(Micrologix 1000) &
What is AUTOMATION
• Making products under the control of computers and
programmable controllers is known as automation.
• Manufacturing assembly lines as well as stand alone machine
tools and robotic devices fall into this category.
• It is delegation of human control functions to technical
equipment for increasing the productivity, quality, and increasing
the safety in working conditions thereby reducing the manpower
• Now a days, every small and large industry employ automation.
• In manual control, an operator periodically reads the process and
adjusts the input accordingly. Quite hectic!
• In automation control, measurements and adjustments are done
automatically on a continuous basis. Quite convenient!
Types of Control Systems used in
• PID controller based control system
• PLC based control system
• DCS based control system
• PC based control system
PLC(Programmable Logic Controller)
• It is microprocessor based solid state/industrial computer that
perform discrete or sequential logic.
• It was developed to replace mechanical relays, timers, counters.
• The early PLC’s were used to reduce the changeover time,
• The PLC programming procedures replaced the rewiring a panel
full of wires, relays, timers, counters etc.
• Reliability in operation.
• Flexibility in control and programming techniques.
• Online offline modifications.
• Small physical size, shorter project time.
• In house simulation and testing of project.
• Speed of operation.
• Ease of maintenance and troubleshooting.
• Ability to communicate and networking with computer system in plant.
• Documentation and security.
• Designed to work in all types of industrial conditions.
• Source mode: +ve supply is given to the PLC.
• Sink mode: -ve supply is given to the PLC.
• The sink and source modes mainly define the way in which the I/O is connected to the I/O of
PROGRAMMING the PLC
• Programming language used: LADDER language( ladder 2).The
programming can be done with simple contacts that simulate the
opening and closing of relays, counters, timers, shift registers
and other math operations.
ADDRESSING FORMAT : Identifier: slot address(if any).word address/bit
DATA FILES: micrologix 1000 contain the status information associated with
the external I/O and all other instructions we use in our main and
subroutine ladder program files.
These files are organized by the type of data they contain. Data file types
OTHER IMPORTANT INSTRUCTIONS
• Material Handling
• Packaging Applications
• General Industrial Machinery
• Food and Beverage
• WaterWastewater / SCADA
• Clutch/Brake control
• Position Control - Pick-and-place / Conveyor
• Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition
• It is a software through which we can create visualization of any
• Earlier, PLC’s were programmed, download the program in it and
it used to run for years
• The problem- no one knew what’s happening inside the PLC.
• Solution= PLC+SCADA
• It is the address of the memory location where signals are being saved.
• We define aTAG in order to use it in the SCADA software(Intouch
• TYPES : 1) Analog 2) Digital 3) Strings
• These are further associated with either “Memory” or “I/O” type tags.
• PC-SCADA – Memory analog/digital/string tag
• PLC-SCADA - I/O analog/digital/string tag
FEATURES OF SCADA
• Dynamic process graphic
• Database connectivity
• Real time trend and historical trend view
• Device connectivity