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free (or libre) knowledge: text, data, maps // software freedom day 2013 // delhi // 21.09.2013


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Slides from the presentation made at the Software Freedom Day celebration event in Delhi, organised by Software Freedom Law Centre [], on 21st September 2013.

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free (or libre) knowledge: text, data, maps // software freedom day 2013 // delhi // 21.09.2013

  1. 1. Free (or Libre) Knowledge: Text, Data, Maps Sumandro Chattapadhyay The Sarai Programme, CSDS HasGeek Media LLP @ajantriks
  2. 2. Free (or Libre) Knowledge / Free as in *freedom* ... / ... and maybe also as in *lunch* / Freedom to study knowledge / Freedom to use knowledge / Freedom to share knowledge / Freedom to create derivative knowledge and share that
  3. 3. The Digital Questions / What happens when marginal cost of copying knowledge is not minimal? / Can only digital knowledge be free? / Are digital platforms free enough? / What's the value of free but inaccessible or difficult to use knowledge?
  4. 4. Free (or Libre) Knowledge: Text / Budapest Open Access Initiative / Open Access – Gratis and Libre / Open Access – Green and Gold / BioMed Central, PubMed Central, PLOS / DOAJ, OpenDOAR / IAS, Shodhganga, and ICAR / Open Education Resources
  5. 5. Free (or Libre) Knowledge: Budapest OA Initiative “An old tradition and a new technology have converged to make possible an unprecedented public good. The old tradition is the willingness of scientists and scholars to publish the fruits of their research in scholarly journals without payment, for the sake of inquiry and knowledge. The new technology is the internet. By "open access" to this literature, we mean its free availability on the public Internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the Internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited.”
  6. 6. Free (or Libre) Knowledge: Guerilla OA Manifesto “Information is power. But like all power, there are those who want to keep it for themselves. The world's entire scientific and cultural heritage, published over centuries in books and journals, is increasingly being digitized and locked up by a handful of private corporations. There is no justice in following unjust laws. It's time to come into the light and, in the grand tradition of civil disobedience, declare our opposition to this private theft of public culture. We need to take information, wherever it is stored, make our copies and share them with the world... We need to download scientific journals and upload them to file sharing networks. We need to fight for Guerilla Open Access.” / Aaron Swartz, July 2008
  7. 7. Open Access to Free Knowledge: Data / The techno-political pressure groups for open government data – Tim O'Reilly et al in USA, and Tim Berners-Lee and Nigel Shadbolt in UK. / The eight principles of open data / Open Definition / Government data portals – USA, UK, etc. / National Data Sharing and Accessibility Policy and <> / Michael Gurstein: “empowering the empowered?”
  8. 8. Open Access to Free Knowledge: 8 Principles of OGD / Data Must Be Complete / Data Must Be Primary / Data Must Be Timely / Data Must Be Accessible / Data Must Be Machine processable / Access Must Be Non-Discriminatory / Data Formats Must Be Non-Proprietary / Data Must Be License-free / Compliance must be reviewable
  9. 9. Open Access to Free Knowledge: Open Definition A work is open if its manner of distribution satisfies the following conditions: / Access / Redistribution / Reuse / Absence of technological restriction / Attribution / Integrity / No discrimination against persons or groups / No discrimination against fields of endeavour / Distribution of license / License must not be specific to a package / License must not restrict the distribution of other works
  10. 10. Open Access to Free Knowledge: <>
  11. 11. Open Access to Free Knowledge: <>
  12. 12. Open Access to Free Knowledge: <>
  13. 13. Open Access to Free Knowledge: Maps / Collecting / Editing / Contributing / Using / Re-using / Open Street Map
  14. 14. Open Access to Free Knowledge: Open Street Map
  15. 15. Open Access to Free Knowledge: Open Street Map
  16. 16. Thanks a lot! Sumandro Chattapadhyay The Sarai Programme, CSDS HasGeek Media LLP @ajantriks