SlideShare a Scribd company logo
1 of 23
CONTENTS
-Intro to trade unions
-Features of trade unions
-What do trade unions do?
-Objectives of trade unions
-How trade unions are financed
-How trade unions recruits its members
-Why employees join trade unions
-Functions of trade unions
-Trade union structure
-Weakness/challenges/problems facing trade unions
-Measures to strengthen trade unions
-Advantages of trade unions to workers, employees and society
-Criticism of trade union by employers
A Trade union is an association of workers formed to protect the interest of workers.
-it is an instrument of defense against exploitation( i.e. help in protection of labor rights)
The most common purpose of trade union association is maintaining or improving the
conditions of employment at work place such as ensuring safety standards, right to paid
leave, right to be protected on unfair termination of employment , right to equality on
working organization
The trade union through its leadership bargains with the employer on behalf of union
members and negotiates labour contracts.
Trade union association can exist in three forms
i. Employer and employees
ii. Employer and employer
iii. Employees and employees
1.Trade unions are voluntary association of either employees or
employer or independent worker.
2.Trade union achieve its objectives through collective action and
group efforts. Negotiation and collective bargaining are the tools for
completing objectives
3.It is formed to protect all kinds of interest, i.e. economic, social and
political of its members but the major one is economic interest.
4.Trade union are adaptable to the changing socio economic, legal,
political environment
5.Trade union are designed to eliminate the exploitation of workers
through workers participation in the management
The main service that a union provides for its members is negotiation and
representing but there are also other functions. All of these functions can be
explained below
1.NEGOTIATIONS( COLLECTIVE BARGAINING)
Negotiation is where union representatives discuss with the management on
issues that affect people working in the organization.
The union finds out the members view and relay these views to the
management.
There may be difference of opinion between management and union
members, negotiation is about finding a solution to these differences.
2.REPRESENTATION
Trade unions represents individuals members when they have a problem at
work. Example if employees feel they are being unfairly treated, the union
representative can sort out the problem with the management, if the problem
can not be solved by the employer himself then it will be solved on the court
3.INFORMATION AND ADVICE
Trade unions have wealth of information which is useful to people at work.
They can advise on range of issues such as how much pay one is entitled to get
on maternity leave, how much holiday one is entitled to get each year, how to
obtain training at work
4.MEMBER SERVICES
Trade unions offers range of services to its members. It includes the following
i. Education and training.
Most unions run training courses for their members . The training relates
mostly on employment rights, health and safety.
ii. Legal assistance
Trade union offers legal assistance on employment issues, some unions even
give help on personal matters like housing, wills and debts
iii. Financial discounts
People can get discounts on mortgages, insurance and loans form unions
iv. Welfare benefits
Trade unions also look after members who hit hard times, example; some
unions offer financial help to their members when they are sick
There are two main ways in which trade unions are financed
1.SUBSCRIPTION FEES
Each trade union member pays a subscription fee, the amount differs among
unions and it is normally set at different levels according to the amount people
earn. This is a major source of trade union’s finance
In exchange for subscription fees, members receive benefits of representation,
negotiation , protection and other service from their union. The subscription
fee may be direct deducted from employees salary and must be paid
periodically
2.DONATIONS, GRANTS OFFERED TO THE TRADE UNIONS
This is a secondary source of finance, its is not obtained periodically and it is
not an obligation for individuals who provide donations, Companies or
wealthy individuals who have trust on the trade union activities may provide
donations to support trade union activities. Obtaining donations highly
depends on trade union reputation and the nature of its activities.
Individuals are recruited in unions through the following ways
1.Most people find out about trade unions by talking to colleagues at the
workplace and then make direct contact with the union.
2.Some people are contacted by union representative who give them
information about the union and tells them how to join
3.Some employers and personal officers tell employees about the union when
they start working for the organization.
1.GREATER BARGAINING POWER
Employees normally posses very little bargaining power as compared to that of
employer, With trade unions, employees are united, the employees bargaining
power can be enhanced through negotiation of their needs by their leader.
2.MINIMIZING DISCRIMINATION
Discrimination exist in working environment. Some subordinates may be
treated fairly while others unfair due to the relationship. The relationships
existing between the supervisors and each of his subordinates may influence
decisions regarding pay, promotion, transfer. With trade unions these things
can be reduced or eliminated.
3.SENSE OF SECURITY
Some employees join trade unions believing that it is an effective way to
secure adequate protection from various types of hazards and overcome
insecurity such as accident, injury, illness, unemployment
Example: protection of unfair termination of employment, proper remedy to
be given incase of injury ( lets say an employee cuts his hand during machine
operation at work place,)
4.SENSE OF PARTICIPATION
The employees can participate in management on matters affecting their
interests only if they join trade unions. They can influence decisions that are
taken as a result of collective bargaining between the union and the
management
5.SENSE OF BELONGINGNESS
Those who are members feel that they gain respect in the eyes of their fellow
workers. They can also discuss their problems with trade union leaders
6.PLATFORM FOR SELF EXPRESSION
A trade union provides such a forum where the feelings, ideas and opinions of
the workers could be discussed
7.BETTERMENT OF RELATIONSHIP
Employees join trade unions as they believe trade unions can fulfill the
important need of ensuring proper maintenance of employer-employee
relationship.
Unions help to ensure good industrial relations among management and
workers by solving problems peacefully.
Trade unions performs a number of functions in order to achieve the
objectives. These functions can be broadly classified into four categories
i. Militant(revolutionary) functions
ii. Fraternal functions
iii. Social functions
iv. Political functions
MILITANT(REVOLUTIONARY) FUNCTIONS
1.To achieve higher wages and better working conditions
2.To protect labour against injustice and victimization
3.To raise the status of workers as part of industry
FRATERNAL FUNCTIONS
1.To provide opportunity for promotion and growth
2.To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers.
3.To generate self confidence among workers
4.To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers
