HFA Monitoring and Review -Key Questions Guidance


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This is an audio guidance on the key questions and means of verification included in the 2009- 2011 Hyogo Framework for Action Monitoring and Review process

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HFA Monitoring and Review -Key Questions Guidance

  1. 1. HFA Monitoring and Review 2009-2011 Guidance on key questions and means of verifications
  2. 2. Key Questions and Means of Verifications <ul><li>To provide some additional focus to each one of the core indicators. </li></ul><ul><li>Not meant to replace the core indicators </li></ul><ul><li>Focused on the unanswered questions, gaps and challenges identified in the previous HFA review exercise and GAR 2009 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Priority for action 1 <ul><li>Ensure that disaster reduction is a national and local priority with a strong institutional basis for implementation </li></ul>
  4. 4. CI 1: National policy and legal framework for disaster risk reduction exists with decentralised responsibilities and capacities at all levels. <ul><li>Is DRR included in development plans and strategies?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National development plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sector strategies and plans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change policy and strategy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poverty reduction strategy papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CCA/ UNDAF </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CI 2: Dedicated and adequate resources are available to implement disaster risk reduction plans and activities at all administrative levels. <ul><li>Is there a specific allocation of budget for DRR in the national budget?  Yes  No % allocated from national budget </li></ul><ul><ul><li> USD allocated from overseas development assistance fund </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> USD allocated to hazard proofing sectoral development investments (e.g Transport, agriculture, infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> USD allocated to stand alone DRR investments (e.g. DRR institutions, risk assessments, early warning systems, …) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>USD allocated to disaster proofing post disaster reconstruction </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. CI 3: Community participation and decentralization are ensured through the delegation of authority and resources to local levels. <ul><li>Do local governments have legal responsibility and budget allocations for DRR?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Budget allocations for DRR to local government </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. CI 4: A national multi sectoral platform for disaster risk reduction is functioning. <ul><li>Are civil society organisations , national planning institutions, key economic and development sector organisations represented in the national platform?  Yes  No civil society members (in numbers) </li></ul><ul><li>sectoral organisations (in numbers) </li></ul><ul><li>women’s organisations participating in national platform (in numbers) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Priority for action 2 <ul><li>Identify, assess and monitor disaster risks and enhance early warning </li></ul>
  9. 9. CI 1: National and local risk assessments based on hazard data and vulnerability information are available and include risk <ul><li>Is there a national multi-hazard risk assessment available to inform planning and development decisions?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-hazard risk assessment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li> % of schools and hospitals assessed  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>schools not safe from disasters (in numbers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gender disaggregated vulnerability and capacity assessments </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Agreed national standards for multi hazard risk assessments </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. CI 2: Systems are in place to monitor, archive and disseminate data on key hazards and vulnerabilities. <ul><li>Are disaster losses systematically reported, monitored and analysed? </li></ul><ul><li> Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Disaster loss database </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reports generated and used in planning </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. CI 3: Early warning systems are in place for all major hazards, with outreach to communities. <ul><li>Do risk prone communities receive timely and understandable warnings of impending hazard events?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Early warnings acted on effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local level preparedness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Communication systems and protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Active involvement of media in early warning dissemination </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. CI 4: National and local risk assessments take account of regional/trans-boundary risks, with a view to regional cooperation on risk reduction. <ul><li>Does your country participate in regional or sub-regional DRR programmes or projects?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Programmes and projects addressing trans-boundary issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional and sub-regional strategies and frameworks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Regional or sub-regional monitoring and reporting mechanisms </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Action plans addressing trans-boundary issues </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Priority for action 3 <ul><li>Use knowledge, innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels </li></ul>
  14. 14. CI 1: Relevant information on disasters is available and accessible at all levels, to all stakeholders (through networks, development of information sharing systems, etc). <ul><li>Is there a national disaster information system publicly available?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web page of national disaster information system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Established mechanisms for accessing DRR information </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. CI 2: School curricula, education material and relevant trainings include disaster risk reduction and recovery concepts and practices. <ul><li>Is DRR included in the national educational curriculum?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>primary school curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>secondary school curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>university curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Professional DRR education programmes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. CI 3: Research methods and tools for multi-risk assessments and cost benefit analysis are developed and strengthened. <ul><li>Is DRR included in the national scientific applied-research agenda/budget?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research outputs, products or studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research programmes and projects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Studies on the economic costs and benefits of DRR </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. CI 4: Countrywide public awareness strategy exists to stimulate a culture of disaster resilience, with outreach to urban and rural communities. <ul><li>Do public education campaigns on DRR reach risk-prone communities?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public education campaigns. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of local government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Availability of information on DRR practices at the community level </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Priority for action 4 <ul><li>Reduce the underlying risk factors </li></ul>
