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Grammatical competence is the ability to understand and express meaning by producing and recognising well-formed phrases and sentences.
Elements Processes classesmorphs (descriptive)morphemes- nominalisation *openroots and Structures affixation wordaffixes Categories suppletion classeswords number compoun gradation case, d and transposition *closed gender complex transformation word classes words
Shows only Maintains limited control of Uses some consistent a few simple simplegrammatical grammatical structures control of structures correctly complex language Uses *high degree reasonablyof grammatical accurately a accuracy repertoire of frequently used *Good ‘routines’ grammatical Shows a relatively control high degree of grammatical control
Deals with the internal organisation of words Words may be classified intoclassed as*roots, or simple complex compoundstems; words words* affixes words(prefixes, containing *root only *rootsuffixes, infixes) more than • Six *affixes, one root, • tree, *unbrokenly for example *break *sixes evening dress
irregular zero • vowel consonant forms formsalteration modification bring/bro suppletion sheep/shsing/sang lend/lent ught, go/went eep, catch cut/cut
categories, elements classes The ability to organise sentences to convey structures meaning is a central aspect processes and of communicative relations involved, competence. often presented in the form of a set of rules