burn prevention india


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burn prevention india

  1. 1. • By – Dr sumer yadav- mch plastic surgeon Dr sumer yadav mch plasic surgeon s
  2. 2. BURN DR SUMER YADAV Dr sumer yadav sumeryadav2004@gmail.com Sumeryadav.com
  3. 3. Burns are a global, but solvable Health crisis • Primary prevention involves prevention of a condition before its onset. • Primary prevention helps avoid suffering, cost and burden associated with the disease. • It is typically the best and most cost effective type of health care.
  4. 4. Magnitude of Problem • India records 70 lakh burn injury cases annually • Of which 1.4 lakh people die every year. • Around 70% of all burn injuries occur in the most productive age group (15-35 yrs). • Around four out of five burnt cases are women and children. • As many as 80% of cases admitted are a result of accidents at kitchen-related accidents.
  5. 5. Burns treatment is very expensive and a life changing trauma • Majority of burns patients are from lower socio economic strata of society, hence it makes the treatment even more difficult. • The post burn life of burns survivor is never the same- socially, economically, mentally and physically. SO in such case BURNS PREVENTION IS THE ONLY WAY OUT TO REDUCE THE BURNS INCIDENCE IN INDIA.
  6. 6. The Risk factors • Factors • Human Factors • Agent or Vehicle • Physical Environment • Socio-cultural Environment
  7. 7. “Kerosine stove” agent
  8. 8. “Chulha”
  9. 9. Physical environment - Slums
  10. 10. Physical environment- Overcrowded Places
  11. 11. Physical environment- Overcrowded Places
  12. 12. Physical environment- Unsafe electrical wiring
  13. 13. Socioeconomic environment- Poverty
  14. 14. Problems in India • National Preventive programme for Burns !!! • Data !!! • Lack of funding.
  15. 15. BURNS PREVENTION PROGRAM • Knowledge – Based on years of experience – Based on research data • Team Building – Efficient and dedicated people – Doctors, medical social workers , Program Coordinators • Reaching out to community – Awareness programs, Distribution of awareness materials,use of MEDIA , education – Feed back to improve the program.
  16. 16. BURNS PREVENTION AT DIFFERENT LEVELS • Schools • Colleges • NGOs • Public places • Local Community • Industries • vehicle
  18. 18. Areas of Burns Prevention • Kitchen Burn Safety • Bathroom Burn Safety • Electrical Burn Safety • Chemical Burn safety • Firecracker burn safety • Vehicular Burn safety • Lightening burn safety • Infant Burn safety • Dos’ and Don'ts’ In case of Fire • Dos’ and Don'ts’ In case of Burn
  19. 19. Areas of Burns Prevention • STOP, DROP & ROLL for Clothing Fires • DON’T HIDE; GO OUTSIDE for structure fires • MATCHES & LIGHTERS ARE NOT TOYS • WHAT’S HOT; WHAT’S NOT to prevent scalds and contact burns • “stop, drop, roll – cool and call” • When the smoke alarm/alarm sounds, get out quickly and report the fire.
  20. 20. Areas of Burns Prevention • Keep safe around heat and hot liquids. • “Quick Check” Your Fire Extinguishers! • 72-HOUR EMERGENCY SUPPLIES FOR YOUR HOUSEHOLD • use candles with caution
  21. 21. Areas of Burns Prevention
  22. 22. Child Burn Prevention Tips • Keep hot foods away from table edges • Turn stovetop pan handles inward • Do not carry hot liquids while holding child • Never leave children unattended in bathtub • Limited mobility and thin skin increase risk and severity for the young and old • Keep young children away when cooking, or when drinking hot beverages • Test hot water temperature and establish thermostat setting at or below 120°F/48°C
  23. 23. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  24. 24. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  25. 25. Control temperature of hot water Temperature check of microwave heated fluids/food
  26. 26. No table cloths below hot liquids
  27. 27. No table cloths below hot liquids
  28. 28. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  29. 29. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  30. 30. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  31. 31. Child Burn Prevention Tips
  32. 32. Senior citizen burn prevention tips • Chances of death of burn above 65 years age are twice than other age group. • You Need Smoke Alarms: • Be Careful if you Smoke: • Make your Escape Plan before the Fire: • Be Careful in the Kitchen: • Safe Heaters and Lights • If you are ever in a fire, remember.. If it’s smoky, crawl low under the smoke so that you don’t breath the smoke and become lost or confused.
