Immigrant Entrepreneurship Nur Suhaili Ramli University of York, Uk
Rising of immigrant entrepreneurs United United States MalaysiaKingdom
Macro Micro Economics Economics • Interest rates • Employment •Output growth growth •Ages • Education •Sources •Gender •Finance •Experience •CharacteristicsNote: According to the study, there is a relationship between both factorsamong 3 countries compared.
Failure rate of personal bankruptcies rise, when interest rates are high and output growth is low Modest impact upon small business failure rates influenced by number of business started previously Characteristic of entrepreneurs business survives? Education of the entrepreneurs survival of firms No evidence that gender influences survival
ExperiencesLabor force Finance Problem AreasPremises Owners Management team
Consistent problem s occur Premises may be hard to find in a strategic location High rental Urban, rarely or no rural area Small sums of venture capital Banking relation matters Procedures and processes Owners motivation varies Depending on aim, interest, determined or force to Skills in developing team and manage SMEs
Should we abandon the support to start-up businesses? by David Storey, 1992 Small firms in Britain Report, Department of Employment, 1992 Entrepreneurship and a new firms, by David Storey, 1982