child labor in Tamil Nadu

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child labor in Tamil Nadu

  1. 1. <ul><li>Suji Francis </li></ul><ul><li>COHORT 4 </li></ul>Master in Global Development and Social Justice
  2. 3. <ul><li>Dharmapuri is a district from the state of Tamil Nadu. </li></ul><ul><li>Located 65 km north of Salem. </li></ul><ul><li>A part of the Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu ruled by the ancient Western Ganga Dynasty. </li></ul>
  3. 5. * Child Labor is a global phenomenon and a big issue in Tamil Nadu, India. *Dharmapuri is a city from Tamil Nadu in which child labor exists the most.
  4. 9. Child Labor is a hazard to a child’s mental, physical, social, educational, emotional and spiritual development
  5. 10. UNICEF has classified child work into 3 categories. 1. Within the family - Children are engaged without pay in domestic household tasks, agricultural pastoral work, handicraft/cottage industries etc. 2. Within the family but outside the home - Children do agricultural/pastoral work which consists of migrant labor, local agricultural work, domestic service, construction work and informal occupation e.g. recycling of waste- employed by others and self employed. 3. Outside the family - Children are employed by others in bonded work, apprenticeship, skilled trades (Carpet, embroidery, and brass/copper work), industrial unskilled occupations/ mines, domestic work, commercial work in shops and restaurants, begging, prostitution and pornography.
  6. 11. <ul><li>Poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Parental illiteracy </li></ul><ul><li>Tradition of making children learn the family skills </li></ul><ul><li>Absence of universal compulsory Primary education </li></ul><ul><li>Social apathy and tolerance of child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Ignorance of the parents about the adverse consequences of Child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Ineffective enforcement of the legal provisions pertaining to child labor </li></ul><ul><li>Non-availability of and non-accessibility to schools </li></ul><ul><li>Irrelevant and non-attractive school curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Employers prefer children as they constitute cheap labor and they are not able to organize themselves  against  exploitation. </li></ul>
  7. 12. Boy begging in the road. Busy in making patchwork bedcover Child weavers News paper seller child labor minors and self employment selling for survival of his family children performing circus
  8. 13. <ul><li>To eliminate poverty that includes improving the economic condition of the parents of children. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourage education (by establishing primary schools), because every children has the right to receive education </li></ul><ul><li>To enforce labor laws </li></ul><ul><li>To abolish child trafficking </li></ul><ul><li>To replace working children from working with adults. </li></ul>
  9. 14. <ul><li>To create an awareness of workshop organized under the NCLP for the parents of child laborers </li></ul><ul><li>Distribution of pamphlets and display of stickers on the need for the total eradication of child labor.( Public awareness) </li></ul><ul><li>Community participation is very important. Local communities from Dharmapuri such as Panchayat, Panchayat Unions and Municipalities should work together to eliminate child labor. </li></ul><ul><li>Participation of volunteers from NGO’s. </li></ul>
  10. 15. In conclusion the government action plans in Dharmapuri District work for the common good of the society above all common good of each child. Non Government Organizations and the volunteers really participate and dedicate themselves, work together to give a new life for the children
  11. 16. The Hindu Newspaper of Tamil Nadu. http://www.childlabour.tn.gov.in/ngo.htm . http://www.tamilinfoservice.com/manitham/article/2005/5.htm . http://www.ilo.org/public/english/bureau/pardev/download/mdg/mdg2.pdf)

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