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Open Access: What it is and why it is required for scholarly community?


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Introduction to Open Access to scholarly literature. Problems with traditional academic publishing and impact of Internet. Definition of Open Access and models. Why Open Access is required for the scientific and scholarly community? What can bloggers do to support Open Access. Open Access status in India.

Published in: Technology, Education

Open Access: What it is and why it is required for scholarly community?

  1. 1. Open Access What it is and why it is required for scholarly community? Sukhdev Singh – esukhdev AT
  2. 2. I am not talking about <ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>Open Standards </li></ul><ul><li>Right to Information </li></ul>
  3. 3. But on similar concept <ul><li>It relates to access to results of public funded research </li></ul><ul><li>It relates to access to that knowledge which scientists and scholars give away for free after years of hard work </li></ul>
  4. 4. Let us see how <ul><li>Knowledge is produced and consumed by scientists and scholars </li></ul>
  5. 5. 12 – 18 Months Research Impact
  6. 6. Fine, What is the Problem?
  7. 7. Research Impact
  8. 8.
  9. 9. Situation is even worse in developing countries <ul><li>Most reputed journals are published in developed countries (U.S / Europe) and are monopolized by few publishers </li></ul><ul><li>Purchases are in foreign currency </li></ul><ul><li>Even best indigenous research is published in foreign journals </li></ul>
  10. 10. Now the Question being asked is
  11. 11. Where is the catch? <ul><li>Scientists / scholars need to publish articles </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers seek transfer of copyrights in their favour in lieu of publication of their articles </li></ul><ul><li>They had no other alternative than to gave away their copyrights to get their articles published </li></ul>
  12. 12. But now Internet is threatening the conventional model for good. <ul><li>Scholarly literature </li></ul><ul><li>Can be submitted online </li></ul><ul><li>Can be peer reviewed online </li></ul><ul><li>Edited online </li></ul><ul><li>Published online </li></ul><ul><li>Distributed online </li></ul><ul><li>Used online </li></ul><ul><li>At very low cost compared to the conventional publishing model </li></ul><ul><li>And Save the time as too </li></ul>
  13. 13. Open Access is the answer to the ills of conventional academic publishing <ul><li>Open-access (OA) literature </li></ul><ul><li>is [scholarly,] digital, online, </li></ul><ul><li>free of charge, </li></ul><ul><li>and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. </li></ul><ul><li>What makes it possible is the internet and the consent of the author or copyright-holder. </li></ul><ul><li>[ Peter Suber -] </li></ul>
  14. 14. Open Access (OA) means free and online access to scholarly literature that can be freely disseminated further with proper author attribution. It brings down barriers to scientific communication by using Internet
  15. 15. Open Access Publishing <ul><li>Open Access Journals perform peer review like their conventional counterparts and then make the approved contents freely available to the world. </li></ul> Has 3372 journals in the directory as on 21 st May 2008
  16. 16. Open Access Repositories <ul><li>Open Access Repositories allow authors / right holders to deposit their articles </li></ul><ul><li>May allow preprints (pre-published manuscripts) </li></ul><ul><li>Normally allow post-prints (peer-reviewed and published articles) </li></ul><ul><li>Most reputed academic publishers allow authors to deposit some version of their articles in such repositories [] </li></ul>Registry of Open Access Repositories (ROAR) had 1065 registered repositories as on 21 st May 2008.
  17. 17. So, Why Open Access is required for the scientific and scholarly community?
  18. 18. Newton, “ If I have seen further it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants ”
  19. 19. Impact <ul><li>“ Articles freely available online are more highly cited. For greater impact and faster scientific progress, authors and publishers should aim to make research easy to access”. Online or Invisible? Steve Lawrence . Nature , Volume 411, Number 6837, p. 521, 2001. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Community Both the Producer and Consumer <ul><li>Scholarly community is working for furtherance of science and knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Most work is given away for free. </li></ul><ul><li>Outsider publishers with commercial interests benefits and creates barriers in communication among the community </li></ul><ul><li>Internet has provided an alternative means of peer review, publication and distribution. </li></ul><ul><li>Internet based scholarly communication advances the science without lose of time </li></ul>
  21. 21. Public Good <ul><li>Research funded out of public money should be publically accessible </li></ul><ul><li>Number of universities, academic institutions and research funding agencies are making Open Access as mandatory requirement [] </li></ul>
  22. 22. Government Laws <ul><li>In accordance with Division G, Title II,  Section 218 of PL 110-161 (Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008 ), the NIH voluntary Public Access Policy ( NOT-OD-05-022 ) is now mandatory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Awareness <ul><li>Faculties becoming more aggressive and aware for example on 6 th May 2008, Harvard Law faculty votes for 'open access' to scholarly articles </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. What can bloggers do?
  25. 25. Blog on Open Access Movement Peter Suber , Editor Gavin Baker , Assistant Editor
  26. 26. Blog on Open Access Literature / Resources
  27. 27. Blog on Peer-Reviewed Research “ Research Blogging helps you locate and share academic blog posts about peer-reviewed research. Bloggers use our icon to identify their thoughtful posts about serious research, and those posts are collected here for easy reference”. -
  28. 28. Open Access and India
  29. 29. Open Access Repositories 30+ National Aerospace Laboratories Indian Institute of Astrophysics Repository
  30. 30. Open Access Journals
  31. 31. Open Access Hosts / Publishers
  32. 32.
  33. 33.
  34. 34.
  35. 35. Open Knowledge Society
  36. 36. Image Credits <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>And many others </li></ul>THANK YOU VERY MUCH