SOCIAL FUNCTIONS
1.To promote schemes and procedure for addressing grievances among
members
2.Provision of education among members
3.Publication of union documents such as newsletters or magazines for
establishing communication with their members
Trade unions are democratic organizations which are accountable to their
members for their policies and actions.
Unions are normally modeled on the following structure.
1.MEMBERS
People who pay a subscription to belong on a certain union
2.SHOP STEWARDS( UNION REPRESENTATIVES)
Union representatives are elected by members of the union to represent them
to the management.
3.BRANCHES
Branches support union members in different organizations locally. There is
usually a branch secretary who is elected by local members.
4.DISTRICT/REGIONAL OFFICES
These are usually staffed by fulltime union officials. Union officials are people
who are paid to offer advice and support to union members locally.
5.A NATION OFFICE.
These are unions headquarters which offers support to union members and negotiates
or campaigns for improvement to their working conditions. At the top of organization
there is usually general secretary who is elected by union members
1.Better wages by Improving employees pay and other benefits such as holiday
entitlements.
2.Better working conditions. Example ,Securing improvements in employees
working conditions including hours of work. and health safety at work,
improving pensions and industry injury benefits.
3.Social welfare, providing improved standard of living
4.Safeguard the interest of employees by Encouraging firm to increase worker
participation in decision making
5.To prevent employees from employer’s exploitation. This can done by
defending employees rights and jobs. Employees rights are normally expressed
in labour relation act that differs from one country to another.
6.Organizational growth and stability. With trade union on place strikes can
be avoided thus resulting stability and growth of the firm.
1.UNEVEN GROWTH
There is uneven growth in trade unionism. Trade union activities are only
concentrated in few states and bigger industrial centers only.
2.LIMITED MEMBERSHIP
Not all people join trade unions. Many trade unions exist in different countries
but there is declining membership per union. This because individuals feels
that the unions do not meet their member’s needs, hence results to number of
employees who are not member of any union
3.FINANCIAL PROBLEMS
Financial position of trade union is weak since the average yearly income is
low and inadequate. Things such as subscription rates are very low and
sometimes they remain unpaid by their members.
Funds of the union are inadequate and they cannot take welfare programs for
their members effectively.
4.MULTIPLICITY OF UNIONS(PRESENCE OF MULTIPLE UNIONS IN
SAME FIELD)
There is an existence of multiple trade unions in the same field. There is no
restriction on the numbers of unions to be registered in one establishment.
The law permit a small number of people to form trade unions. Eg according
to trade unions act 2004 of Tanzania, 2o employees can form a trade union.
Due to this it results to the formation multiple unions in large amount
5.INDIFFERENT ALTITUDE OF WORKERS
In many countries, large number of workers have not joined trade unions and
normally employers discourage trade unions.
Also not all members on the union show interest in the affairs of the union.
For example some people may have poor attendance of union’s general
meetings, under such circumstance trade unionism cannot be expected to
make progress due to lack of unity.
6.POOR LEADERSHIP OF UNION LEADERS
Sometimes trade unions are led by people who are not workers but outsiders.
Outsiders may include politicians, intellectuals who have no experience of
work industry. Normally outsiders focus on their personal interests rather
union interests.
7.ILLETERACY OF SOME WORKERS
Some works fail to understand the impact of trade unionism
due to their lack of education
8.UNION RIVALRY
These are suggestion/measure to be taken for healthily growth of unionism
1.ONE UNION IN ONE INDUSTRY(MAINTAINING UNITY)
Having multiple union in the same industry lead to inter union rivalry that
ultimately cuts trade union movements, it weakens the power for collective
bargaining. There fore there should be one union only in one industry.
The presence of one union only will help to have one policy, one program, one
objective, one method of labour movements.
2.DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP FROM WITHIN
Leaders of the union must be within the industry of workers and not outside.
Outside leadership is one of the main cause for multiple problems of trade
unions and that can only be eliminated if leaders come from within.
3.PAID UNION OFFICIALS
Individuals who specifically work for the union should be employed and must
be paid well. These union officials must be individuals of proven integrity and
who are able to evaluate the demands of workers so that they may negotiate
with employers on equal terms.
4.IMPROVED FINANCIAL CONDITIONS
Financial position of union is weak and must be improved through ensuring
payments of member subscription and finding donations for the union.
5.RECOGNITION OF TRADE UNIONS
Trade union must be recognized and be registered under the trade unions act
in order to secure the union and ensuring its safely. If a union is registered it
enjoys the rights of the registered trade unions as per the trade unions act.
If it not registered then it is not subjected to the rights of a registered trade
union.
6.IMPROVING WORKERS EDUCATION
It is the responsibility of trade unions to make workers realize their
responsibilities and ensure discipline in them to perform their job satisfactory
7.IMPROVING WELFARE ACTIVITIES FOR WORKERS IN UNION
Welfare activities efforts make the workers loyal to the union. Example
provision of day school for children, night for adults, opening libraries,gyms.
1.It promote unity
2.It ensures improvement in working conditions and provision for better
welfare facilities
3.Spirit of self reliance and self respect
4.Uniform wages
5.Change in employer’s altitude
1.Dispute can be avoided or may be solved politely
2.It results to industrial peace
3.Framing healthly labour policies. It reduces chance of
industrial dispute in future
1.Gain sympathy of general public(in crisis)
2.Propose to the government( to enact labour policies to protect
and develop labour force of the country in a better way
3.It helps in development of industrial economy by maintaining
good industrial relations, thus it will results in higher and better
production at lower cost
1.LACK OF EDUCATION
Lack of education makes workers narrow minded and prevent them to
understand long-term views.
For workers anything that does not results in an immediate rewards becomes
unattractive to them even if it is important for their own benefits also.
2.UNIONS MAY NOT WELCOME CHANGES
Unions may not welcome changes for productivity methods for the fear that
some of the workers will loose their jobs. Therefore they slowdown industrial
progress.
3.STRIKES ON ILLOGICAL BASIS
Sometimes unions strikes on illogical bases/grounds and causes losses to
producers, community and the nation. Workers also suffers because of their
loss in salaries due to strikes
4.CREATION OF ARTIFICIAL SCARCITY OF LABOURS
Trade union creates artificial scarcity of labour by demanding that only union
personnel should be employed
5.Undue demands relating to wages.

