Chapter 3 motivation concepts

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Chapter 3 motivation concepts

  1. 1.  The different needs do not Existence Needs exist in a rigid hierarchy. It Relatedness Needs is not necessary for the Growth Needs lower level needs to be completely satisfied for the higher level needs to appear  An individual may focus on all the three needs simultaneously
  2. 2.  People are lazy &  Are willing to work hard when irresponsible the right conditions exist i.e., work is as good as play Dislike work need and  Have a psychological need to direction & work & seek achievement & Will work hard only when responsibility  Can be motivated to work hard by they are pushed or providing them with interesting & threatened with punishment challenging jobs, encouraging greater participation & developing good relations.THEORY X THEORY Y
  3. 3.  Authority & responsibility  Company policy & Advancement opportunities administration  Supervision Recognition & appreciation  Salary Work itself  Interpersonal relations Achievement  Working conditions CRITICISM  Methodological  Methodology  Overall satisfaction not measured  Assumptions not testedMOTIVATORS HYGIENE
  4. 4.  Need for achievement (nAch)  Moderate risks Need for power (nPow)  Feedback Need for affiliation (nAff)  Personal responsibility  Entrepreneurial  Matches their ability LIMITATIONS  Internal locus of control Difficulty in measuring needs Time consuming & expensive Not practicalNeeds & limitations characteristics
  5. 5.  Cognitive Evaluation Theory Goal Setting Theory Self – Efficacy Theory Reinforcement Theory Equity Theory Expectancy Theory The relationship between the different theories of motivation & global implications

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