Russ Lomibao,MAEdMANILA, Philippines – Last May 15 2013, President Benigno Aquino III signed theEnhanced Basic Education Act of 2013 into law.As classes start on June 3 for public schools and June 10 for private, here are 10things you need to know about the K to 12 program.
Fact:ThePhilippinesis the lastcountry inAsia, andone of only 3countries(Angola andDjibouti)worldwide,with a 10-year pre-universitycycle.
The implementation of the UniversalKindergarten began in SY 2011–2012.The enhancedcurriculum for Grade1 and Grade 7 (1stYear Junior HighSchool) was rolled outin SY 2012–2013, andwill be progressivelyintroduced in the othergrade levels insucceeding schoolyears.Grade 11 will beintroduced in SY2016–2017 and Grade12 in SY 2017–2018.The 1st batch of highschool students to gothrough K to 12 willgraduate in March2018.
Kindergarten to Grade 12 is offered for free in public schools. There are additionalindirect costs, but government agencies are collaborating to provide programs that willenable everyone access to quality education, especially those with lesser means. DepEdis also developing other cost-sharing arrangements (ex. Expansion of Education ServiceContracting).
K to 12 graduates will be ready to be employed in various industries.Education Secretary Armin Luistro earlier said that "the K to 12 program wouldlike to ensure that even if they dont choose to go to college, they finishstudying what is basic."
As per Republic Act no. 10157 or the Kindergarten Education Act,Kindergarten has become part of the education system and a pre-requisite foradmission to Grade 1. Public schools will continue to admit children who havenot taken Kindergarten into Grade 1 until SY 2013-2014.
After finishing a Technical Vocational-Livelihood in Grade 12, a student may obtain aNational Certiﬁcate Level II (NC II), provided he/she passes the competency-basedassessment of the Technical Education and Skills Development Authority (TESDA).NC I and NC II improves employability of graduates in ﬁelds like Agriculture,Electronics, and Trade.Senior high school students can choose from 3 tracks: Academic, Sports and Arts, andTechnical-Vocational-Livelihood. After Grade 10, a student can obtain Certiﬁcates ofCompetency (COC) or a National Certiﬁcate Level I (NC I).
In Kinder, mother tongue, or the common language in thearea or lingua franca, shall be used as the medium ofinstruction.In Grades 1-3, the mothertongue will beused inteaching allsubjects,except inteachingFilipino andEnglishsubjects.StartingGrade 4,Filipino andEnglish willbecome thelanguages forinstruction.
Starting SY 2016-2017, DepEd shall engage in partnerships with colleges,universities, and Technical-Vocational Institutions (TVI) to use their existingfacilities and teaching staff to ensure that reduction in enrolment in thesecolleges and universities will be offset during the transition period.
Private schools are to adhere to the minimum standards of the K to 12curriculum. They should also follow the K to 12 progression, even if theychoose not to offer grades 11-12 (e.g. private junior high schools can remainas such but their students will have to transfer for senior high school).
Resources from RapplerPrepared by Ms.RussA Joint Oversight Committee from the Senate and the House ofRepresentatives shall be formed to oversee, monitor, and evaluateimplementation.