More Related Content

What's hot

Industrial relations & concept and approaches
Industrial relations & concept and approachesIndustrial relations & concept and approaches
Industrial relations & concept and approaches
jpbbk
 
Workers’ participation in management
Workers’ participation in managementWorkers’ participation in management
Workers’ participation in management
shyamasundar Tripathy
 

What's hot (20)

Labour legislations
Labour legislations Labour legislations
Labour legislations
 
Trade unionism
Trade unionismTrade unionism
Trade unionism
 
Industrial relation
Industrial relationIndustrial relation
Industrial relation
 
Labour welfare
Labour welfareLabour welfare
Labour welfare
 
Wage differentials (compensating Differentials)
Wage differentials (compensating Differentials)Wage differentials (compensating Differentials)
Wage differentials (compensating Differentials)
 
Wage differntial
Wage differntialWage differntial
Wage differntial
 
Industrial dispute
Industrial disputeIndustrial dispute
Industrial dispute
 
Introduction to Industrial Relations
Introduction to Industrial RelationsIntroduction to Industrial Relations
Introduction to Industrial Relations
 
Workers participation in management
Workers participation in management Workers participation in management
Workers participation in management
 
Industrial relations & concept and approaches
Industrial relations & concept and approachesIndustrial relations & concept and approaches
Industrial relations & concept and approaches
 
Workers’ participation in management
Workers’ participation in managementWorkers’ participation in management
Workers’ participation in management
 
