Presentation on Prime Lending Rate (PLR)Presented to Presented byDr Ranjit Singh Sujoy Kumar PaulAsst.Professor (03)DBA-JNSMS Biplab dey (34) Sanjeeb Paul (18) Janmajit Debnath (13) Dhruba Debnath (43)
Prime rate or prime lending rate is a term applied in many countries to a reference interest rate used by banks. The term originally indicated the rate of interest at which banks lent to favoured customers, i.e., those with high credibility, though this is no longer always the case. Some variable interest rates may be expressed as a percentage above or below prime rate.
The BPLR was seen as a reference rate and was to be computed taking into consideration (i) cost of funds; (ii) operational expenses; and (ii) a minimum margin to cover regulatory requirements of provisioning and capital charge, and profit margin. Banks are free to fix benchmark PRIME LENLIND RATE BPLR for credit limits through the banking regulation act, and the reserve bank of India act
The prime rate is used often as an index in calculating rate changes to adjustable rate mortgages (ARM) and other variable rate short term loans. Many credit cards and home equity lines of credit with variable interest rates have their rate specified as the prime rate (index) plus a fixed value commonly called the spread or margin.
October 1994 Lending rates for loans with credit limits of over Rs. 2 lakh deregulated. Banks were required to declare their Prime lending rates (PLRs). October 1997 For term loans of 3 years and above, separate Prime Term Lending Rates (PTLRs) were required to be announced by banks.
April 1998 PLR converted as a ceiling rate on loans up to Rs.2 lakh. April 1999 Tenor-linked Prime Lending Rates (TPLRs) introduced. October 1999 Banks were given flexibility to charge interest rates without reference to the PLR in respect of certain categories of loans/credit.
April 2000 Banks allowed to charge fixed/floating rate on their lending for credit limit of over Rs.2 lakh. April 2001 The PLR ceased to be the floor rate for loans above Rs. 2 lakh. Commercial banks allowed to lend at sub-PLR rate for loans above Rs.2 lakh.
April 2002 A system of collection of additional information from banks on the (a) maximum and minimum interest rates on advances charged by the banks; and (b) range of interest rates with large value of business and disseminating through the Reserve Bank‟s website was introduced. April 2003 The Reserve Bank advised banks to announce a benchmark PLR (BPLR) with the approval of their boards. The system of tenor-linked PLR discontinued.
Over the years, because of competitive pressures banks have increasingly resorted to financing of various categories of borrowers at sub-BPLR rates such as corporates, housing and retail sector. The major share of sub-BPLR lending was of longer term loans (above 3 years), whereas in respect of private sector banks and foreign banks, the major share of sub-BPLR loans was in the form of consumer credit.
Given the large proportion of sub-BPLR lending by the banking system, concerns have been raised on the transparency aspect of computation of BPLRs by banks. As components of the BPLR are determined by the bank itself.
Another issue that is often raised is the asymmetric downward stickiness of the BPLRs. This not only raises an issue of equity but also results in poor transmission of monetary policy in credit markets. The major reasons for downward stickiness is the large share of deposits contracted at high rates in the past.
TheBPLR system based on the average costs incurred by banks on fund-based business actually reflects the break-even cost for banks and does not represent “prime lending” rate in the usual sense of the term at which banks accommodate their highly rated/most creditworthy borrowers.
Mumbai, July, 7: State Bank of India (SBI) The largest bank of Asia, has revised the benchmark prime lending rate, base rate and deposit rates upwards to follow the rate hikes announced by RBI in its last policy review. SBIhas revised the Benchmark Prime Lending Rate and Base Rate upwards by 25 bps in anticipation of rising interest rate in coming months.
The bank has informed BSE that it has revised the Benchmark Prime Lending Rate by 25 bps from 14.00% p.a. to 14.25% p.a. State Bank of India has also informed BSE that the Bank has revised the Base Rate upwards by 25 bps from 9.25% p.a. to 9.50% p.a. SBI revises upwards the Deposit Rates up to 100 bps means by 1 percent in some maturities, effective from July 11, 2011.All the changes are effective from July 11, 2011.
The new rate hike by the countrys leading lender will increase the EMI of home, Auto, Personal, and other advances as well. SBI has also decided to waive the penalty for premature withdrawal of deposits up to 90 days for retail depositors. At the same time it has decreased penalty to 0.50 percent from 1 percent for premature withdrawal of other deposits beyond 90 days. Last week, several banks, including major private lender ICICI Bank, Canara Bank , Bank of Baroda, IOB, Dena, have already raised their lending rates by 25 bps.
The Reserve Bank has received several representations on the arbitrariness of resetting the lending rates on loans and the benchmark rates used for pricing floating rate products. Many banks charge lending rates with reference to benchmarks which are internal and non-transparent.
In addition, provisions on conditional resetting interest rates are placed as „force majeure’ in loan covenants thereby making the terms of contract non-transparent for the borrower. This practice has added further opaqueness in the setting of lending rates since the re-pricing is generally arbitrary and not with reference to a transparent publicly known benchmarks.