  19. 19. CI 1: Disaster risk reduction is an integral objective of environment related policies and plans, including for land use, natural resource management and adaptation to climate change. <ul><li>Is there a mechanism in place to protect and restore regulatory ecosystem services? (associated with wet lands, mangroves, forests etc)  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Protected areas legislation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Payment for ecosystem services (PES) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Integrated planning (for example coastal zone management) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental impacts assessments (EIAs) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Climate change adaptation projects and programmes </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. CI 2: Social development policies and plans are being implemented to reduce the vulnerability of populations most at risk. <ul><li>Do social safety nets exist to increase the resilience of risk prone households and communities?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop and property insurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment guarantee schemes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conditional cash transfers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DRR aligned poverty reduction, welfare policy and programmes  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Microfinance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Micro insurance </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. CI 3: Economic and productive sectorial policies and plans have been implemented to reduce the vulnerability of economic activities. <ul><li>Are the costs and benefits of DRR incorporated into the planning of public investment?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National and sectoral public investment systems incorporating DRR. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investments in retrofitting infrastructures including schools and hospitals </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. CI 4: Planning and management of human settlements incorporate disaster risk reduction elements, including enforcement of building codes. <ul><li>Is there investment to reduce the risk of vulnerable urban settlements?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Investment in drainage infrastructure in flood prone areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slope stabilisation in landslide prone areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training of masons on safe construction technology </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provision of safe land for low income households and communities </li></ul></ul>
  23. 23. CI 5: Disaster risk reduction measures are integrated into post disaster recovery and rehabilitation processes. <ul><li>Do post-disaster recovery programmes explicitly incorporate and budget for DRR?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>% of recovery and reconstruction funds assigned to DRR </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measures taken to address gender based issues in recovery </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. CI 6: Procedures are in place to assess the disaster risk impacts of major development projects, especially infrastructure. <ul><li>Are the impacts of major development projects on disaster risk assessed?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assessments of impact of projects such as dams, irrigation schemes, highways, mining, tourist developments etc on disaster risk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Impacts of disaster risk taken account in Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Priority for action 5 <ul><li>Strengthen disaster preparedness for effective response at all levels </li></ul>
  26. 26. CI 1: Strong policy, technical and institutional capacities and mechanisms for disaster risk management, with a disaster risk reduction perspective are in place. <ul><li>Are there national programmes or policies to make schools and health facilities safe in emergencies?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Policies and programmes for school and hospital safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training and mock drills in school and hospitals for emergency preparedness </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. CI 2: Disaster preparedness plans and contingency plans are in place at all administrative levels, and regular training drills and rehearsals are held to test and develop disaster response programmes. <ul><li>Are the contingency plans, procedures and resources in place to deal with a major disaster?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contingency plans with gender sensitivities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Operations and communications centre </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Search and rescue teams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stockpiles of relief supplies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shelters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secure medical facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dedicated provision for women in relief, shelter and emergency medical facilities </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. CI 3: Financial reserves and contingency mechanisms are in place to support effective response and recovery when required. <ul><li>Are financial arrangements in place to deal with major disaster?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>National contingency funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catastrophic insurance facilities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Catastrophe bonds </li></ul></ul>
  29. 29. CI 4: Procedures are in place to exchange relevant information during hazard events and disasters, and to undertake post-event reviews. <ul><li>Has an agreed method and procedure been adopted to assess damage, loss and needs when disasters occur?  Yes  No </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Damage and loss assessment methodologies and capacities available </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post disaster need assessment methodologies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Post disaster needs assessment methodologies include guidance on gender aspects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Identified and trained human resources </li></ul></ul>