Kanchi Paramacharya Community - Story of Syamantaka Mani told by Sri Kanchi Mahaswami - E-bbook #2

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Kanchi Paramacharya Community - Story of Syamantaka Mani told by Sri Kanchi Mahaswami - E-bbook #2

  1. 1. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 1 of 34www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharyascadsStory of ‘Syamantaka Mani’ told bySri Kanchi Mahaswami© Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharyaVolume : 2Published: June 2013
  2. 2. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 2 of 34Table of ContentsForeword............................................................................................3Story of Syamantaka Mani..................................................................5Conclusion ........................................................................................30
  3. 3. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 3 of 34Shri Kanchi Mahaswami Thiruvadigal SaranamForewordHari Om!We are pleased to bring you our Second E-book from the Kanchi Paramacharya Community onFacebook (www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya).This group is dedicated to spread the life and teachings of His Holiness Sri Kanchi Paramacharya, moreaffectionately known to His devotees as Sri Maha Periyava. The Community is also on Google+(https://plus.google.com/u/1/116160513796892415779/posts). Just look for Kanchi Mahaswami onGoogle+ and add us to your Circles, to receive the Gems of Paramacharya in your mail box everymorning.The response to our First publication released on Sri Maha Periyava’s 120thJayanthi last month hasbeen overwhelming, and it is again HIS blessings only that we are able to release our Second editionalso on this auspicious day of Anusham.All of us are aware that the Mahaswami’s discourses captured in the seven volumes of Deivathin Kural/Voice of God is also known as the common man’s Veda. Our Maha Periyava has given us a wealth ofinformation through these books, and every single page is a pokisham (treasure) for us to cherish andrelish.The Paramacharya has narrated several stories from ancient times in Deivathin Kural/ Voice of God,and in this E-Book, we bring you the Story of Syamantaka Mani, narrated in His own sweet, simple andlucid style.In this elaborate story, Sri Maha Periyava shows us a remedy for getting rid of misunderstandings/negative publicity and the curse of seeing the fourth crescent of the moon. We also learn about a slokato be chanted then.There is another important aspect which you will find appealing as you read through this story. SriMahaswami shows us the ways of the world, and several morals to be learnt in life. Those sections arehighlighted in the pages that follow, for your immediate reference.
  4. 4. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 4 of 34We are sure this E-book will be a feast to your eyes and we request you to forward this to all yourfriends, relatives and other devotees of the Mahaswami.Although this e-book is for restricted circulation among like-minded members of the society, it is a freepublication which can be downloaded from our Facebook Page.We humbly submit our Second E-book at the Lotus Feet of Sri Maha Periyava, seeking His blessings andguidance to continue to spread His Light far and wide.Any feedback may be sent to us at kanchimahaswami@gmail.comAdministratorKanchi Paramacharya Communitywww.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharyaJaya Jaya Shankara, Hara Hara Shankara!
  5. 5. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 5 of 34Story of Syamantaka ManiSource: Deivathin Kural / Voice of God: Volume 4You may have heard of the story of Symantaka MaNi Upaakhyaanam inBhagawatam. ‘Aakhyaanam’ means a story. ‘Upaakhyaanam’ means a sidestory or an addenda. When the major epic is narrated by the PuraNa orItihaasa, upaakhyaanam is a story that is branched out of the main. Insome of these upaakhyaanam, like the Nalopaakhyaanam, there may notbe any of the characters of the main story. The purpose may be to highlighta concept or a principle.Some of them may be forming an inalienable part of the main story that would still stand apart!Syamantaka MaNi Upaakhyaanam is thus a part and parcel of Bhagawata. The main story revolvesaround the divine precious stone known as Symantaka MaNi, its ownership, the scam about the stoneinvolving Sri KrishNa and the tribulations he underwent in retrieving his name and reputation, is whatthe story is all about. This story, which is an off-shoot in Bhagawatham, is also narrated in VishnuPuraaNaa and Skaandam with some variations. The worship of PiLLaiyar by KrishNa is as told to SanatKumara by Nandikeswara in Skaandam, is what I am going to talk about. While doing so, I will touchupon the various versions also and make an avail’!Once when after marrying RukmiNi, Bhagwan Sri KrishNa was living in Dwaraka, there were twobrothers of the Yadava community, by name Satrajit and Prasena. The elder Satrajit had a lot ofdevotion to the Sun that is Surya Bhagawan. Though nowadays, some people do Surya Namaskara andchant the Aditya Hrudayam sloka and stop with that. The daily ritual of doing Trikala SandyaVandanam and the Gayatri Mantra Japam is all directed towards the Sun only. However, there was apast when Sun Worship per say, was a separate religion known as Souram!In our religion there are six divisions with six different deities called, the Shanmadham. PiLLaiyar,SubrahmaNya, AmbaaL, Easwara and Mahavishnu, make up the five who are now rather popularlyworshipped. In addition, the sixth sub-division of our religion was the Souram, in which Surya or theSun was worshipped as the primordial God Incarnate! The Konark temple is for Surya Bhagawan.Arka is one of the names of the Sun God. So, koNa + arka = koNark is, the Suns portion!That word Arka has triggered another line of thought, in connection with PiLLaiyar. This is theadvantage of explaining things to others word by word! Whether it is of any usefulness or of interest tothe audience or not, the speaker benefits in terms of, ever new connections between events, conceptsand anecdotes that occur to him suddenly! Having already shared with you all, as to how PiLLaiyar isconnected with AmbaaL, Easwara, Maha Vishnu and SubrahmaNya, the other four deities of theShanmadham, my mind was wondering as to how to connect PiLLaiyar with Surya the Sun!
  6. 6. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 6 of 34Inadvertently, as the talk went on about Konark and Arka as one of the names of Sun, this word Arkasuddenly gave me the connection between PiLLaiyar and Surya the Sun! I thank God for this revelation!Arka the name of Sun is also closely related to worship of PiLLaiyar. To do archanai (offering a floweror leaf each at the lotus feet of the Lord, while chanting Gods name), with the ashtotra (108 Names)or sahasra naama (1008 Names) for PiLLaiyar, the most suitable flower is erukkam poo, an evoluteout of Arka! That we know is a name for Sun God. Then, in Suryanar Koil (Sun Temple) nearKumbakoNam, the Sthala Vruksham is Erukkan! Other than those flowers that bloom at night, out ofthe other flowers that open out when the suns rays fall on them, it is the Erukkan that has thepresence of Sun so apparently that, for every flower that you offer, you can imagine yourself making apersonal submission to God! Now I hope you are clear in your minds as to how, amongst theShanmadham, the other five that is, AmbaaL, Easwara, Mahavishnu, SubrahmaNya and Surya, agreeand consent to the premier place of merit to PiLLaiyar! Let it be so! We were talking about SyamantakaMaNi.Satrajit was highly devoted to Surya the Sun. On the sea shore, he did a tapasya of intense austeritiesand self abnegation. Surya the Sun God was pleased to give him darshan and asked him to express hiswish. He was wearing an effulgent and brilliant gem called the Syamantakam on his chest. Satrajitknew about that stone, that it is capable of enriching him immensely, not only by its own value but byennobling in terms of prestige and status! So he promptly asked the Sun to grant him the Syamantakagem! These Gods have the habit of giving whatever asked for, without a second thought! SuryaBhagawan did exactly that.He told him, "This stone is like another form of mine. Wherever it is present, there will be no disease orsorrow. In the house where it is present there will be eight bhaaram (we do not know how much isthe weight of that bhaaram), of gold. But there is one condition. The one wearing it should be verycareful about cleanliness, physical and otherwise. The slightest deviation towards turpitude can causemuch harm". With those words, the Sun gave him the Syamantaka MaNi and vanished from the scene!Satrajit returned to Dwaraka wearing that stone. It was so powerful that no one could see the wearerof the stone, but only a brilliant white light! Everyone thought that probably Surya Bhagawan hasarrived in Dwaraka to meet Sri KrishNa Bhagawan! Only in very close quarters, people could recognizeSatrajit and get to know as to how he could come to own that gem as a prasadam from the Sun God!KrishNa as one capable of appreciating the aesthetic beauty of the gem praised it much. Satrajit got theimpression that Sri KrishNa wanted to own that gem!However much KrishNa may be prone to do mischief in fun, like stealing the butter and the affection ofthe Gopika girls, leading the life of a householder with 16 thousand wives and such things, he was atotally detatched man of no flimsy needs or desires. As the knower of the Self, he was a ParamaGnaani. After he destroyed Kamsa, he had every right to assume the emperorship himself!