Industrial disputes and settlements
Industrial disputes  and settlementsIndustrial disputes  and settlements
Industrial disputes and settlements
 
Trade union
Trade unionTrade union
Trade union
 
Trade union act, 1926
Trade union act, 1926Trade union act, 1926
Trade union act, 1926
 
Trade union
Trade unionTrade union
Trade union
 
Trade union movement
Trade union movementTrade union movement
Trade union movement
 
Industrial relationship and trade union
Industrial relationship and trade unionIndustrial relationship and trade union
Industrial relationship and trade union
 
Trade union act, 1926
Trade union act, 1926Trade union act, 1926
Trade union act, 1926
 
Labour administration
Labour administrationLabour administration
Labour administration
 
Labour legislation
Labour legislationLabour legislation
Labour legislation
 

Viewers also liked (17)

Adl 09-human-resource-management
Adl 09-human-resource-managementAdl 09-human-resource-management
Adl 09-human-resource-management
 
Labour law case solutions
Labour law case solutionsLabour law case solutions
Labour law case solutions
 
Adjudication
AdjudicationAdjudication
Adjudication
 
Unit 14
Unit 14Unit 14
Unit 14
 
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance TheoryCognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
 
Q3L04 - Cognitive Dissonance
Q3L04 - Cognitive DissonanceQ3L04 - Cognitive Dissonance
Q3L04 - Cognitive Dissonance
 
Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive DissonanceCognitive Dissonance
Cognitive Dissonance
 
Cognitive dissonance topic 5 presentation
Cognitive dissonance topic 5 presentationCognitive dissonance topic 5 presentation
Cognitive dissonance topic 5 presentation
 
Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive Dissonance Cognitive Dissonance
Cognitive Dissonance
 
Advertising
AdvertisingAdvertising
Advertising
 
HIndustan Unilever Project(Final)
HIndustan Unilever Project(Final)HIndustan Unilever Project(Final)
HIndustan Unilever Project(Final)
 
Conciliation
ConciliationConciliation
Conciliation
 
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance TheoryCognitive Dissonance Theory
Cognitive Dissonance Theory
 
Cognitive dissonance theory
Cognitive dissonance theoryCognitive dissonance theory
Cognitive dissonance theory
 
case study of Philips india
case study of Philips indiacase study of Philips india
case study of Philips india
 
Organizational Development Interventions
Organizational Development InterventionsOrganizational Development Interventions
Organizational Development Interventions
 
Trade Union ppt
Trade Union pptTrade Union ppt
Trade Union ppt
 

Similar to Trade unions: objectives, challenges, advantages,features,financing,recruitment

Trade unions
Trade unionsTrade unions
Trade unions
Bibin Ssb
 
Definition of trade union
Definition of trade unionDefinition of trade union
Definition of trade union
Vamshi Kumar
 
Trade unions
Trade unionsTrade unions
Trade unions
Mfaume
 

Similar to Trade unions: objectives, challenges, advantages,features,financing,recruitment (20)

tradeunions-160318123449.pptx
tradeunions-160318123449.pptxtradeunions-160318123449.pptx
tradeunions-160318123449.pptx
 
UNIT I-PART II.pptx
UNIT I-PART II.pptxUNIT I-PART II.pptx
UNIT I-PART II.pptx
 
Trade Union.ppt
Trade Union.pptTrade Union.ppt
Trade Union.ppt
 
The relevance of joint unions and allied bodies in hospital community
The relevance of joint unions and allied bodies in hospital communityThe relevance of joint unions and allied bodies in hospital community
The relevance of joint unions and allied bodies in hospital community
 
Trade union In Bangladesh
Trade union In BangladeshTrade union In Bangladesh
Trade union In Bangladesh
 
Trade unions
Trade unionsTrade unions
Trade unions
 
9 industrial relations gm & tu
9 industrial relations  gm & tu9 industrial relations  gm & tu
9 industrial relations gm & tu
 
tradeunion-110816145805-phpapp02.pdf
tradeunion-110816145805-phpapp02.pdftradeunion-110816145805-phpapp02.pdf
tradeunion-110816145805-phpapp02.pdf
 
trade union in indian context
trade union in indian contexttrade union in indian context
trade union in indian context
 
Definition of trade union
Definition of trade unionDefinition of trade union
Definition of trade union
 
trade union
trade uniontrade union
trade union
 
Collective bargaining in nursing management.pptx
Collective bargaining in nursing management.pptxCollective bargaining in nursing management.pptx
Collective bargaining in nursing management.pptx
 