  33. 33. Workplace Fire Safety • ™Describe the emergency procedures for their facility, in case of fire. • ™Identify common fire hazards in the workplace and how to prevent them. • ™Identify special situations or individuals in the workplace that may require an • emergency response different than the standard response; i.e., evacuating • instructions for physically impaired persons. • ™Demonstrate how to correctly use a fire
  34. 34. Workplace Fire Safety • become familiar with your facility’s fire and life safety systems. • - Manual pull alarms , Fire extinguishers • - Smoke detectors , Fire alarm monitoring service • - Exit doors and stairwells , Voice alarm • - Sprinklers , Fire doors
  35. 35. Prevention of Gasoline Burns • Proper storage, transportation, and proper usage of gasoline • Store in cool and well-ventilated area away from any source of heat or sparks • Store in shed away from house or habitable structures • Keep gasoline locked up when not in use • Have Class B type extinguisher located near gasoline storage area • Keep out of reach of children
  36. 36. Proper Transportation • Use approved container • Wipe container to remove residue after filling – dispose of gas soaked rags in proper receptacle • Do not leave container exposed to sun • In a car, keep trunk ajar for ventilation • In truck, secure to prevent sliding or tipping • Transport only for short distances
  37. 37. Proper Usage • Use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area • Use only approved siphoning devices--not your mouth • Never prime a carburetor with gasoline – Use only approved starting fluids • Start grills with fuels labeled as charcoal starters • Use approved containers and proper filling techniques
  38. 38. 80% burns accidents in women and Children happen in Kitchen
  39. 39. Steps to safe cooking. • Watch what you heat. • Stay alert. • Keep things that can catch fire away from heat. • Know what to do if you have a cooking fire. • Keep kids away from cooking area. • Prevent scalds and burns. • Install and use cooking appliances safely. • Have working smoke alarms.
  40. 40. Areas of Burns Prevention • Cooking should be at height, not at floor. • use of LPG gas with pipe system ,avoid- stove , chulha • Avoid use of kerosene lamps (diya, chimney), use of electricity for light • Gas cylinder should be outside – pipe system
  41. 41. Campfire safety
  42. 42. Wear Slippers, Respect Electricity
  43. 43. Wear Slippers, Respect Electricity
  44. 44. Don’t light crackers in Hand
  45. 45. Firecracker burn safety
  46. 46. Never open a hot radiator cap
  47. 47. Don’t rub eyes after chemical injury
  48. 48. Stay away from trees and water during lightening
  49. 49. In case of Burns, Don’t run; Lie and roll
  50. 50. Don’t use lift in case of fire
  51. 51. Remove constricting materials after burns
  52. 52. Pour water over burns
  53. 53. Smoke alarm
  54. 54. To Use a Fire Extinguisher = Remember P.A.S.S. • Pull the pin on the fire extinguisher handle. • Aim the nozzle/horn of the extinguisher at the base/bottom of the fire. • Squeeze the fire extinguisher handles together to make the extinguisher work. • Sweep the extinguisher nozzle/horn from side to side as if you were using a broom.
  55. 55. Challenge.. • Funding – No National Burns Prevention Program • Manpower – Lack of Dedicated Human Resource for Awareness • Communication – Many problems in Reaching out to Community
  56. 56. Solution: • Each School to teach its students about burns Prevention. • Incorporation of Burns Prevention program into school curriculum. • Individual NGO to target the locality. • Use of Social Network site life Facebook, Twitter…. • Legislation • Smoke alarms
  57. 57. Solution: • Improved building codes • Safer construction techniques • Sprinkler systems • Use of smoke detectors • Educational campaigns aimed primarily at school children
  58. 58. Ultimate solution