  7. 7. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 7 of 34All the citizens so much in love with him would have wholeheartedly approved of such an action! He was however notinterested in becoming the king.He installed Kamsas father Ugrasena as the King. Ugrasena washis maternal grandfather. Not a direct one but, KrishNas mothersfathers younger brother and a very old man at that! After thedeath of Kamsa, KrishNa moved away to Dwaraka and establisheda small kingdom there. But, even here, he did not declare himselfto be an independent soverign ruler but, placed his elderBalarama to be the King and remained sub-servient to him!Though he is considered as a PoorNa Avatara and not a partincarnation of the ultimate reality, he displayed extreme humilityand dispassion.Bhagawatam talks about the time when Mahalakshmi came into being with the churning of the oceanof milk (ksheera saagara). Then all the Deva-s were avidly looking forward to being favoured byMahalakshmi with a smile or a glance. Vishnu was just by himself with total dispassion standing on thesidelines! Mahalakshmi was attracted by this very apparent unconcern of Vishnu. She thought that towin his heart would be worth the while and so, garlanded him. As he was very kind hearted withoutpassion, he immediately embraced her with all love!I was talking about how KrishNa was devoid of passions and desires. But all the wealth came to himunasked for! Maha Vishnus Conch (Sangu), Chakra, Garuda and the Koustuba Mala; all came to himunasked for. "kasturi tilakam lalaata palake vakshastale koustubam" we sing. They all just came to him.How can such a man be craving for this Syamantaka MaNi? He is said to have made a statement that,if he so desires, Satrajit may give that Syamantaka MaNi. Even this he could have only meant thatSatrajit may give it to Ugrasena Maharaj and not to himself.Even here it is not out of any currying of favour with the king, but with the intention that, instead ofthe individual Satrajit, if it accrues to the king, all the benefits would accrue to the country that herules! With that intention of the nation’s well-being, KrishNa indirectly hinted. As per Artha Saastra, ifan individual were to come to own possessions richer and wealthier than the king, it could give him afalse notion of being superior to the king and that could pave the way for subversive tendencies!Hence such wealth should accrue automatically to the crown. That is the reason why, even the modernday acts of law have made such newly discovered treasures, national properties! As the saying goes,"raja ratna haari", the higher the value of items, they will naturally accrue to the King. With that ideaSri KrishNa made a suggestive indication.
  8. 8. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 8 of 34Satrajits reaction was in a different direction. His analysis of the situation was as follows. "What is Rajaand what is anybody else? After all the king is also KrishNas making only! After all, that king is hismaternal grandfather! In the name of the King, this KrishNa is trying to take away the SyamanthakaMaNi!" Not only did he suspect KrishNa of malicious intentions but was also afraid of him.How attachment and desire for wealth can play tricks with your own mind and imagination is themoral of the story of the Syamantaka MaNi Upaakhyaanam!His analysis was like this. This KrishNa has killed great wrestlers such as ChaNoora and Mushtka, evenin his teens. He made a mince meat of Kamsa. Jarasandha who was so powerful, was beaten andchased around 17 times by this KrishNa. Then, he is also capable of much magic and tricks! How toavoid antagonizing him and if he does become an enemy, how to tackle him? He did not have theheart to give away the Syamantaka MaNi, while at the same time he was in a quandary as to how toretain that precious stone! This story really teaches us as to how inert material can torture us, evenafter its becoming our property!As a stop gap arrangement, he gave it to his younger brother Prasenan temporarily! The youngerbrother was more intelligent and stronger too. The younger brother happily wore that SyamantakaMaNi and set out on a hunting trip to the forests. (As per Skaandam, Prasenan is supposed to havegone in the company of KrishNa. As per Vishnu PuraNam and Bhagawatam, Prasenan went on thehunting trip on his own!)I hope you remember that the one wearing the Syamantaka MaNi, is required to maintain highstandard of physical and moral cleanliness! But Prasenan had to attend to natures call and there wasno water available! He could not clean himself properly. He was attacked by a lion, killed and eaten up!Night enveloped the forest. But the lion catching hold of the Syamantaka MaNi by its mouth was goingunaware of the brilliant emanation of light from its mouth, making the night as bright as the day!In that forest, in a mountainous cave, there lived Jambavan. That leader of bears was the same, whohad assisted the monkey army of Sri Rama, eons before! Finally Sri Rama, when he gave up his mortalcoil and ascended to the Vaikunta, had virtually taken all the people with him. But he left Anjaneya andJambavan. They both had the worth to prove the point that, as long as you are chanting and thinking ofRama Nama, for him this world of misery and sorrow itself will be heavens! To show the world thistruth, they remained behind in the earth. VibhishaNa in Lanka too continued as a Chiranjeevi, that isan immortal being!We think of the human being as highly evolved towards perfection. But after Rama Avatara, it was aMonkey, a Bear and a Rakshasa; who were left behind as the eternal examples of the highest levels ofdevotion! "aswattaama balir vyaasa krupa parasurama hanumanscha vibhishana: iti saptaitechiranjeevina: " says the sloka, describing the seven everlasting souls!
  9. 9. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 9 of 34Though Jambavans name is not there, he is worth being included inthis list! It is part of folk lore to call any expert in any field, who hasseen it all, as a Jambavan! Is it not so? To name a few more whoare not included, but should be included in this list, I should pointout, Agasthya and the forever sixteen years old Markandeya!Ramas time was during Treta Yuga. This event under consideration,occurred at the end of Dwapara Yuga. (More than 300 thousandyears must have passed between the two, during which Jambawanmust have been alive!)Jambawan saw the lion with the brilliant Syamantaka MaNi in itsmouth. At that time he had a baby boy by the name Sukumara. Donot ask me as to how he could live for more than three Lac yearsand then have a baby boy! He wanted the brilliant gem for his son,as a play thing! As a mighty warrior, he fought with the lion andkilled him. Picked up the gem and made it hang above the babys cot with some toys. (That reminds meas to how Vaali made RavaNa hang as a ten headed insect, over his babys cot!) The gem despite itsbrilliance was like a torch light for modern day children!Here is the deviation to the story as given in Skaandam. I hope you remember that as per SkaandamKrishNa was accompanying Prasenan in the hunt. Somewhere along the way, they were separated andPrasenan was killed by the lion and the Syamantaka MaNi landed up with Jambawan. KrishNa searchedand searched for Prasenan. Soon it was getting to be dark. By chance when he looked up at the sky, hesaw the fourth crescent of the moon. After the new moon, the first and second night, anyhow we willnot notice the moon. Third night the sliver of the crescent, is in the sky only for a short period. On thefourth night however, it is more easily noticeable, because it is there in the western sky for about anhour plus after twilight. So, thinking that it would not be prudent to remain in the forest any further,he returned with his followers to Dwaraka.When Prasenan did not return with KrishNa, Satrajit suspected KrishNa of foul play! As perBhagawatam, Satrajit suspected that KrishNa had dispatched some of his men to follow and killPrasenan in the forest! In his view, KrishNa already had an eye for the gem and got an opportunity todispose off Prasenan and grab the gem! When God takes birth in the form of a human being, he has toundergo all the tribulations that man has to face. After all, the purpose of taking Avatara is to show byexample, as to how the human being should behave, when faced with difficult situations! “KrishNa hasmurdered Prasenan, stolen the Syamantaka MaNi gem from him and hidden it somewhere.” Thesewere the two false criminal charges leveled against the innocent KrishNa. He went about everywheretalking about this falsehood!
  10. 10. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 10 of 34The public mind is very easily swayed and corrupted by rumor and innuendo. One day they will bepraising you to high heavens and the very next day they may not hesitate to think twice about lettingyour name besmirched. We see this often, do we not? To some extent, it was always like that only,even in Treta Yuga! It was only after the disposal of Kamsa that the Yadava community as a whole hadcome out of their doldrums and seen some better days of prosperity. It was KrishNas kindness whichsaved them from great threats and hazards. Those very people were talking ill of KrishNa joining handswith and adding their voices to that of Prasenan.One could hear them talking, “Even when he was only a child, we knew that he was a regular thief.Thieving and duplicity, seem to be innate characteristics for him! He could have done this killing ofPrasenan and snatching of the Syamantaka MaNi and or even more!” They had forgotten the fact ofbeing saved from Kalinga the poisonous snake and the event in which they were all saved from utterdestruction at the time of torrential rains, when he lifted the Govardhana Mountain and held it like anumbrella under which the whole lot of people of Brindavan were assembled.Sri Krishna felt very grieved of being accused of offences which he could never have even thought of.He was not grieved really! He was beyond such human foibles and weaknesses. He just acted as thoughhe was much affected! He acted as though, he had lost his omniscience and omnipotence. He decidedto investigate and prove to the whole world as to how Prasenan died and what happened to the GemSyamantaka MaNi!Having decided to investigate, KrishNa went to that part of the forest where Prasenan had gone, withsome close friends of Satrajit. They virtually followed the hoof marks of the horse ridden by Prasenan.After some distance there were no hoof marks. Extensive blood stains and some bones of a horse anda human being were seen. Some pieces of clothing worn by Prasenan, his ornaments and some of theequipment used in riding the horse, like the saddle and stirrups were noticed. One could easily makeout that both the horse and the rider had been attacked, killed and eaten by one or more than onecarnivorous animals, from the fact that all the flesh and meat had been licked clean!This was not conclusive proof still. Human beings could have been killed and then animals could haveeaten the meat. The doubting minds of the persons who had accompanied KrishNa were still notconvinced, especially because of the fact that the Syamantaka MaNi was missing from the scene!Luckily, they happened to notice the spoors of more than one animal, prominent amongst which werethe spoors of a Lion leading away from the scene. They followed that. After some distance, they cameupon the carcass of a lion! Around that were the marks of the feet of a bear!Bears are normally vegetarians, at least Indian ones used to be. Even carnivores normally would noteat the flesh of another carnivore. That is the reason for the lion’s whole carcass lying there still,without much of degradation. Bear’s foot marks are bigger than other animals.
