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sr834
I.S.B.T.L I B R A RY S T U DY
1
SUMIT RANJAN
BATCH 2012
AR/12/834
sr834
INTRODUCTION
2
Transportation is an integral part of the functioning of the society.The transport system improves th...
sr834
AS URBAN NODES
3
Bus terminals are predominantly used for inter-city and
intra-city movement because of the higher a...
sr834
HIERARCHY OF BUS TERMINALS
4
Hierarchy of BusTerminals –
•Road based bus stop
•Road side bus bay
•Bus stop distribut...
sr834
5
In general, the four basic planning criteria for planning of
terminals are –
1.Need
NEED of the terminal arises wi...
sr834
BUS TERMINALS MAIN REQUIREMENTS
6
 Public lockers and telephones
 Dispatch office
 Offices
 Rental space
 Waiti...
sr834
TYPE OF VEHICULAR MOVEMENT AROUND APPROACHING
PARKING BAYS
7
TYPE 1
SHUNTING
sr834
8
TYPE 2
DRIVE THROUGH BAYS
sr834
9
TYPE 2
SAW TOOTH BAYS
sr834
10
As the angle of pitch in saw-tooth bays increases so does
the distance between each bay
Passenger safety and cont...
sr834
11
Flow
diagram
Showing
parts and
their
relationship
to one
another
VEHICLE MOVEMENT
sr834
BUS DIMENSIONS
12
sr834
13
sr834
BUS TURNING REDIUS
14
14
sr834
PLATFORM
TYPES
sr834
16
PLATFORMTYPES
sr834
THANK YOU 17
sumit ranjan
architecture student
college of architecture,
bhaddal
email-ar.sumitranjan@gmail.com
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BUS TERMINAL LIBRARY STUDY

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LIBRARY STUDY, 8TH SEM, COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE, BHADDAL,
concourse, hierarchy of bus terminals, i.s.b.t. design, introduction, layout, planning criteria, sizes, space requirements, types of vehicular movement

Published in: Design
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BUS TERMINAL LIBRARY STUDY

  1. 1. sr834 I.S.B.T.L I B R A RY S T U DY 1 SUMIT RANJAN BATCH 2012 AR/12/834
  2. 2. sr834 INTRODUCTION 2 Transportation is an integral part of the functioning of the society.The transport system improves the social, economic, industrial, commercial progress and transfers the society into an organized one. It is one of the most essential services, vital force for determining the direction of development.To achieve the desired transportation balance and the system to be efficient, it is essential to provide organized facilities in the system, one such facility is a BusTerminal. As transportation involves the movement of the people and goods, there is a need of an “access point” in transport system to use it.These access points are known as “Terminals” or the fixed facilities.Terminals are one of the main components of any mode of transportation.
  3. 3. sr834 AS URBAN NODES 3 Bus terminals are predominantly used for inter-city and intra-city movement because of the higher accessibility of bus terminals. Terminals serve as a point of – •Concentration •Dispersion •Loading/unloading of the passengers •Interchange of mode •Storage of passengers and vehicles •Maintenance of vehicles •Facilities and amenities for the users and crew •Documentation of movement •Information system •Integration of various systems of transportation
  4. 4. sr834 HIERARCHY OF BUS TERMINALS 4 Hierarchy of BusTerminals – •Road based bus stop •Road side bus bay •Bus stop distributed •Sub-nodal terminal •Nodal bus terminal •Inter-city bus terminal and inter-state bus terminal(ISBT)
  5. 5. sr834 5 In general, the four basic planning criteria for planning of terminals are – 1.Need NEED of the terminal arises with increase in the demand.An organized bus terminal should meet the following requirements- •Accessibility •Comfort and convenience •Safety •Easy processing 2.Size The following factors are considered to characterize the size of the terminal and its functions- •Flow of traffic •System characteristics •User characteristics 3.Location The selection of the location should satisfy the following criteria- •It should form a component in the hierarchy of transport systems •It should be a component in the hierarchical system of transportation terminals •The concentration and dispersal costs should be minimum •It should be located such that as point of coordination and integration between inter-city and intra-city transport 4.Design Following points should be kept in mind for efficient workability of terminal- 1.Segregation of bus and non-bus traffic 2.Segregation of pedestrian and vehicular movement 3.Elimination of vehicular traffic conflict 4.Segregation of pedestrian flows 5.Minimum processing for the buses 6.Segregation of transportation and no-transportation activities PLANNING CRITERIA
  6. 6. sr834 BUS TERMINALS MAIN REQUIREMENTS 6  Public lockers and telephones  Dispatch office  Offices  Rental space  Waiting room  Buffet  Public toilets  Kiosks  Enquiry and booking  Left luggage  Lost property  Facilities for staff  Facilities for vehicle maintenance  Drivers rest rooms  Filling station  Security check post  Car/auto parking  Accommodation/DORMATORY
  7. 7. sr834 TYPE OF VEHICULAR MOVEMENT AROUND APPROACHING PARKING BAYS 7 TYPE 1 SHUNTING
  8. 8. sr834 8 TYPE 2 DRIVE THROUGH BAYS
  9. 9. sr834 9 TYPE 2 SAW TOOTH BAYS
  10. 10. sr834 10 As the angle of pitch in saw-tooth bays increases so does the distance between each bay Passenger safety and control are particularly important when detailing saw-tooth bays
  11. 11. sr834 11 Flow diagram Showing parts and their relationship to one another VEHICLE MOVEMENT
  12. 12. sr834 BUS DIMENSIONS 12
  13. 13. sr834 13
  14. 14. sr834 BUS TURNING REDIUS 14 14
  15. 15. sr834 PLATFORM TYPES
  16. 16. sr834 16 PLATFORMTYPES
  17. 17. sr834 THANK YOU 17 sumit ranjan architecture student college of architecture, bhaddal email-ar.sumitranjan@gmail.com

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