Disaster Information Systems


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  • Very useful set of slides on IS based DM. This should be called KM based DM.
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Disaster Information Systems

  1. 1. Disaster Information Systems The Indian vision Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India & United Nations Development Programme, India
  2. 2. Mission Statement <ul><li>Creation of a knowledge base under the proposed National Mission for Disaster Risk Reduction to facilitate planning & policy decisions for preparedness, response, recovery and mitigation at all levels. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Information systems framework for Disaster Management Reducing disaster losses & conserving developmental gains 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 1 elements Knowledge base for disaster management Facilitating 5 5 Hazard mapping & Vulnerability Assessment Database of disaster history for trend & pattern analysis Database of disaster management plan. Awareness & training materials Inventory of legal, techno legal, administrative and institutional framework Planning & Policy decision for disaster preparedness & mitigation Human & material response resources Database of Infrastructure, lifelines & critical facilities. Database of trained human resources. Demographic information GIS based information system Quick emergency response & recovery
  4. 4. Components of Knowledge based portal in India <ul><li>India National Disaster Database ( InDisData ) </li></ul><ul><li>India Disaster Resource Network ( IDRN ) </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management expertise database </li></ul><ul><li>District Disaster Management Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Risk Management Knowledge net </li></ul>Today’s focus
  5. 5. Components of Knowledge based portal in India <ul><li>India National Disaster Database ( InDisData ) </li></ul><ul><li>India Disaster Resource Network ( IDRN ) </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management expertise database </li></ul><ul><li>District Disaster Management Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Risk Management Knowledge net </li></ul>For benchmarking risk, vulnerability and associated trends
  6. 6. Components of Knowledge based portal in India <ul><li>India National Disaster Database ( InDisData ) </li></ul><ul><li>India Disaster Resource Network ( IDRN ) </li></ul><ul><li>Disaster Management expertise database </li></ul><ul><li>District Disaster Management Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Virtual Risk Management Knowledge net </li></ul>An effective decision making tool for emergency preparedness & response planning
  7. 7. Role of Disaster information system in various phases of Disaster Management <ul><ul><li>A database of past disasters effects to determine the risks in particular geographic location. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Zoning of hazards using GIS. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Validating the disaster history database with hazard maps and other external data for accuracy in risk assessment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database of existing skilled human & material resources for emergency response. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Database on human resources trained on various aspects of disaster management. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop preparedness plans based on risk, available skill & resources. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Converting Disaster Management plans into electronic documents for easy accessibility and easy updating. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mitigation strategies, policies and legislation based on statistical facts & figures from various databases. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development of a virtual knowledge net for creation of a network of institutions, developmental organizations and Government dept. for information sharing and preserving the research efforts. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Risk & vulnerability identification </li></ul><ul><li>Preparedness for response & recovery </li></ul><ul><li>Mitigation strategies and policies </li></ul>Prepare Identify Prevent
  8. 8. InDisData <ul><li>Create an inventory database of disasters that facilitates understanding of disaster patterns to improve disaster management. </li></ul><ul><li>Analysis of a systematic geo-referenced inventory of small, medium and large-scale disasters for past 30 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Creating political and bureaucratic will to manage disaster risk before the occurrence. </li></ul><ul><li>To rationalize decision making for disaster preparedness, as well as providing an objective base for vulnerability assessment and priority setting. </li></ul><ul><li>To support planning & policy decisions for disaster preparedness and mitigation. </li></ul>Objective A tool to identify trends in risk & vulnerability
  9. 9. Building systematic disaster inventory <ul><li>A methodological tool to inventorize data about characteristics and effects of diverse type of disasters known as ‘DesIneventar’ is used by many countries in the Latin America and now being tested in India. </li></ul><ul><li>The inventory focuses not only on big disasters but causes and effects of small & medium scale disasters at the local level. </li></ul><ul><li>It allows analysis of the data for local level and gives a holistic view at State and National level. </li></ul><ul><li>The database of disaster location, its effects, and its causes will in turn support the generation of Vulnerability indices for the country. </li></ul><ul><li>‘ InDisData’ pilot initiative has been taken up in Orissa to collate the above for the past 32 years has been built. </li></ul>
  10. 10. DesInventar Desinventar methodology includes two software modules <ul><li>DesInventar: </li></ul><ul><li>A relational database through which parameters like events, causes, data sources, and effects are captured </li></ul><ul><li>DesConsultar: </li></ul><ul><li>A decision making tool which uses the DesInventar database to query and analyze the database through maps, tables and thematic maps. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Orissa pilot Out come & findings <ul><li>Data collected for 30 districts and 314 blocks from News Papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Last 32 years data collected from media & Government records. </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalization with Government for sustainability. </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation and analysis of the data shows new dimensions of risk & vulnerabilities of the State. </li></ul><ul><li>Orissa ‘Vulnerability Analysis Report’ is being prepared in association with ‘Center for Development Studies’. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Orissa- Outcomes… <ul><li>Effect on Lives lost </li></ul><ul><li>Death due to epidemic is maximum followed by cyclone and drought. </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemics generally follow floods and more disastrous because of low economic level and accessibility of medical facilities. </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on Livelihood </li></ul><ul><li>. The number of victims are higher during floods in comparison to those under fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Fire makes people more vulnerable in terms of property and life but flood makes them more vulnerable in terms of livelihood, since agricultural lands get inundated. And Orissa being a predominantly agricultural economy gets shattered in times of floods. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Seasonality of Disasters
  14. 14. Seasonality of Disasters Trend of floods in Orissa
  15. 15. Inter District analysis of trends of epidemics in Orissa
  16. 17. Trend of damage to housing due to fire
  17. 18. The regional approach <ul><li>Initiative has been taken for building a disaster inventory in Nepal & Vietnam as part of a PA from BCPR. </li></ul><ul><li>A methodological training has been carried out in Nepal with participation from Govt., NGOs and UNDP. </li></ul><ul><li>Government is taking a lead along with UNDP and NSET. </li></ul><ul><li>Data collection, collation and validation is being carried out by a group of researchers. </li></ul><ul><li>Initial preparation is being initiated at Vietnam. </li></ul>
  18. 19. India National Disaster Database Way Forward… <ul><li>Replication in other states of India in partnership with social science research institutions such as ‘Center for Development Studies’ and Government of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Implementation of online version for prospective data base creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Institutionalization through IDRN and DRM programme of Govt. of India. </li></ul><ul><li>Sub-national & National level vulnerability analysis report (annual) to be institutionalized by 2005 </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Online resource inventory for disaster management </li></ul><ul><li>National initiative under the Govt. of India-UNDP DRM programme in collaboration with National Informatics Center, Government of India. </li></ul><ul><li>A database to minimize emergency response time by effective decision making on mobilization of human & material resources. </li></ul><ul><li>Online database for capturing the countrywide inventory of equipments and skilled human resources for emergency response. </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic data collection & collation from Govt. line departments ,Public Sector Units etc at the district level. </li></ul>
  20. 21. <ul><li>Decentralized inventory data collection and compilation at the District level. </li></ul><ul><li>Network of 600 districts of 35 States contributing in building a national database of resources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enabling key decision makers in block, district, State and national level to make quick decision on mobilizing equipments/ skilled human resources during emergencies. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User friendly interfaces for ease of data entry & database maintenance. </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful database query module enabling the decision makers easily locating information. </li></ul><ul><li>Various access level ensuring security of the data. </li></ul>
  21. 22. <ul><li>Together towards a safer world… </li></ul>