  11. 11. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 11 of 34Bears and chimpanzees stand on two feet and so their impressionon the ground is rather deep, since they bear the whole bodyweight. Then after all, the bear we are talking about is the mightyJambawan!So, they easily followed the foot marks of the bear from there.Those marks led them in front of a cave and went inside. The cavewas deep and long. After some time, others gave up the pursuit andsaid that they will wait outside. As friends of Satrajit, they were stilldoubtful of KrishNa! They naturally doubted that after some drama,he may get them lost forever inside the cave and escape himself,this trickster KrishNa!KrishNa was of such an attitude that, instead of exposing others todangers, he would accept the challenges himself! He told the people accompanying to wait outside thecave and went inside with his body generating a blue light all around! After some distance the caveexpanded in to a well spread out hall, brightly lit! I am sure that you would have correctly guessed thatthe source of light was the Syamantaka MaNi!It looked like a well furnished house. In the centre of the hall was a cradle (with four chains from theroof), in which there was a baby sleeping. The first thing noticed was the brilliant gem SyamantakaMaNi, which was hung over the cradle. Rest of the space in the whole cave was lighted by that gem.You could then hear a lullaby being sung in low tones by a beautiful girl, who was rocking the child’scradle.During those days it seems that monkeys and bears were capable of communicating with each otherand human beings. So, they could talk, dance and sing! May be human race was probably still evolvingand the separation from its origins was as yet not so pronounced, as now. Darwin and his followersmay be able to explain this.The lullaby that she was singing was not an already existing song probably because, the song wasabout how the Syamantaka MaNi happened to be present there in that grotto, hanging over thatcradle! It was revealing enough to solve the puzzle for KrishNa and whosoever were listening. I do notknow how to sing. But I will quote to you the words. This sloka is not to be found in Bhagawata but, isto be seen in both Vishnu PuraNa and Skaandam.“simha: prasenam avateet simho jaambavataa hata : ISukumaraka maa rothee tava hyesha syamantaka : II ”
  12. 12. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 12 of 34The meaning is that, “The lion killed Prasenan, and then that lion was killed by Jambawan. You! Babywith the name of Sukumara do not have to cry anymore because, the Syamantaka MaNi is all yoursnow! ” She was thinking that it is all his, the baby’s! She could not have known as to what wasKrishNa’s view on the subject!KrisNa entered the scene hearing the song and for him the mystery was solved. One look at him andthis beautiful girl was in love with him! She was overflowing with love and fear. Not afraid of him but,afraid that, her father Jambawan may hurt this new found love of her life! Her name was Jambavathy.She thought, “Our father who has made this cave a well protected fort-like thing is likely to getannoyed with this handsome intruder and punish him!”Jambawan was sleeping at that time. She asked him in subdued tones as to what is the purpose of hisvisit. He gave a detailed reply. She said, “As it is our father will be annoyed at your uninvited presence.Then if he gets to know that you are here to take away the Syamantaka MaNi, there will be hell to pay!So you better take the MaNi now itself and quietly vanish from the scene!” She did not have the heartto tell him to go. But her nascent love for him caused her to talk like this!One woman (peNmaNi – in Tamil ) who had fallen in love with KrishNa – by name RukmaNi – gave amessage to him, that he should kidnap her away! This other woman prayed to him to take away thisrarest of gems – Syamantaka MaNi - despite the penchant that women normally have for gems andjewels!But this Bhagwan instead of keeping quiet about the secret wish of hers, laughed loudly. He said,“Enough is enough of titles as a thief and thug that I have been unduly given. I am thankful to God forhaving found a way out of being called a liar and thief by Satrajit! You want me to be called a thief byyour father too? No chance whatsoever! Let him give it to me on his own or I will fight him and take itaway!” He said.“I know my father’s nature. As it is there is a saying about the grip of a bear as what is not easily priedopen! (They call it karadippidi in Tamil!) You can never take away this rare gem that he has obtainedfor his favourite son, at this old age! You cannot get it by begging. If you have to take it, and thenbetter fight for it and take it”, said Jambavathy. Already she had started feeling responsible andcapable of sharing in his earning or loosing name and respect! So, this Bhagwan who was till nowplaying a rather subdued role, picked up his conch Panchajanya and went “boom, boom” on it!
  13. 13. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 13 of 34Jambawan got up from his sleep. Once he realised thatKrishNa was challenging him, he came out beating on hischest, “Oh! I see! You are thinking me to be an old fossil? So,you have the audacity to come in to my den challenging me?OK. I will show you!” Really he handled Bhagwan veryroughly. Bhagwan parried. His ulterior motive was of course,to reveal to the world at large, the might of this old bear, asto what a great fighter he is! Jambawan was not aware of thefact that, this warrior in front of him was none other than hisown ‘Ishta devata’ Sri Rama!Though fully aware of his own prowess and his opponents,Bhagwan kept his own at parity with the opponent, like afather playing with his own son! They were conducting an unarmed combat of a combination of boxingand wrestling. The aim of KrishNa was to get into much physical contact.From the time of Rama Avatara, it was the wish of Jambawan to come into physical contact withBhagwan! He really wanted to embrace Rama! But he was shy of expressing his wish! The body ofRama was of the colour of emerald green, hard as a rock, with the skin softer than silk, being anembodiment of love and compassion.Who would not like to embrace that body! But this huge bear was naturally not able to tell anyoneabout his, this wish! Had he ever wished to express his wish, Sri Rama would not have agreed. Because,he had entrusted his body as the property of Sita his wife. None else could have come anywhere close!He was too strict about his ‘eka patny vratam’, meaning being a one woman man!Not only Jambawan, all the sages in DandakaraNya, who were all ascetics beyond any flimsy desires ofthe flesh, when they saw Sri Rama for the first time, were so attracted by that noble form, that theywanted to hug him in a total embrace! As deserving matured souls, they put up their wish directly toSri Rama. His reply was that in his incarnation as Rama, only Sita was entitled to embrace his sareera,that is his body. In his next incarnation as Sri KrishNa he will fulfill their desires, he promised. So itseems that, all those Rishis were born as Gopika’s, the women of Brindavan!That being the case of the Rishis and their wish, what is to be done with the wish of the bear who hadbeen rendered immortal! How will he be ever able to fulfill his desire of embracing that divine noblebody of Rama, even if he gets to know that KrishNa is none other than Rama! He was likely to hide hisdesire to himself, especially as it was unthinkable to embrace the flower like body of Rama / KrishNa,with that hirsute blanket like body of his own! So it was the secret plan of God to enable him to catchhold of him and role any this way and that, to his heart’s content, in the pretext of fighting! Within thethis worldly drama, there are so many divine plays known as, Bhagawan ki leela!
  14. 14. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 14 of 34Exactly similarly Siva as the Ishta devata, that is preferred deity of Arjuna, gave an opportunity to hisdevotee to get in to fisticuff with himself, when he came as a hunter and instigated his devotee in to afight!Days rolled into weeks as KrishNa and Jambawan kept up their combat! The Yadava-s who werewaiting outside, were fidgety! There was no sign of KrishNa. They were away from their own families,going hungry in the forest. It can be quite dangerous and lonely in the forest at night! In ones and twosthey all returned to Dwaraka after a day or two or may be three! They did not want to get into anymore trouble than what they were already in, however much they might have been beholden toPrasenan or Satrajit!The fight / combat went on for 21 days! Though totally tired and worn-out physically, Jambawan wasgetting some thrill out of that physical touch of KrishNas body! That is how he somehow continued tosurvive. By the end of the third week however, Jambawan could not continue anymore. He knew that itwas the power of Sri Rama that had sustained him for so long. Chanting aloud the name of Sri Ramahe was beating the next Avatara of Rama only! Jambawan started wondering as to who this man couldbe, who could withstand his strength combined with that of power of Rama Nama? "Evidently he canjust not be a normal person! Who can this man be? And most importantly, why is his physical contactgiving me so much of pleasure and thrill?", he thought! The answer just occurred to him in a flash.KrishNa also thought, "How long do I have to go on playing this game? I have so many morecommitments, after all!" So we should take it that Krishna caused Jambawan to realize! Jambawanthought, "Oh! God! How more bearishly foolish can I ever become! My very Ishta Devata has comecalling on me in this forest after all these years and I am fighting with him!" He felt thoroughlyashamed at his lack of sensitivity. He fell at the feet of Bhagawan and begged his pardon! There is acolloquial phrase in Tamil, poosai koduppadu which would mean literally to give a thorough thrashing,while sounding as though to worship! May be that phrase evolved after this incident, when Jambawanbeat up the very favourite God that he wanted to worship! KrishNa picked him up and consoledJambawan lovingly.Jambawan pleaded and prayed, "I am myself your slave only! There is nothing of mine which is notyours. I offer back to you, your Syamantaka MaNi. With that, I offer to you this Kanya MaNi (gem of agirl), my daughter Jambavathy also. Please be kind enough to agree!" (Women are addressed andreferred as, peNmaNi and nareemaNi, as per customs and traditions of this country, as a gem of a girland or gem of a woman!) Jambavathy’s love was also fulfilled when KrishNa accepted her along withthe gem Syamantaka MaNi!KrishNa returned to Dwaraka with the newly wedded wife and the gem Syamantaka MaNi. First thinghe did was to restore the gem to the original owner Satrajit. Satrajit had given it to Prasenan fromwhom the lion had got it. Jambawan took it from the animal.
