Chapter 3- China

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Chapter 3- China

  1. 1. China Birth of civilisation
  2. 2. China today
  3. 3. Overview 1. Origins of the civilisation 2. Features of the Shang civilisation 3. End of the Shang dynasty
  4. 4. Origins <ul><li>Yangshao (3000 BCE) </li></ul><ul><li>People </li></ul><ul><li>hunted, </li></ul><ul><li>reared </li></ul><ul><li>animals </li></ul><ul><li>and farmed </li></ul>Longshan (2200 BCE) People reared animals and farmed Lived in walled communities Made pottery from potters’ wheels The Yangshao and Longshan villages
  5. 5. Yangshao 5000-3000 BCE Central Yellow River Cultivated mainly millet Domesticated dogs and pigs
  6. 6. Longshan 3000 – 2000 BCE Central/lower Yellow River Cultivated millet Reared animals More advanced than the Yangshao people
  7. 7. Shang Civilisation Shang civilisation emerged in 1523 BCE (ended in 1028 BCE). First dynasty to have written evidence.
  8. 8. Origin of the Shang civilisation Began when T'ang, a man of great virtue and wisdom, overthrew the decadent emperor Jie, the last of the Xia dynasty. versus
  9. 9. Government Ruled by Kings Believed that the ancestors of the King were able to communicate with Di (among the dead) and the ancestors. Nepotism -> Fathers pass their thrones to their sons. Picture of the Yellow Emperor (Huangdi) of the Shang dynasty
  10. 10. Variety of Occupations <ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><li>Craftsmen </li></ul><ul><li>Priests </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers </li></ul>
  11. 11. Shang bronze
  12. 12. Writing <ul><li>Pictograms </li></ul><ul><li>Found on oracle bones </li></ul><ul><li>Over 3 000 characters </li></ul><ul><li>The basis of modern </li></ul><ul><li>Chinese script </li></ul>
  13. 13. Writing
  14. 14. End of the Shang Dynasty Last Shang king, Zhou, was killed in 1100 BCE
  15. 15. The Zhou dynasty The Zhou dynasty Western Zhou (1027 – 771 BCE) Eastern Zhou (771-221 BCE)
  16. 16. The Qin dynasty At the end f the Period of the Warring states, Qin managed to unify China. (221-206 BCE)

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