An Assignment on Trade union.
An Assignment on Trade union.An Assignment on Trade union.
An Assignment on Trade union.
 
trade unions
 trade unions trade unions
trade unions
 
Trade unions
Trade unionsTrade unions
Trade unions
 
The effect of trade union presentation (1).pptx
The effect of trade union presentation (1).pptxThe effect of trade union presentation (1).pptx
The effect of trade union presentation (1).pptx
 
Banning of trade unions will be beneficial in growth of the economy
Banning of trade unions will be beneficial in growth of the economyBanning of trade unions will be beneficial in growth of the economy
Banning of trade unions will be beneficial in growth of the economy
 
Assignment 5 informational banner
Assignment 5  informational bannerAssignment 5  informational banner
Assignment 5 informational banner
 
employeewelfare-131104002529-phpapp02.pdf
employeewelfare-131104002529-phpapp02.pdfemployeewelfare-131104002529-phpapp02.pdf
employeewelfare-131104002529-phpapp02.pdf
 
Trade union
Trade unionTrade union
Trade union
 

More from Suleyman Ally

Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
Suleyman Ally
 

More from Suleyman Ally (20)

Financial Accounting - How to determine a credit or debit entry
Financial Accounting - How to determine a credit or debit entryFinancial Accounting - How to determine a credit or debit entry
Financial Accounting - How to determine a credit or debit entry
 
Market structure
Market structureMarket structure
Market structure
 
Entrepreneurial mind set
Entrepreneurial mind setEntrepreneurial mind set
Entrepreneurial mind set
 
Comparison of traditional managers, entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs
Comparison of traditional managers, entrepreneurs and intrapreneursComparison of traditional managers, entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs
Comparison of traditional managers, entrepreneurs and intrapreneurs
 
Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
Corporate and intraprenurial culture (corporate vs intrapreneurial culture)
 
Managerial versus entrepreneurial decision making
Managerial versus entrepreneurial decision makingManagerial versus entrepreneurial decision making
Managerial versus entrepreneurial decision making
 
Michael porter's five force model ( porter's competitive enviroment analysis)
Michael porter's five force model ( porter's competitive enviroment analysis)Michael porter's five force model ( porter's competitive enviroment analysis)
Michael porter's five force model ( porter's competitive enviroment analysis)
 
Pest and pestel analysis
Pest and pestel analysisPest and pestel analysis
Pest and pestel analysis
 
Organization mission statement and vision
Organization mission statement and visionOrganization mission statement and vision
Organization mission statement and vision
 
Swot analysis , its importance and limitations
Swot analysis , its importance and limitationsSwot analysis , its importance and limitations
Swot analysis , its importance and limitations
 
Strikes and lockouts, weapons used by employer and employee, advantages and d...
Strikes and lockouts, weapons used by employer and employee, advantages and d...Strikes and lockouts, weapons used by employer and employee, advantages and d...
Strikes and lockouts, weapons used by employer and employee, advantages and d...
 
How to influence a partner during negotiation, using SPIN principle. Negotiat...
How to influence a partner during negotiation, using SPIN principle. Negotiat...How to influence a partner during negotiation, using SPIN principle. Negotiat...
How to influence a partner during negotiation, using SPIN principle. Negotiat...
 
The history of international monetary system
The history of international monetary systemThe history of international monetary system
The history of international monetary system
 
Labour unrest,way to mitagate labour unrest and the effects of labour unrest
Labour unrest,way to mitagate labour unrest and the effects of labour unrestLabour unrest,way to mitagate labour unrest and the effects of labour unrest
Labour unrest,way to mitagate labour unrest and the effects of labour unrest
 
Difference between management and administration
Difference between management and administrationDifference between management and administration
Difference between management and administration
 
Three dimensions of information systems
Three dimensions of information systemsThree dimensions of information systems
Three dimensions of information systems
 
Research process
Research process Research process
Research process
 
Research ethics
Research ethicsResearch ethics
Research ethics
 
Marketing management orientations
Marketing management orientationsMarketing management orientations
Marketing management orientations
 
Duties of a finance manager
Duties of a  finance managerDuties of a  finance manager
Duties of a finance manager
 

Recently uploaded

會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
中 央社
 
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdfPoster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Alexander Litvinenko
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Word Stress rules esl .pptx
Word Stress rules esl               .pptxWord Stress rules esl               .pptx
Word Stress rules esl .pptx
 
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
Removal Strategy _ FEFO _ Working with Perishable Products in Odoo 17
 
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文會考英文
 
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
When Quality Assurance Meets Innovation in Higher Education - Report launch w...
 