  15. 15. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 15 of 34KrishNa had got it from Jambawan after a fight. So legally, KrishNacould have claimed the gem as his! But having proved that he was nota criminal, with a liberal heart he gave it to the one who had got thegem after much worshipful Tapasya to the Sun!Now, this MaNi did not give any great satisfaction to Satrajit, but wasonly a reminder of his fallacies, that was more of an irritant! He feltbad about having subjected innocent KrishNa to false accusations! Hewanted to make amends. The best method he thought was to offerhis daughter Satyabhama, in marriage to Sri KrishNa! That he did.Satyabhama was the only child of Satrajit. She was the Avatara of BhuDevi. RukmaNi was Sri devi. So finally it came about that, theSyamantaka MaNi caused KrishNa to face trumped up charges ofaccusation initially, ending in his acquisition in marriage ofJambavathy and Satyabhama! That was not a bad bargain!Like Jambawan, Satrajit also offered the Syamantaka MaNi along with the Kanya Daanam ofSatyabhama. But KrishNa, having accepted the hand of Satyabhama, refused to accept the gemSyamantaka MaNi. He told him that, it was in the rightness of things that it should be with Satrajit, as agift from the Sun God! Anyhow, Satrajit thought that, as she was his only daughter, all his wealth andproperty would anyhow accrue to her and KrishNa. So he did not press the point further.After this in a few days, there was news about PaNdava-s, that they were all burnt off when theirpalace made of Arakku, a type of ceiling wax, was reduced to ashes in a conflagration caused bydeceit at the behest of Dhuryodana. That is a different story of Maha Bharatha, which we are not goinginto now! We are concerned only to the extent that KrishNa went to Hastinapura to convey hiscondolences for the tragedy. The fact that the Pandava-s had escaped by an underground passagefrom the palace, was not known to the world. Krishnas absence from Dwaraka, led to great grievancesto Satyabhama.There was one Satadhanva, a very rough and tough character amongst the Yadava clan. There weretwo other people of the Yadava clan, involved in this ensuing drama, Krutavarma and Akrura, whowere much closer to KrishNa. Actually this Akrura was a devotee of Krishna. He was the one who tookKrishNa and Balarama, from Brindavan to Mathura, before Kamsa was sorted out! The common factorbetween these three personages is the fact that they were all in love with Satyabhama, whom in onestroke, KrishNa had wedded and taken away! Some time or the other, all three of them had asked forthe hand of Satyabhama in marriage and Satrajits answer to each one of them was positive butindecisive. Syamantaka MaNi further complicated the scenario and KrishNa had got wedded toSatyabhama.
  16. 16. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 16 of 34We are yet to come to how KrishNa worshipped Vigneshwara that is, PiLLaiyar. We have to wait a littlemore for that scene! In the meantime, Satadhanva, Krutavarma and Akrura, all three of them had theirgenuine hate and complaint against Satrajit! He had given away not only the girl whom they loved, butalso given away the Syamantaka MaNi to KrishNa. Though KrishNa had returned the gem to Satrajit,the three came together on a common platform of hate and frustration! Passion and pride for womenand wealth, leading to hate and frustration; can even annul ones devotion to God and noble causes, isthe warning that we should all draw from this story!Akrura was an ardent devotee of KrishNa and Krutavarma was at least a friend of KrishNa. They wereopenly anti-Satrajit and spoke in support of KrishNa. But, the scenario changed when Satrajit becamethe father-in-law of KrishNa, giving his daughter Satyabhama in marriage to him and also gave him theSymantaka MaNi as a dowry almost. Though KrishNa did not accept the Syamantaka MaNi, the attitudeof Akrura and Krutavarma changed completely. All devotion turned into one of hate and jealousy. Thestory teaches us as to how the best of intensions can change when pride and prejudice comes intoplay!When KrishNa went to Hastinapura, it gave an opportunity to Akrura and Krutavarma to hatch a plan ofdeceit! Having lost the girl Satyabhama anyhow, they thought of getting at least the gem! They eventhought of doing away with Satrajit! Not having enough courage to do it themselves, they approachedSatadhanva to act as the hired killer! As aspirants for the hand of Satyabhama, they should have beenmutually at logger heads with each other. But as they say, ‘enemy’s enemy is a friend’, the three ofthem having a common enemy in Satrajit, were thrown together by the circumstances! Knowing thatSatrajit did not have KrishNa’s immediate support, they thought that the time to strike was whenKrishna was still away in Hastinapura.Satadhanva killed Satrajit by using deceit in a despicable manner and not by direct fight. He grabbedthe Syamantaka MaNi. Satyabhama came to know about this and was grieved. She was waiting for thereturn of KrishNa to punish Satadhanva. Though it is said that due to the power of Syamantaka MaNi,the one having it will have access to all riches and that it will be a source of happiness and good health!What we have so far seen is the opposite! Nothing is free in life and there is always a cost.In this case the cost was physical and inner cleanliness, as clarified by Surya Bhagawan initially, whilehanding over the gem to Satrajit. In this Satrajit failed badly because, he was suspicious of everyoneincluding KrishNa, as far as the Syamantaka MaNi was concerned. This distrust in the heart is dirt! IfPrasena had to give his life because of physical lack of cleanliness, Satrajit was nursing doubt anddistrust for long, ending in his having to die for it, at the end.
  17. 17. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 17 of 34Even ‘chiranjeevi’ Jambavan could not keep the gem for long withhimself! Under these circumstances, how long could the gemhave lasted in the hands of the cruel and scheming Satadhanva?Would it have let him live for long? When KrishNa returned, hisloving wife cried her hearts out as to how Satadhanva had killedher father by deceit! KrishNa had decided that her father’s deathwill be avenged!The moment Satadhanva had knowledge about KrishNa’s decisionto avenge the death of Satrajit, he started shivering in mortalfear. Only recently, KrishNa had defeated Jambawan in physicalcombat over 21 days, as known to everyone! Once he knew that,such a great warrior’s attention was focused on the killer ofSatrajit, Satadhanva’s courage deserted him. He ran away fromDwaraka.Before that, he dropped the Syamantaka MaNi in the hands of Akrura! He could have surrendered it toKrishNa and begged of him to spare his life. But that would have been tantamount to acceptance ofthe crime of killing Satrajit, on the one hand! On the other, his devious mind wanted to deny KrishNa adouble victory of defeating him as well as getting his hands on the gem! Another way of looking at itwas that, as he had known as to how, whosoever became owners of that gem Symantaka MaNi hadsuffered, he wished Akrura to suffer the same fate! Evil minds work in deviously evil ways! May be thistactic would divide the attention of KrishNa in two different directions!KrishNa came to know that Satadhanva was getting away on a fast moving horse. He was neitherannoyed nor furious. Satadhanva who had murdered his father-in-law by deceit, had to be punished. Itwas his duty to do so. With his brother Balarama, he chased Satadhanva on a chariot. The horses of thechariot started at a gallop. After much chasing, Satadhanva and his horse were seen at a distance,losing speed. His horse physically carrying Satadhanva’s weight, was visibly in its last legs, virtually. Itstumbled and fell down dead, foaming in its mouth.Satadhanva started running away. KrishNa thought that it was not fair (not ‘dharmam’) to chase a manrunning, on a chariot. So he got down from the chariot and started running himself! Balaramaremained seated in the chariot, as he considered that it was not in the rightness of things for oneopponent to be attacked by two! Bhagawan caught hold of Satadhanva. There was a fight. Who canlast long against the might of KrishNa? Satadhanva was killed and attained to heavens as all his sinswere done away with by the grace of KrishNa. As it happened with Jambawan, KrishNa proved to bethe stronger and got the name and fame for that, as an effect of the Symantaka MaNi. He searched forthe gem in the dead man’s body in vain. With name and fame, he was also due for an equal amount ofblame!
