Unit 14 Photography For Non Photographers


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Unit 14 Photography For Non Photographers

  1. 1. Unit 14: Photography for Non-Photographers <ul><li>What is a good picture? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Clean of dust and debris </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>An attention-getter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A storyteller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Well-compossed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sharp focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exposed correctly </li></ul></ul>
  2. 2. Communicate with Photographers <ul><li>Photographers aren’t the only people responsible for good yearbook photographs. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures, copy and layout must work together to tell the story well. </li></ul><ul><li>Photographers need to know what you want. </li></ul><ul><li>Be flexible…what you want may be impossible for the photographer to shoot. </li></ul><ul><li>Establish a good rapport and compromise with your photographer if the two of you are to communicate freely. </li></ul><ul><li>Know each other’s role and expectations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Candid vs. posed photography <ul><li>Candid pictures are taken without plans. Good candids are the result of hard work and a little luck. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Mugging <ul><li>Mugging is when a subject is purposely being foolish with the camera. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Design layouts first <ul><li>Sit down with the photographer and explain the assignment. </li></ul><ul><li>Refer to the layout. </li></ul><ul><li>State how you want each photograph taken. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal or vertical? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Close-up or wide-angle shot? </li></ul></ul>Be ready to alter your layouts for those unexpected shots that capture the excitement and emotion of the school year.
  6. 6. The mini-rough <ul><li>Give the photographer a copy of the layout drawn on a mini-rough layout sheet or copied off the yearbook skeleton. He can use the layout as a reference guide when taking the pictures. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide the following information: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Picture No. on the layout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A description and location of the photograph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Horizontal or vertical shot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whether the picture should be black-and-white or color (BW or C) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The date the print is needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The name of person to contact at the location </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Captions <ul><li>The photographer is responsible to get names and basic facts for picture captions. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct spelling of the subjects’ first and last names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their grades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The date the photograph was taken </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where the photograph was taken </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What they were doing in the photograph </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The film frame or number of pictures shot. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Photographic Composition <ul><li>Composition is the arrangement of elements in a photograph. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Center of interest </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Framing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leading lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Implied movement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rule of Thirds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contrast </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Center of Interest … a dominant element should pull the reader’s eye to a certain part of the photo .
  10. 10. Framing … elements in the foreground can surround the distant subject, creating a frame. This draws attention to the center of interest. Framing can also cause depth and disguise unwanted elements.
  11. 11. Leading lines… imaginary lines in the photo which help lead the eye to the center of interest.
  12. 12. Implied Movement… leaving space in front of the movement to allow the reader to see where the motion is going…consider the implied movement of the reader…eyes should look towards the center of the photo, not out of it…
  13. 13. Rule of thirds … A formula to keep from placing the center of interest in the middle of the photograph .
  14. 14. Contrast …background should not compete with the subjects…simple backgrounds or sharp contrast is preferred.
  15. 15. <ul><li>A camera is a lighttight box with an opening through which light passes, strikes film and makes an exposure. </li></ul>Exposure
  16. 16. Correct Exposure <ul><li>A three way relationship </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Film speed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sensitivity to light..a film with a high number is more sensitive to light than one with a low number. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>F-stop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>size of the lens opening (aperture) The larger the number, the smaller the aperture. Aperture controls the amount of light allowed to reach the shutter. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shutter speed (ISO number) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The shutter is a moving screen in the camera. It controls the length of time light is allowed to strike the film. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Flash photography <ul><li>Electronic flash referred to as a strobe. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to light subjects when there isn’t enough available light to properly expose film. </li></ul><ul><li>Most cameras come with an automatic flash. </li></ul>
  18. 18. On-camera operation <ul><li>When a strobe is attached to the camera and fired directly at a subject, the lighting on the subject can be harsh and flat. </li></ul><ul><li>Features are washed out and sharp shadows from the subject appear in the background. </li></ul><ul><li>Red-eye can occur. Strobe light enters the subject’s eye and reflects off the retina. In color photos the pupil will be red. In black and white the pupil will be black. </li></ul><ul><li>Tilted strobes allows a photographer to bounce the light off another surface before it strikes the subject. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better definition of subject’s features </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decreased chance of red-eye </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Softer shadows in the background. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. On-camera flash angled…
  20. 20. Spotting common photographic problems <ul><li>Blurry and out-of-focus pictures </li></ul><ul><li>Trash on prints </li></ul><ul><li>Faulty exposures </li></ul>
  21. 21. Blurry pictures <ul><li>Camera not steady during exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Subject moves too fast for the shutter to stop the action </li></ul><ul><li>Print is moved during exposure in the darkroom. </li></ul>Note: A little blur in a running figure is good to show motion, but make certain the subject’s face is clearly focused.
  22. 22. Out of focus <ul><li>Photographs for layouts should be sharp focus, never soft-focus shots. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Trash on print
  24. 24. Exposure
  25. 25. Photography & Printing <ul><li>Once you have picked your layout…check the contrast of each </li></ul><ul><li>The contrast of each photo to be printed in the yearbook should be consistent. </li></ul><ul><li>Varying degrees of contrast on the same layout can be distracting and lose visual balance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Submitting color photographs to be printed in BW is acceptable…avoid submitting color photos with red as a dominant color. Red tones are converted to blacks and dark grays. </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. Cropping