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Indus Valley Civilisation


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Indus Valley Civilisation

  1. 1. Chapter 3: India
  2. 2. Revision What is civilisation? What is the difference between kingdom and empire?
  3. 3. Overview Birth of civilisation in India Features of the Indus Valley Civilisation Decline of the Indus Valley Civilisation The arrival of the Aryans
  4. 4. What comes to mind when you think of India?
  5. 5. Prior to 1920... Historians thought that the Aryans (1700 BCE) were the first Indian civilisation. Excavations in 1920 led to the finding of Mohenjo-daro. In the 1950s, Harappa was found. Information about the Indus Valley Civilisations are based purely on archaeological findings.
  6. 7. Origins Began around 3000 BCE, ended around 1900 BCE Dravidians settled in the Indus plains. Built cities e.g. Harappa and Mohenjo-daro A map showing the extent of the Indus Valley Civilisation
  7. 8. View of Mohenjodaro
  8. 10. Architecture The Great Bath The college The granary?
  9. 11. Sophisticated drainage systems and sanitary facilities
  10. 12. Economic activities Agriculture Trade Production of pottery, copper etc.
  11. 13. Occupations Farmers, craftsmen and traders King-priests who conducted religious ceremonies
  12. 14. Government Theocratic Worshipped a “Priest King”
  13. 15. Religion Worship of fertility goddesses Worship of sacred animals
  14. 16. Writing Indus seals – probably used by traders for identifying goods Not deciphered yet
  15. 17. Why did the Indus Valley Civilisation decline? Probable causes: Severe floods killed many and forced others to leave Invasion by another people – the Aryans Overpopulation
  16. 18. The Aryans Nomads, came from the Western part of Asia. Entered India in small groups, fought with Dravidians but settled down Gradually moved eastwards into Ganges valley Cultures of Dravidians and Aryans gradually mixed, as seen in Hinduism Movement of Aryans into Ganges Valley