  18. 18. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 18 of 34Talking of His Omniscience, Bhagawan Sri KrishNa says in Bhagawat Gita, “I know all that happens inthe past, present and future, Arjuna; at the same time, it is true that nobody can ever know me”. Suchan omniscient being only play acts as though that, he did not know about the whereabouts of theSyamantaka MaNi. He had brought his elder brother with that expectation that the gem was probablyto found in the person of Satadhanva. Balarama, who was also another Avatara of the ultimate only,was equally omniscient about everything including the gem’s location.Having subjected himself to much unfounded accusations and going through the human foibles andfallibilities, KrishNa seems to have placed himself in a quandary, as far as his relations with his elderbrother is concerned. He told Balarama, “Brother, I have killed him but, could not locate the gem in hisperson!” Balarama played his part in the drama equally well!He told KrishNa the following words, “KrishNa, you have always been a double dealing rogue! You areafraid that I will ask for the gem. So you have already played your trick! There is no doubt that you arebluffing. I am ashamed of having you as a relative and live with your pranks!” This ‘PoorNa Avatara’ ofthe Parabrhmam in human form, without losing his balance, calmly replied with due respect, “My dearBrother, you should not doubt me like that. You can check me thoroughly, if you want!”Balarama’s anger was not to be so easily appeased. However much KrishNa pleaded, he was noconvinced. “There is no meaning in checking you in person. You have always been a master of illusionand magic. You will use ‘thiraskaraNi vidya’ to hide the location of the gem from me. It is no good tokeep your company. I will not wish to be seen with you anymore.” So saying he walked away from thescene to Videha Rajya, a neighbouring state.KrishNa came back with much anxiety. As though he had not suffered enough, the public ire was againdirected against him. They accused him of having killed again for the sake of the gem. They alsoaccused him of antagonizing his own elder brother and expelling him from the country, for the samereason!It is the human tendency to look at the mistakes in others than the good points. What somebodycould have done or not done, with all possible combinations, fill up the gossip pages of newspapers.Then there is much discussion on individual opinions and interpretations! More than praising thegood qualities in our leaders, we show more interest in their weaknesses and fallibilities! ThePuraNas bear out that such has been the case always!On receiving the information about the return of KrishNa to Dwaraka, Akrura who would normally lookforward to the company of KrishNa as insurance against fear, was in a dilemma. He thought it better tovanish from the scene! He literally went away from Dwaraka! In his ‘Bhaja Govindam’ song ourAachaaryaaL says, ‘artham anartham bhaavaya nityam’, meaning, ‘at least once a day think in yourmind that material possession (artham) would automatically lead to conflicts and chaos (anartham)’!
  19. 19. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 19 of 34So material should become immaterial in our lives, as otherwise, wewill be in a similar quandary as Akrura found himself in.Though Akrura need never have had these doubts and distrust aboutKrishNa, a friend in whose good books he had always been; hisnatural bent of mind towards devotion to God and dharma, did notdesert him. So, though he left Dwaraka, he went on Kshetraadanathat is, visiting holy places of religious interest! Finally he reachedKaasi!Once he had reached Kaasi, his mind was peaceful and light. He hadno personal selfish interests to exploit the fact of having the Gem inhis possession. It started giving him Eight Weights (bharam) of goldevery day! He spent all the money in getting many temples of God constructed. That sacred gemseemed to have finally arrived at the suitable destination! So while pouring all the wealth, the gemcaused that in its proximity there will not be any disease, sadness, floods or drought like conditions!Here in Dwaraka, Bhagawan was brooding as to how this gem has caused all types of troubles! “It hadtaken the life of three people, Prasenan, Satrajit and now, Satadhanva. First it got me against Satrajitand now my own elder brother is alienated and migrated on some misunderstanding! Akrura’s absenceis indicative of the fact that the gem is possibly in his hands. His going away from Dwaraka is also dueto the gem only! While Satyabhama has been grieved by the demise of her father, the world is stillsuspicious of me, my behaviour and my attitude! Why am I being the target of so much distrust andmisunderstanding?”Then Narada came there. Narada Maharishi always knew as to when to enter any story and how hisentry will cause a major turn in the narrative! His opening statement addressed at KrishNa was,“Swami! You seem to be much lost in thoughts. What is the matter?” Bhagwan Sri KrishNa narrated allthe twists and turns that had taken place since the arrival of Syamantaka MaNi in Dwaraka. With sheerhumbleness he asked Narada, “There is nothing that is not known to you in all the three worlds ofspace and time! So, you have to tell me as to why, I am subjected to so much of public distrust andinnuendo!”“Oh! That? I will tell you. On bhadrapada sukhla chathurthi, you have seen the crescent of the moon.That is the reason for all of your troubles, as you have been subjected to the curse by Vigneshwara!”Now that statement needs much explanation! We have to know, firstly as to ‘what is meant bybhadrapada sukhla chathurthi?’, secondly ‘what is wrong in seeing the crescent of the moon on thatday?’, thirdly ‘what is Vigneshwara’s curse?’ The readers would have now noticed as to how far wehave got away from the story of PiLLaiyar and got too involved in that of KrishNa!
  20. 20. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 20 of 34Bhadrapada (also known as Proshtapada), is a double star known as, Poorva Bhadrapada and UttaraBhadrapada. Generally when referring to the month in which the full moon occurs, in one of thesestars, the month is called Bhadrapada and while referring the star itself, it is called Proshtapada. Thusthe star could be Poorva Proshtapadee or Uttara Proshtapadee, known in Tamil as Poorattaadhi andUttirattaadhi. The month Proshtapadhi (that is, the month in which full moon happens to be on the dayof one of these two stars), is called in Tamil as Poorattasi!Then there are two schools of thoughts on this. In Tamil Nadu they follow the ‘Souramaanam’, that isthe calculations of the first day of each month of the calendar is based on the entry of the Sun in aparticular Rasi and its exit. Looking at the Sun from the Earth, it will be found to be aligned with aparticular galaxy of stars called Rasi, during that period.People in Kerala, Andhra, Karnataka and all other parts of North India, follow what is known as,‘Chandramaanam’. Their month starts on the first day/night after the Amavasya (New Moon), that isknown as Sukhla Paksha Prathama. The first day/night after a full moon, on the other hand is known asKrishNa Paksha Prathama. The name of the month in this method will be that of the star occurring onthe Full Moon day / night in that month. All festivals in India are based on this system ofChandramaanam.So PiLLaiyar Chaturthi will occur in the month of Bhadrapada, on Sukhla Paksha Chathurthi, uniformlyfor all the followers of the system of Chandramaanam, such as for Keralites, Kannadigas, Andhrites andNorth Indians. For the followers of Souramaanam, PiLLaiyar Chathurthi could be in the month ofAavaNi or Purattasi. I hope you grasp the difference. Let me put it in other words.The day after Amavasya the next month is born. So the fourth day of any month is the Sukla PakshaChathurthi. (After full moon the waxing moon is the KrishNa Paksha.) But in the case of Souramaanam,the month of Purattasi occurs only when the Sun enters the Kanya Raasi from Simha Raasi. That couldhappen in AavaNi or Purattasi! Similar thing happens in the case of Sri Rama Navami, Gokula Ashtami,Nava raathri and so on! That is the festivals as per these two methods of calculations could and dodiffer!It was in one of those ‘Bhadrapada Sukhla Chathurthi’, that is PiLLaiyar Chathurthi evening that SriKrishNa had seen the waxing crescent moon! Having gone for a hunt with Prasenan and having waitedfor him for long, he saw the moon and thinking it to be rather late, returned from the hunt, withoutbeing able to locate Prasenan! That is the occasion that Narada was referring to! Naturally the questionarises as to, why is it so bad to see the crescent moon on PiLLaiyar Chathurthi? That is the question ofKrishNa that Narada answered.
  21. 21. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 21 of 34In PuraNas, all narration is in the form of one person asking aquestion and another answering them. That evidently meansthat they have done all their other activities for creaturecomforts and are at ease, being able to give all their attentionto what is being said! Almost all PuraNas are in the form ofthe assembled ascetics of NaimisaraNya asking questions andSuta answering them. That in turn will be presented as havingbeen enquired by one and answered by another. Forexample, though Bhagawatam is as instructed by Suta to theRishis of NaimisharaNya, we receive it as a reply from Sukhato Parikshit.Looking at the Itihasas, Maha Bharatam too is in the form of Suta’s reply to the assembled sages ofNaimisaraNya. Only RamayaNa is different. Valmiki, who was disgusted with his way of life of dacoity,asked Narada as to, “Who is the ideal human being full of all admirable character qualities?” Narada’sreply was a narration of Sri Rama’s life history. This was later composed in poetical form by Valmiki,taught to Lava and Kusa, the two sons of Rama, who presented it by singing, in the presence of Ramaand his courtiers in Aswamedha Mandapam, that became an epic!Maha Bharatham was once again, as instructed to the Rishis of NaimisaraNya by Suta. Then the samestory was retold to the grandson of Pandavas, Janamejaya by Vaisampayana Rishi. What was till then in‘karNa parampara’ that is, verbally told and repeated, was written down by Vigneswara our PiLLaiyar,on the rocks of the Meru mountain with one of his tusks, broken by himself, to be used as the pen!Branching of the stories takes place in between these PuraNas and Itihasas, when any one of thecharacters in the story would ask questions and Narada or Agasthya or Markandeya or such sages whowere authorities of the past, would be clearing their doubts, through yet- another historical narration.Within RamayaNa too, in the Uttara Kaanda (that is canto), the life history of RavaNa and his relativesis narrated, as told to Rama by Agasthya.This Agasthya is the one asking question, which is answered by Hayagreeva, that is theLalithopakhyanam in the Brhmanda PuraNa! In Maha Bharatham too, there are many such instanceswhen, many Rishis have clarified the doubts of Pandavas, during their 12 years of ‘Vana Vasa’ that is,stay in the forest! Exactly similarly, here in Skandam, KrishNa Paramatma is told by Narada, as to whythe waxing moon is not to be seen on chathurthi! This is depicted as told by Nandikeswara to Sanatkumara.Maha GaNapathi used to ride his Mooshika Vahana and roam about happily all over the worlds. Duringsuch visits everywhere, he once visited the Chandra Loka or the world of the Moon. He was the babyGod of the colour of the Moon as he is known as, ‘sasi varNa’. More over any child loves the Moon.