IPL Online Quiz by Pragya; Question Set.
IPL Online Quiz by Pragya; Question Set.IPL Online Quiz by Pragya; Question Set.
IPL Online Quiz by Pragya; Question Set.
 
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
ANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptxANTI         PARKISON          DRUGS.pptx
ANTI PARKISON DRUGS.pptx
 
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in HinduismAn overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
An overview of the various scriptures in Hinduism
 
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdfPoster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
Poster_density_driven_with_fracture_MLMC.pdf
 
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptxdemyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
demyelinated disorder: multiple sclerosis.pptx
 
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
Features of Video Calls in the Discuss Module in Odoo 17
 
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
How to Analyse Profit of a Sales Order in Odoo 17
 
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
diagnosting testing bsc 2nd sem.pptx....
 
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptxThe Liver &  Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
The Liver & Gallbladder (Anatomy & Physiology).pptx
 
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
Chapter 7 Pharmacosy Traditional System of Medicine & Ayurvedic Preparations ...
 
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
How To Create Editable Tree View in Odoo 17
 
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdfIncluding Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
Including Mental Health Support in Project Delivery, 14 May.pdf
 
Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
 Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
Envelope of Discrepancy in Orthodontics: Enhancing Precision in Treatment
 
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
Andreas Schleicher presents at the launch of What does child empowerment mean...
 
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING IIII BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
II BIOSENSOR PRINCIPLE APPLICATIONS AND WORKING II
 
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
Basic Civil Engineering notes on Transportation Engineering, Modes of Transpo...
 

