhs! If you realize that the Junior is a genius!! How do you feel now ????????? After all, there ought to be a difference yaar!!
  28. 28. EQUITY THEORY <ul><li>What I put in it, is what I Get! ( Perceived Fairness ) </li></ul><ul><li>Justice- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I got what I deserve ( Distributive ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I got a good explanation for what I got ( Procedural ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I was told of this in a very polite manner ( Interactional ) </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. INDIAN VS WESTERN <ul><ul><li>Employees in Asia often readily accept inequitable treatment in order to preserve group harmony </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to cultural conditioning women may not feel they are treated inequitably </li></ul></ul>
  30. 30. <ul><li>What is that ‘extra’ thing for which Tendulkar exerts that ‘extra’ effort to hit a six than a single? </li></ul>
  31. 31. EXPECTANCY THEORY <ul><li>Individual acts in a certain way based on </li></ul><ul><ul><li>what outcome is the act followed by? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>what is the attractiveness of the outcome for him/her? </li></ul></ul>
  32. 32. WAYS TO MOTIVATE <ul><li>Variety, identity & significance of task in a job! (JCM) </li></ul><ul><li>Job rotation, enlargement & enrichment (Job Redesign) </li></ul><ul><li>Flextime, Job Sharing, Telecommuting </li></ul><ul><li>Employee Involvement- Participative management </li></ul><ul><li>Performance pay, Bonuses, Skill based pay, Profit Sharing Plans, ESOPs, Employee Recognition </li></ul>

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