  22. 22. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 22 of 34Chandra always had a haughty pride about his own beauty, as he is much extolled and admired by alllovers, poets and lovers of poetry! That praise of the bards went to his head and he started lookingdown on all others. When a sense of pride comes over you, it is but natural that your perspective getsblurred.PiLLaiyar’s elephant face dripping with love and compassion, the wide ears fanning about, his body ofchubby cheeks, well filled belly indicative of wholesome baby fat, with the fifth hand of a proboscis ortrunk mischievously touching all things around, while the legs look rather puny by contrast; he is asource of endless mirth and pleasure to the onlooker! For Chandra the Moon, he looked funny enoughto be laughed at with derision! PiLLaiyar can take a joke, but not derision and ridicule! He was angered,since discipline of the deities is like a duty of his. Not because he felt personally insulted.He told the Moon the following words. “Hi! Mr. Moon! You seem to be rather haughty, due to yourapparent beauty. Your complexion is pleasantly fair alright. But, hope you remember that your light isactually only reflected glory! You seem to be forgetting that the parts of your body which does notreceive the Sun’s light are dark and murky! Even when you are in your effulgent glory as a full moon,there are blotches and smudges!”“Let it be so. Who is interested in appearances? Looking at your character, it leaves much to bedesired! Because of the aberrations in your character, you were too partial to one wife RohiNi ascompared to the 26 others! So your father-in-law Dakshan cursed you to lose your power of evenreflecting the Sun’s light! When you were a negligible sliver of your original being, it was my father whogave you back great honour and prestige, by wearing you on his head!”“Then it was his kindness that you were permitted to grow to your full potential of completeroundness. So as to remind you of your disloyalty to your other wives, you were made to wane and bythe grace of Parameswara you were enabled to grow, as a cycle alternately! People look at you onlybecause of your cool nourishing light, in the night time. Because of this behaviour of disrespect to me, Icurse you that nobody may look at you even for your beauty anymore! Anyone looking at you may besubjected to doubt and innuendo!” This was the curse by PiLlaiyar to Chandra the Moon!The best method of punishing someone too proud of their beauty and their make-up is, not to givethem attention and to ignore them! This is what PiLlaiyar did. Instead of cursing Chandra, he causedothers to purposefully ignore him. Those who accidentally notice his presence in the sky and thensuffer some bad luck are likely to direct their curses at Chandra. Thus he will end up getting light fromthe Sun and curses from the onlookers!
  23. 23. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 23 of 34One more thing, the world normally shows difference to peoplewho may be of awful character, but if they are good looking,wealthy and in position of authority, he or she is muchappreciated and admired. The purpose of PiLlaiyar’s curse is tocurb this tendency also.To ignore people who are proud of their beauty is the rightpunishment. Those who ignore bad behaviour in others and arerespectful only towards beauty, position, power and status, arebest punished by slander caused to them! Chandra was afraidabout the likely curses he would have to suffer from those whobecome victims of slander, just because they looked at him! Withthis double dilemma, he hid himself deep inside the ocean!The world suffered a lot due to the absence of the moon at night!The herbs get their nourishment from the moon light only. They were all starving and wilting. Thediseases were on the increase due to absence of medicinal herbs. Lovers and poets were badlyaffected. All the divine beings and Rishis went and complained to Brahma. On such situations peoplealways used to go to Brahma first. Either he will solve the problem or gradually raise the level toVishnu, Siva or AmbaL successively. In this case however the consensus was to go back to PiLLaiyarhimself.So they were all advised accordingly to pray to Maha GaNapathi in the proper manner. In his favouritechathurthi, they all fasted and prepared all sorts of eats that PiLlaiyar is fond of, such as Modakam,Appam, fruits that would be available in the forests, like plantain and jack fruit, sugarcane and suchthings. ‘More than the items offered, it is your sincerity that is important’, said Brahma.Normally ‘vratam’ means having one meal in the day and fasting at night. In this case, since themoon will be seen only at night, it would have been in the rightness of things to fast throughout theday and finish the same after a proper celebration of devotional procedure at night. That is why it iscalled a ‘nakta vratam’! Naktam means night and ‘nocturnal’ the word in English is derived from thisword ‘naktam’ only!Each God is fond one particular ‘upachara’ (courteous action of reverence). Siva is said to be ‘abhishekapriya:’, that is fond of being bathed and anointed. Vishnu is ‘alankara priya:’, that is fond of beingdecorated with flowers, leaves, garlands and jewels! PiLLaiyar is very pleased with offerings of eats, likeany child should be. If you give anything to it, its immediate reaction would be to test its, softness,hardness, taste etc., by putting it in its mouth. So would this baby God be easily pleased with’neivedyam’, offerings of food! So he should be offered plenty of Modakam or Kozhukkattai, Appam,Pongal, Coconut, Bananas, Sugar Cane, Pineapple, honey and such things!
  24. 24. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 24 of 34That is why Avvayar starts of her prayers to PiLLaiyar with, “paalum, theli thenum (honey), paagumparuppum, ivai naangum kalandu unakku naan tharuven, kolam sei thunga-k-karimugaththu thoomaniye, nee enakku sangath thamizh moonrum thaa.” With apparent mastery and ease over herlanguage, rhyming and rhythm, she tells PiLLaiyar, “I will give you four things namely, (one) milk, (two)clear honey, (three) the thick paste of dissolved jaggery and (four) dry fruits such as cashew nuts andalmonds”. Then with equal mastery over the situation and child psychology, as to how attract the babyby puzzling it with some simple arithmetic, she says, “You give me three things, namely, Iyal, Isai andNatakam of the Sanga Thamizh”! That is poetry, music and dance/drama of the authority of Tamilculture!”AruNagiri Natha in Thiruppugazh, in the very first song addressed to PiLLaiyar is saying, “kaithala niraikani appamodu aval pori...” meaning, ‘hands full of fruits, appam, aval (beaten rice), pori (poppedrice)...’ and so on. So also all the deities and other living beings and flora and fauna went to PiLLaiyarand sincerely prayed to Him, including Chandra!Chandra was sincere. He was genuinely repentant. PiLLaiyar listened to his plea with his big ears andobligingly pardoned him. He rescinded the curse that whosoever looks at the moon should besubjected to scandal and ridicule! He did not totally do what the gunners in the Artillery do and give acommand such as, ‘stop – cancel - last order!’ Once a word issues forth from his mouth, it can never gowaste completely. Pride in whatever form is to be abhorred. So, people should forever rememberthat being proud of your beauty, wealth, knowledge or anything for that matter, will lead to theirdownfall! So, I declare that on my birthday of sukla chathurthi every month, people are forbidden tosee the moon. From thirty days of the month, he reduced it to one day a month and that being achathurthi, the aim is for people to remember this incident and forsake pride!Having condoned the severity of the punishment, he gave some privileges to Chandra with love. Helifted him and put him on his head.Like Parameswara, AmbaL and Vigneswara too, have the crescent moon on their head as an ornament.For this PiLLaiyar has a name as Bhalachandran. Some people wrongly mention Balachandra, as in theirinterpretation that it is applicable to Vinayaka and or the crescent Moon, as Baala means a child orbaby. But this is wrong. Bhalachandran is the correct word as Bhaalam is the forehead. This is one ofthe 16 names of Gajanana, occurring in that sloka, that I quoted earlier, when talking about how hehelped his younger brother get married. Siva having the crescent moon on his head is calledPhaalachandra. Some people mistakenly use this word also for GaNesha.It is not great for Parameswara to have exhonerated Chandra, as it was only like a punishment metedout by a judge in the court! He misbehaved with his wedded wives, apologised and so lightly dealtwith. But, in the case of PiLLaiyar, it was a personal insult and affront. Despite that, PiLLaiyar wasprompt enough to excuse Chandra, when he apologised!
  25. 25. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 25 of 34If someone pays encomiums of praise for another, it is thecustom to pull that person’s leg by saying, “What is the meaningof your putting him on your head and dancing?” That is how youcarry the God’s idol or statue, when you take him around templepremises during festivals. PiLLaiyar carried Chandra literally onhis head and danced. That is how he got the name as, ‘nruttagaNapathy’ , the dancing PiLLaiyar! When you are looking at themoon, you will never feel like taking your eyes off. So also, onecan never be over satiated, looking at the endearing form andqualities of PiLLaiyar! So, for Chandra to find a place onPiLlaiyar’s head is like decorating the beautiful!He gave Chandra another feather in his cap! Normally for eachdeity, there is one ‘thithi’ (a day in the fortnight) that isimportant, during the waxing or waning moon. Murugan isrevered on Shashti, that is only Shukla Shashti and not during the waning moon fortnight. For Siva, it isthe fourteenth day before Amavasya, known as Masa Sivarathri. Rama Navami is always in the waxingninth and Krishna Ashtami is always in the waning eighth. AmbaaL’s special day is the PourNami of thefull moon. Only PiLLaiyar has both waxing and waning fourth days of Krishna and Sukhla Paktchachathurthi as important days / nights.He was born on Sukhla Chathurthi. We do not use the word ‘born’ for our gods as they are forever. Butwe use a word, ‘aavibhaavam’ to mean, ‘coming into being’ or manifestation! That is in the sukhla(waxing) chathurthi, when they keep ‘vratam’ every month. There is another chathurthi that is, thekrishNa chathurthi, known as ‘Sankata hara chathurthi’, when people should specially organize prayersaddressed towards PiLLaiyar, when we should also pray to Chandra with RohiNi, as per directions ofPiLLaiyar! Thereby even the special love that Chandra has for RohiNi over the other wives is alsoexcused!In Gokulashtami, when we offer special prayers to KrishNa, we are required to offer ‘argyam’ toChandra also! Later in our story, you will see that this special privilege is in difference to PiLLaiyar only,that Chandran is honoured thus, it seems.There is one more story. Rama was born in the Surya Vamsa, that is the family of the Sun and got thename of ‘Ravi Kula Thilaka’! Seeing this, the Moon was much saddened! He went and complained to SriRama, that he has been showing much favouritism and partiality to the Sun Dynasty! So Sri Ramapromised that in his next incarnation, he will take birth in the Chandra Vamsa! That is what he did inthe KrishNa Avatara. As an immediate sop for Chandra, he added his name to his own and got thename of Ramachandra published in the official gazette, as though!