Trade unions: objectives, challenges, advantages,features,financing,recruitment

  • 1. CONTENTS -Intro to trade unions -Features of trade unions -What do trade unions do? -Objectives of trade unions -How trade unions are financed -How trade unions recruits its members -Why employees join trade unions -Functions of trade unions -Trade union structure -Weakness/challenges/problems facing trade unions -Measures to strengthen trade unions -Advantages of trade unions to workers, employees and society -Criticism of trade union by employers
  • 2. A Trade union is an association of workers formed to protect the interest of workers. -it is an instrument of defense against exploitation( i.e. help in protection of labor rights) The most common purpose of trade union association is maintaining or improving the conditions of employment at work place such as ensuring safety standards, right to paid leave, right to be protected on unfair termination of employment , right to equality on working organization The trade union through its leadership bargains with the employer on behalf of union members and negotiates labour contracts. Trade union association can exist in three forms i. Employer and employees ii. Employer and employer iii. Employees and employees
  • 3. 1.Trade unions are voluntary association of either employees or employer or independent worker. 2.Trade union achieve its objectives through collective action and group efforts. Negotiation and collective bargaining are the tools for completing objectives 3.It is formed to protect all kinds of interest, i.e. economic, social and political of its members but the major one is economic interest. 4.Trade union are adaptable to the changing socio economic, legal, political environment 5.Trade union are designed to eliminate the exploitation of workers through workers participation in the management
  • 4. The main service that a union provides for its members is negotiation and representing but there are also other functions. All of these functions can be explained below 1.NEGOTIATIONS( COLLECTIVE BARGAINING) Negotiation is where union representatives discuss with the management on issues that affect people working in the organization. The union finds out the members view and relay these views to the management. There may be difference of opinion between management and union members, negotiation is about finding a solution to these differences.
  • 5. 2.REPRESENTATION Trade unions represents individuals members when they have a problem at work. Example if employees feel they are being unfairly treated, the union representative can sort out the problem with the management, if the problem can not be solved by the employer himself then it will be solved on the court 3.INFORMATION AND ADVICE Trade unions have wealth of information which is useful to people at work. They can advise on range of issues such as how much pay one is entitled to get on maternity leave, how much holiday one is entitled to get each year, how to obtain training at work
  • 6. 4.MEMBER SERVICES Trade unions offers range of services to its members. It includes the following i. Education and training. Most unions run training courses for their members . The training relates mostly on employment rights, health and safety. ii. Legal assistance Trade union offers legal assistance on employment issues, some unions even give help on personal matters like housing, wills and debts iii. Financial discounts People can get discounts on mortgages, insurance and loans form unions iv. Welfare benefits Trade unions also look after members who hit hard times, example; some unions offer financial help to their members when they are sick
  • 7. There are two main ways in which trade unions are financed 1.SUBSCRIPTION FEES Each trade union member pays a subscription fee, the amount differs among unions and it is normally set at different levels according to the amount people earn. This is a major source of trade union’s finance In exchange for subscription fees, members receive benefits of representation, negotiation , protection and other service from their union. The subscription fee may be direct deducted from employees salary and must be paid periodically 2.DONATIONS, GRANTS OFFERED TO THE TRADE UNIONS This is a secondary source of finance, its is not obtained periodically and it is not an obligation for individuals who provide donations, Companies or wealthy individuals who have trust on the trade union activities may provide donations to support trade union activities. Obtaining donations highly depends on trade union reputation and the nature of its activities.
  • 8. Individuals are recruited in unions through the following ways 1.Most people find out about trade unions by talking to colleagues at the workplace and then make direct contact with the union. 2.Some people are contacted by union representative who give them information about the union and tells them how to join 3.Some employers and personal officers tell employees about the union when they start working for the organization.
  • 9. 1.GREATER BARGAINING POWER Employees normally posses very little bargaining power as compared to that of employer, With trade unions, employees are united, the employees bargaining power can be enhanced through negotiation of their needs by their leader. 2.MINIMIZING DISCRIMINATION Discrimination exist in working environment. Some subordinates may be treated fairly while others unfair due to the relationship. The relationships existing between the supervisors and each of his subordinates may influence decisions regarding pay, promotion, transfer. With trade unions these things can be reduced or eliminated. 3.SENSE OF SECURITY Some employees join trade unions believing that it is an effective way to secure adequate protection from various types of hazards and overcome insecurity such as accident, injury, illness, unemployment Example: protection of unfair termination of employment, proper remedy to be given incase of injury ( lets say an employee cuts his hand during machine operation at work place,)
  • 10. 4.SENSE OF PARTICIPATION The employees can participate in management on matters affecting their interests only if they join trade unions. They can influence decisions that are taken as a result of collective bargaining between the union and the management 5.SENSE OF BELONGINGNESS Those who are members feel that they gain respect in the eyes of their fellow workers. They can also discuss their problems with trade union leaders 6.PLATFORM FOR SELF EXPRESSION A trade union provides such a forum where the feelings, ideas and opinions of the workers could be discussed 7.BETTERMENT OF RELATIONSHIP Employees join trade unions as they believe trade unions can fulfill the important need of ensuring proper maintenance of employer-employee relationship. Unions help to ensure good industrial relations among management and workers by solving problems peacefully.
  • 11. Trade unions performs a number of functions in order to achieve the objectives. These functions can be broadly classified into four categories i. Militant(revolutionary) functions ii. Fraternal functions iii. Social functions iv. Political functions MILITANT(REVOLUTIONARY) FUNCTIONS 1.To achieve higher wages and better working conditions 2.To protect labour against injustice and victimization 3.To raise the status of workers as part of industry
