ICT for Development


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This is a presentation on ICT for development, presented to DFID, India for fund raising. This is a part of the United Nations Information Technology Services (UNITeS) programme. This programme was a finalist in the Stockholm Challenge Award 2001

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ICT for Development

  1. 1. Promotion of citizen-centered Governance Using ICT tools United Nations Development Programme Sujit Mohanty UNITeS Project Coordinator UNDP Date: 26/03/2002 Presentation to DFID, India
  2. 2. Background <ul><li>Started as a joint initiative of </li></ul><ul><li>Panchayati Raj Dept., GoO and UNDP for establishing information centers in 13 cyclone affected blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT for development team to support Government in Block, district and State in implementation of IT programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT as a tool for providing access to quality information through information centers in rural areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Govt./ NGOs/ CBOs/ Panchayats playing the role of ‘hosts’ to provide hardware, infrastructure, volunteers. </li></ul><ul><li>Rural community, Farmers, PRI members, SHG groups are the key stakeholders and beneficiaries. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  3. 3. Self sustainable information centers <ul><li>Panchayats, farmers groups, </li></ul><ul><li>youth clubs, CBOs as managers of the centers. </li></ul><ul><li>All centers are in partnership with Govt./ NGOs/ CBOs/ Panchayats with local and NYKS volunteers as facilitators. </li></ul><ul><li>PRI members, members of SHG groups, rural youth are trained on use of computer applications. </li></ul><ul><li>Each kiosk is generating a revenue of about Rs. 2000- 6000 every month to make it sustainable. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  4. 4. Services <ul><li>Paid services viz. forms, guidelines, e-mail, online grievance are facilitated at the centers. </li></ul><ul><li>Dissemination of weather warnings, community preparedness plans, information on Governance, Agriculture, Health etc are being provided from the centers </li></ul><ul><li>Online communication services for better Governance. </li></ul><ul><li>Offline content in local language. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  5. 5. Content in local language United Nations Development Programme
  6. 6. United Nations Development Programme
  7. 7. Technical support to District admin <ul><li>ICT Facilitators supporting </li></ul><ul><li>5 district administration in implementing ICT programmes. </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of ICT societies in the district administration to facilitate e-Governance. </li></ul><ul><li>ICT Facilitators providing technical support to develop a business plan for the kiosks. </li></ul><ul><li>Strengthening DAOs (District Agriculture Office) to act as a service provider. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  8. 8. United Nations Development Programme <ul><li>Aamagaon.com </li></ul><ul><li>User friendly interface to be used at village level information kiosks. </li></ul><ul><li>Information on Agriculture best practices, development schemes, health issues etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Online communication service like grievance sharing, soil testing, farmers query system etc </li></ul>
  9. 9. Online Grievance sharing <ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>Villager sends grievance from a village kiosk. </li></ul><ul><li>District Magistrate forwards the grievance to concerned authority. </li></ul><ul><li>District Magistrate keeps track of the status of all grievances. </li></ul><ul><li>Villager checks the status of grievance from time to time. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme Mainstreaming the voice of the community…
  10. 10. Catalyzing Soil testing mechanism United Nations Development Programme Farmers details leading to farmers database Farmer from the village can check the status of application Pending/ completion is visible at all levels
  11. 11. Knowledge Hub <ul><li>A web enabled database at district and state level. </li></ul><ul><li>Content library with need based information on Agriculture, Governance, Health etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge sharing on a common platform. </li></ul><ul><li>Content input from Govt. depts., research institutions, NGOs. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme Empowering community with access to information…
  12. 12. Developing partnership for e-Governance <ul><li>Private Sector </li></ul><ul><li>e-Society </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme Government e-Administration Civil Society e-Citizens and e-services <ul><li>First e-Governace workshop in the state with participation from Government, civil societies and private sector units. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitating Government and business houses to understand each others strength and weaknesses. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitation of discussions in Orissa ICT Think Tank meetings and e-Groups. </li></ul>
  13. 13. United Nations Development Programme
  14. 14. Policy & e-Governance strategy <ul><li>Development of a citizen centered ICT policy and e-Governance strategy following recommendation from first e-Governance workshop and request from Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Draft framework of the policy shared with Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Telecom infrastructure is being assessed. </li></ul><ul><li>e-readiness assessment needs to be carried out. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  15. 15. Some notable Achievements <ul><li>80 ICT kiosks in partnership with </li></ul><ul><li>Govt./ NGOs/ CBOs/ NYKS. </li></ul><ul><li>At least2500 rural people computer literate. </li></ul><ul><li>At least 5000 people have accessed these kiosks for various information needs. </li></ul><ul><li>E-awareness campaign taken up in 220 educational institutions. </li></ul><ul><li>Finalist in the Stockholm Challenge Award. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  16. 16. ICT for Vulnerability Reduction <ul><li>Systematic disaster inventory creation through ‘DesInventar’ application. </li></ul><ul><li>Decision support system for disaster trend analysis, prioritizing disaster preparedness intervention. </li></ul><ul><li>www.idrn.gov.in portal for Ministry of Home Affairs to capture resource inventory for disaster response preparedness up to block level. </li></ul><ul><li>Enabling decision makers in Govt. for quick emergency response. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  17. 17. Future strategies & programmes United Nations Development Programme
  18. 18. Policy initiatives <ul><li>Development of a citizen centered ICT policy. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive e-Governance strategy for the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Comprehensive data connectivity assessment and state wide area network designing. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  19. 19. Farmers capacity building with Agriculture Market information system <ul><li>In partnership with State Agriculture Marketing Board to develop a market intelligence system. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building of 60 RMCs ( Regulated Market Committees) through computer & entrepreneurship training. </li></ul><ul><li>Partnership with NYKS/ NIIT for volunteers in the RMCs. </li></ul><ul><li>30 volunteers have already been placed. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of a business plan for each RMC information center. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical support for networking of 60 RMCs. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme
  20. 20. Livelihood tracking system <ul><li>To meet expressed need of Panchayati Raj Dept. for a computerized information system to track development programmes at the block level. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of an operational software package tailored to the needs of field & state level functionaries. </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity building of VLWs (village level workers) to manage the MIS/FMIS at the blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrating the Block MIS/FMIS on the web with aamagaon.com portal for desired level of citizen interface. </li></ul>United Nations Development Programme