  26. 26. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 26 of 34In the waning fourth ‘thithi’ thus, seeing of the moon which was banned has become a worshipfulactivity as Sankata Hara Chathurthi! In addition, if you happen to see the moon the previous evening,that is the third ‘thithi’ of ‘thrithiyai’, it is considered as so good that, all your other sins are alsoabsolved! In the Panchangam it will be marked as ‘Chandra Darshanam’! Thus, after PiLLaiyar softenedhis draconian curses into moderated blessings, Chandra restarted his daily orbit around the earth, toeveryone’s satisfaction.Having told KrishNa the story of how Chandra’s behaviour was moderated by Vigneswara, Narada said,“You happened to see the moon on a chathurthi, that too the most important one of BhadrapadaChathurthi at that! That is why you are finding yourself on the wrong end of the bargains repeatedly.So please do Maha GaNapathi Vratam and worship him!”Instead of thinking of PiLLaiyar to be only his nephew after all, KrishNa did the required pooja on bothKrishNa and Sukhla Paktcha Chathurthi, as per customs and traditions, without any let! If you think ofkeeping the vratam on one and leave the other, then during practice, one may miss one and keep theother and then a time may come when you skip both, as most of the aachara anushtaana-s arenowadays, going by default mostly, by most of the people! So let us say that KrishNa observed both thechathurthi vratam and was blessed to have the darshan of Vigneshwara! He told KrishNa, “Since youhave come in human form and living the life of a model ideal to be emulated, my curse seems to haveaffected you also! Now that you have shown the way out of the bind, your problems will vanish andyou will come out shining brilliantly like the moon coming out of the clouds!”, said the nephew to theuncle!KrishNa put up another request. His mind was always on ‘loka kshemam’, that is the welfare of theworld at large! Though temporarily his mind was possibly affected by the personal loss of name andfame, like the crystal clear water of a spring is ever so fleetingly turbid due to algae, it sprung back toits original clarity! He said, “Your darshan has cleared the confusion in my mind. It shows your big heartand liberal mindedness. It is not enough, if I am the only one benefitted by this series of incidents.Please be kind enough to say something for the benefit of the public at large!”It suited PiLLaiyar’s intention too. Earlier, in the context of Chandra, people of the world had beendebarred from looking at the Moon. As a counter to that, in the context of KrishNa, he wished togrant a boon to people in general! “Earlier I had said that, seeing the moon on sukhla chathurthi willentail much inconvenience, which can be got rid of by making amends only after seeing the‘moonraam pirai’ or the crescent moon on the third evening after new moon, that is the ‘thriteeyai’!That comes only after the passage of a month! Now I declare that whosoever hears the story ofSyamantaka MaNi and thereby are reminded of KrishNa and his experience, will get rid of the stigmaof seeing the crescent of the moon on the evening of the ‘waxing fourth’ and attain much relief andpeacefulness”!
  27. 27. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 27 of 34All that happens to Avataras will finally turn out to be good andbeneficial to people of the world, because the very purpose oftheir coming into being in this world is, ‘Loka KalyaN”! For gettingrid of negative publicity and the curse of seeing the fourth crescentof the moon, even if you are not able to reread the whole of thestory of Syamantaka MaNi, think of it in the mind. When KrishNawas play acting as though he was investigating the death ofPrasenan, Jambawathy revealed the whole story by that one slokaas a lullaby for her brother. We should at least chant that sloka.“simha: Prasenam avateet simho Jambawataa hata: lSukumaraka maa rodhee: tava hyesha Syamantaka: ll”While chanting it, we will automatically review the whole‘Upakhyanam’. The second line, though addressed to Sukumara the son of Jambawan, it sounds asthough telling us not to cry! We are also Sukumaras only, that means ‘good boys’! “The SyamantakaMaNi is for you only”, she says. We know that we have two gems of PiLLaiyar and KrishNa to bless us!This sloka can be included in formal pooja, as given in ‘vrata choodaamaNi Kalpam’.As blessed by PiLLaiyar, the scandal about KrishNa was erased in a few days. Dwaraka was affected bythe onset of bad times. Rains failed. Trade and commerce was badly affected. People were falling sickwith disease and poverty! Simultaneously in Kaasi, there was all round bounty of well being!Information was received that Akrura was there and doing a lot of social service, such as building oftemples, free food camps, free medical service and so on! When you put two and two together, youmake either 4 or 22! One could easily deduce that, Akrura and Syamantaka MaNi were together there!Omniscient Bhagwan KrishNa did not need the news papers or the support of Press Trust of India orReuters or any of the news channels of the Tele Vision! Still, as he was playacting as a human being, hesent some messengers to contact Akrura, with the following message. “Dear Sir! Without your augustpresence, Dwaraka is not a fraction of its past glory! So you must come back to Dwaraka, to be a friend,guide and philosopher of the Yadava community! It is alright, if the gem happens to be with you. Thatis not a problem at all! Instead of its being in the possession of anyone else, it is best to be in yourhands as a man of principles, high discipline and morality! (Though he had every right for the gem, he isshowing the least interest in it!) Satrajit, after all is no more. My elder brother has some doubts aboutme with regard to the Syamanthaka MaNi. Jambawathy could start doubting me about that gem. Inturn, SatyaBhama too may start wondering about my integrity! All these doubts can trickle down to thegeneral public of Dwaraka. So, it is best, if the gem happens to be in your hands. You can continue tohave it and in the bargain, I am sure the rainless drought conditions in Dwaraka will be removed if you
  28. 28. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 28 of 34come back with the gem! So, I sincerely wish and pray that you find it convenient to return to Dwarakaand that hopefully the gem is with you!”With sincere love and affection, the message also contains diplomacy! Though Akrura had someconfusion, since he is basically a devotee of KrishNa, the moment he got a call from him, heimmediately came back to Dwaraka and surrendered to Bhagawan. Though Bhagawan had told himthat he could keep the MaNi, all wealth belongs to that Lakshmipathi (husband of the Goddess ofwealth) only. Akrura was feeling very guilty about the whole series of incidents! So, he respectfullyoffered the Syamantaka MaNi to KrishNa, immediately on return to Dwaraka.But, KrishNa forcefully insisted that the gem should remain with Akrura only. He told him, “Please thinkthat I have given it to you! I should get rid of the doubt and suspicions about that gem and me, in theminds of all. I am especially concerned about getting back into my elder brothers good books! Then mymain interest area is the welfare of the people of Dwaraka! The influence of the gem will make animmediate effect in the social and economic well being of the country, I am sure!” Thus, he ensuredthat the gem remained with Akrura.As the founding father of Dwaraka, as the King maker who re-installed Ugrasena after deposing Kamsa,as a leader of Yadu Kula and so on, KrishNa had an important role to play in the public life of thatperiod. Such people have to live a life of exemplary cleanliness and transparency above all suspicions.In the case of a normal suspect, the crime has to be proved beyond reasonable doubt. In the case ofpublic figures, the onus to prove their innocence lies with them, as the famous idiom goes, “Caesar’swife must be above suspicion”! KrishNa took a lot of pains to maintain an above board record, free ofblemishes. Not that he was worried really. He was rather setting himself as a role model to beemulated!Part of that drama was the scarcity conditions that were obtaining in Dwaraka and subsequent periodof abundance, after the return of the gem! When the repository of all value as KrishNa was available, itis of little consequence as to where a stone or a gem is located! It was all part of his ‘Leela’, the Lord’swish and play. Akrura stayed in Dwaraka with the gem. Bad times hovering around Dwaraka slowly butsurely lifted, along with all the doubts about KrishNa’s name and reputation!Once Balarama came to know about that, he also returned to Dwaraka from Videha Rajyam. Heexpressed deep regrets for having doubted KrishNa’s integrity! KrishNa told him not to feel bad. “It isnone of your mistake at all”, he said. “The reason is that I happened to see the chathurthi Chandra, inthe month of Bhadrapada; which initiated all these events. But all that, has ended in underlining thepowerful influence of Vigneshwara and the need to take his protection only! It is all for the good!” Thisis the story of KrishNa worshipping PiLLaiyar!