  • 12. FRATERNAL FUNCTIONS 1.To provide opportunity for promotion and growth 2.To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers. 3.To generate self confidence among workers 4.To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers SOCIAL FUNCTIONS 1.To promote schemes and procedure for addressing grievances among members 2.Provision of education among members 3.Publication of union documents such as newsletters or magazines for establishing communication with their members
  • 13. Trade unions are democratic organizations which are accountable to their members for their policies and actions. Unions are normally modeled on the following structure. 1.MEMBERS People who pay a subscription to belong on a certain union 2.SHOP STEWARDS( UNION REPRESENTATIVES) Union representatives are elected by members of the union to represent them to the management. 3.BRANCHES Branches support union members in different organizations locally. There is usually a branch secretary who is elected by local members. 4.DISTRICT/REGIONAL OFFICES These are usually staffed by fulltime union officials. Union officials are people who are paid to offer advice and support to union members locally. 5.A NATION OFFICE. These are unions headquarters which offers support to union members and negotiates or campaigns for improvement to their working conditions. At the top of organization there is usually general secretary who is elected by union members
  • 14. 1.Better wages by Improving employees pay and other benefits such as holiday entitlements. 2.Better working conditions. Example ,Securing improvements in employees working conditions including hours of work. and health safety at work, improving pensions and industry injury benefits. 3.Social welfare, providing improved standard of living 4.Safeguard the interest of employees by Encouraging firm to increase worker participation in decision making 5.To prevent employees from employer’s exploitation. This can done by defending employees rights and jobs. Employees rights are normally expressed in labour relation act that differs from one country to another. 6.Organizational growth and stability. With trade union on place strikes can be avoided thus resulting stability and growth of the firm.
  • 15. 1.UNEVEN GROWTH There is uneven growth in trade unionism. Trade union activities are only concentrated in few states and bigger industrial centers only. 2.LIMITED MEMBERSHIP Not all people join trade unions. Many trade unions exist in different countries but there is declining membership per union. This because individuals feels that the unions do not meet their member’s needs, hence results to number of employees who are not member of any union 3.FINANCIAL PROBLEMS Financial position of trade union is weak since the average yearly income is low and inadequate. Things such as subscription rates are very low and sometimes they remain unpaid by their members. Funds of the union are inadequate and they cannot take welfare programs for their members effectively.
  • 16. 4.MULTIPLICITY OF UNIONS(PRESENCE OF MULTIPLE UNIONS IN SAME FIELD) There is an existence of multiple trade unions in the same field. There is no restriction on the numbers of unions to be registered in one establishment. The law permit a small number of people to form trade unions. Eg according to trade unions act 2004 of Tanzania, 2o employees can form a trade union. Due to this it results to the formation multiple unions in large amount 5.INDIFFERENT ALTITUDE OF WORKERS In many countries, large number of workers have not joined trade unions and normally employers discourage trade unions. Also not all members on the union show interest in the affairs of the union. For example some people may have poor attendance of union’s general meetings, under such circumstance trade unionism cannot be expected to make progress due to lack of unity. 6.POOR LEADERSHIP OF UNION LEADERS Sometimes trade unions are led by people who are not workers but outsiders. Outsiders may include politicians, intellectuals who have no experience of work industry. Normally outsiders focus on their personal interests rather union interests.
  • 17. 7.ILLETERACY OF SOME WORKERS Some works fail to understand the impact of trade unionism due to their lack of education 8.UNION RIVALRY
  • 18. These are suggestion/measure to be taken for healthily growth of unionism 1.ONE UNION IN ONE INDUSTRY(MAINTAINING UNITY) Having multiple union in the same industry lead to inter union rivalry that ultimately cuts trade union movements, it weakens the power for collective bargaining. There fore there should be one union only in one industry. The presence of one union only will help to have one policy, one program, one objective, one method of labour movements. 2.DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP FROM WITHIN Leaders of the union must be within the industry of workers and not outside. Outside leadership is one of the main cause for multiple problems of trade unions and that can only be eliminated if leaders come from within. 3.PAID UNION OFFICIALS Individuals who specifically work for the union should be employed and must be paid well. These union officials must be individuals of proven integrity and who are able to evaluate the demands of workers so that they may negotiate with employers on equal terms.
  • 19. 4.IMPROVED FINANCIAL CONDITIONS Financial position of union is weak and must be improved through ensuring payments of member subscription and finding donations for the union. 5.RECOGNITION OF TRADE UNIONS Trade union must be recognized and be registered under the trade unions act in order to secure the union and ensuring its safely. If a union is registered it enjoys the rights of the registered trade unions as per the trade unions act. If it not registered then it is not subjected to the rights of a registered trade union. 6.IMPROVING WORKERS EDUCATION It is the responsibility of trade unions to make workers realize their responsibilities and ensure discipline in them to perform their job satisfactory 7.IMPROVING WELFARE ACTIVITIES FOR WORKERS IN UNION Welfare activities efforts make the workers loyal to the union. Example provision of day school for children, night for adults, opening libraries,gyms.
  • 20. 1.It promote unity 2.It ensures improvement in working conditions and provision for better welfare facilities 3.Spirit of self reliance and self respect 4.Uniform wages 5.Change in employer’s altitude
  • 21. 1.Dispute can be avoided or may be solved politely 2.It results to industrial peace 3.Framing healthly labour policies. It reduces chance of industrial dispute in future
  • 22. 1.Gain sympathy of general public(in crisis) 2.Propose to the government( to enact labour policies to protect and develop labour force of the country in a better way 3.It helps in development of industrial economy by maintaining good industrial relations, thus it will results in higher and better production at lower cost
  • 23. 1.LACK OF EDUCATION Lack of education makes workers narrow minded and prevent them to understand long-term views. For workers anything that does not results in an immediate rewards becomes unattractive to them even if it is important for their own benefits also. 2.UNIONS MAY NOT WELCOME CHANGES Unions may not welcome changes for productivity methods for the fear that some of the workers will loose their jobs. Therefore they slowdown industrial progress. 3.STRIKES ON ILLOGICAL BASIS Sometimes unions strikes on illogical bases/grounds and causes losses to producers, community and the nation. Workers also suffers because of their loss in salaries due to strikes 4.CREATION OF ARTIFICIAL SCARCITY OF LABOURS Trade union creates artificial scarcity of labour by demanding that only union personnel should be employed 5.Undue demands relating to wages.