  29. 29. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 29 of 34One great advantage experienced by the Tamilians who follow the Souramana Panchangam. For them,in the month of AvaNi, both Gokulashtami and PiLLaiyar Chathurthi, occur within a gap of 12 to 13days; celebrating the birth-day / Aavirbhaavam of both KrishNa and PiLLaiyar. For others, Gokulashtamioccurs in the month of SravaNa and Vinayaka Chathurthi in Bhadrapada!The special vegetable of AvaNi is the VeLLarikkai, the cucumber! This is the only vegetable which doesnot become over ripe and can be eaten raw without cooking. It is a vegetable truly indigenous andendemic to South India! Moreover, it is the most ‘saatvic’ of all vegetables! Like both KrishNa andPiLLaiyar won over people’s minds for thousands of generations by their endearing childhood pranksand exploits; the ‘veLLari pinju’ the baby of this vegetable, should be offered to these Gods in theirpooja and partaken! They will bless us with wisdom through this raw vegetable!Thus PiLLaiyar, other than being from the ‘big place’ of highly connectedness, has proved himself to bethe elder to his own Father, Mother, Younger brother anyhow and Uncle; on various occasions! Theyhave all (Parameswara, AmbaL, SubrahmaNya and Sri Rama,) worshipped him for removal of obstaclesand Sri KrishNa has prayed to him for erasing innuendo and safe guarding his reputation! Let us alsomake him our constant companion, as a Baby God to be cherished, for removal of all the obstacles inthe path of our lives too and for the wisdom of understanding that He can endow!Original Tamil version available at: http://www.kamakoti.org/tamil/part4kural18.htm
  30. 30. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 30 of 34ConclusionWe conclude this E-book with a nice poem by Shri K. Chandrasekaran, Musiri.Source: Maha Periyavaal Darisana Anubhavangal (Tamil) - Volume 5ஸ்ரீ பரமாச்சாரியார் திருப்பள்ளி எழுச்சி1. பபொழுது புலர்ந்தது புள்ளினம் பொடிற்றுபதொழுது நின்றனர் ததவரும் முனிவரும் !விழுக வில்லலதயொ ஓலைகள் நும்பைவியில்எழுக எழுகதவ, யதிதய எழுகதவ !2. மக்கலள உய்விக்க மகொனொய் வந்தமகொலக்ஷ்மி வயிற்றுதித்த மகதவ எழுகதவ !விழுப்புரம் தந்த ஒப்பரும் வள்ளதலபபொழுது புலர்ந்தது புனலொட எழுகதவ !3. பிறவிச் சுழலில் பரிதவிப் பவலரத்துறவிக் தகொலத் தொட்பகொண்ட பதப்பதம !சுப்பிர மணியரின் சுததன தவதமஅப்பிய கொரிருள் அகன்ற பதழுகதவ !4. ஜகத்குரு பிறப்பொல் ஜயவருடம் ைிறந்ததுஉகந்தநொள் ஆனது லவகொைி அனுஷம் !ஞொனகுரு ததொன்றிய ஞொயிறும் பபொலிந்ததுதீனலரக் கொத்திடத் துயில்கலளந் பதழுகதவ!5. பிஞ்சுப் பருவத்தில் பதின்மூன்று வயதில்கொஞ்ைிலய யடுத்த கலலவயில் துறதவற்றைொமி நொததர, ைந்திர தைகரரொய்பூமியில் அருளட்ைி புரிந்தவதர எழுகதவ !6. கரும்பு வில்தலந்தி, கண்களில் கருலணஅரும்பும் கொமொட்ைி அரைொளும் கொஞ்ைியில்அறுபத் பதட்டொம் ஆச்ைொர்ய ஸ்வொமிகளொய்பபொறுப்தபற் றவதர பள்ளி எழுகதவ !
  31. 31. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 31 of 347. ைித்தன்ன வொைலில் ைிவலிங்க உருவங்கள்எத்தலனதயொ கொலமொய் எவருக்கும் பதரியொமல்நீரடியில் கிடக்க, நீலர இலறப்பித்துபொரறியச் பைய்தவதர பள்ளி எழுகதவ !8. வற்றிய தமனியில் வற்றொ அருட்பபருக்கொய்,முற்றிய ஞொனத்தில் தமருவொய், தன்லனப்பற்றிய பக்தர்க்குப் பொர்த்த மொத்திரத்தில்பவற்றி யளித்திடும் விமலதர எழுகதவ !9. கண்ணில் கருலணயும் லகயில் தண்டுமொய்மண்ணில் நடகொடி மொதவம் தமற்பகொண்டுநுண்ணிய அருளுலரகள் நொளும் வழங்கிப்புண்ணியம் பபருக்கிய பபரியவதர எழுகதவ !10. வ ீட்டுப் பற்லற தவதரொ டறுத்தும்நொட்டுப் பற்றொல் நொளும் கதருடுத்திஒருபிடி அவலல உணவொய் அருந்திஒருநூ றொண்டுகள் வொழ்ந்தவதர எழுகதவ !11. இரகுரொமன் திருப்பபயலர எழுதுதவொர் தம்லமபவகுமொக ஊக்குவித்தீர் பவள்ளிக்கொ ைளித்து!தகுதியுலடப் புலவர்க்குத் தங்கமும் பணமுடிப்பும்மிகுதியொய் வழங்கிய மலழமுகிதல எழுகதவ !12. பகொல்லப் படுகின்ற தகொக்கலளப் தபணுதற்குநல்ல பகொட்டில்கள் நொபடங்கும் அலமத்தவதரதளர்ந்த வயதிலும் திருவடியொல் மண்லணஅளந்த அருட்சுடதர அதிகொலல எழுகதவ !13. தபொட்டிகள் நடத்திப் பொலவப் பொடல்கலளநொட்டில் பரப்பின ீர் நற்றமிழ் வளரதவ !பட்டொலட பநய்யப் புழுக்கலளக் பகொல்வதொல்கட்டொதீர் என்றவதர கருலணகூர்ந் பதழுகதவ !
  32. 32. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 32 of 3414. வரதட் ைிலணலய வொங்குதவொர் அலழப்பிதழில்குருவரு ளொபலனக் குறிப்பிடொ தீபரன்றுமறுப்பு பவளியிட்டு மகளிர் நலனில்பபொறுப்புடன் பையற்பட்ட பபருந்தலகதய எழுகதவ!15. நலிந்த மொந்தர்கள் நலம்பபற தவண்டிபமலிந்த தமனிலய தமன்தமலும் வருத்தி,கனகொபி தஷகங்கள் குவலயத்தொர் பைய்தொலும்தனக்தகதும் பகொள்ளொதத் தூயவதர எழுகதவ !16. தவத தர்மபரி பொலன ைலபயும்தவத ரக்ஷண நிதியும் ஏற்படுத்திஆகம ைில்பைதஸ் ஆங்கொங்கு நடத்தியொகங்கள் வளர்த்த தயொகிதய எழுகதவ !17. விடிபவள்ளி எழுந்தது தவதம் முழுங்குது,அடியவர் குழுமினர் அருளுலர தகட்க!பைடிகள் பூத்தன ைிரைில் நீர்சூடபடித்துலறயில் நீரொடப் பகலவன்தபொல் எழுகதவ !18. எவலரத் பதொழுததத்தி யொதன ப்ரம்மபமன்றும்புவனங்க ள ீதரழும் பபொய்யொன ததொற்றபமன்றும்ைிவதன யொபனன்றும் ைிந்லத பதளிந்தததனொஅவலரத் துயிபலழுப்ப ஆதவனும் எழுந்தொதன!19. பொல சூரியன்தபொல் பதின்மூன்று வயதில்ஞொலம் உயர்வுற ஞொனப் பயிர்வளர்த்தீர்கொலம் ஒருமூன்றும் கடந்து நிற்பவதரதூல உருமீண்டும் துலங்குமொ பறழுகதவ!20. விஞ்ஞொன வைதிகள் வொகனங்கள் யொவும்நஞ்ைொக நிலனத்து நடந்தத பயணித்துஅஞ்ஞொன விருளில் அல்லற் படுதவொர்க்குபமய்ஞொன பவொளியொக மிளிர்ந்தவதர எழுகதவ!
  33. 33. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 33 of 3421. வரதவண்டும் குருதவ லவயகம் தலழத்திடதரதவண்டும் நல்லுலரகள் பதய்வத்தின் குரலொகபதொழதவண்டும் நொங்கள் தங்கள் திருவடிலயஎழதவண்டும் தொங்கள் இவ்தவலழக் கருளதவ!22. குருவருட் கவியொம் ைந்திர தைகரன்கருலணக் கடலொம் கொஞ்ைிப் பபரியவலரத்திருப்பள்ளி எழுச்ைியொல் துதித்ததன் இலதப்படித்ததொர்விருப்பங்கள் கூடுதம, வருத்தங்கள் தீருதம!
  34. 34. © Copyrights reserved Kanchi Paramacharya Community - www.facebook.com/KanchiParamacharya Page 34 of 34AcknowledgementsWe gratefully acknowledge the following books, blogs and websites which contained relevantinformation for compiling this E-book on the Story of ‘Syamantaka Mani’ narrated by Sri KanchiMahaswami.1. http://kamakoti.org/2. http://advaitham.blogspot.in/3. Maha Periyavaal Darisana Anubhavangal (Tamil) published by Vaanathi PadhippahamJaya Jaya Shankara, Hara Hara Shankara!

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