Process technology

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Process technology

  1. 1. Process technology BY ABDULK ADIR SUGAL process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  2. 2. Introduction Process Technology  There are different process technologies. Each of these process technologies is used to create and deliver products and services.  Process technology is depending on information processing technologies, customer process technologies and so as other technology.  Process technology is separated by operations. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  3. 3. What is Process Technology?  Process technology is the heart of all industries that involve the production of consumer goods from raw material: from soft drink bottlers to petroleum refineries to the production of electricity.  Process technology is essential in the production of gasoline, airplane fuel, gas, plastic soft drink bottles, glass jars and bottles, pharmaceuticals, and even Jelly Bellies. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  4. 4. What Process Technicians do? Process Technicians are key members of a team responsible for planning, analyzing, and controlling the production of products from raw materials through distribution They control, monitor and troubleshoot equipment that process raw material into products such as gasoline, electricity and plastics. They analyze, evaluate and communicate about data. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  5. 5. Strategic implication of product and process decisions Strategy of product Strategic of process decisions  Why is a product  Process structure strategy important?  Elements of a product strategy  Creating your product strategy  Power of the product strategy process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal  Customer involvement  Resource flexibility  Capital intensity
  6. 6. Strategy of product A product strategy is the ultimate vision of the product, as it states where the product will end up. Just as a business has a strategic vision of what it wants to be when it grows up, the product has its own strategy and destination process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  7. 7. Why is a product strategy important? 1 • The product strategy forms the basis for executing a product roadmap and subsequent product releases 2 • The product strategy enables the company to focus on a specific target market and feature set, instead of trying to be everything to everyone. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  8. 8. Elements of a product strategy When defining your product strategy be sure to answer the following questions. How will you price your product? What value do you provide your customers? process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal What are you selling? How will you distribute your product?
  9. 9. Creating your product strategy To create your product strategy, start with identifying the market problems you would like to solve. This includes interviewing your target market, understanding the competitive landscape and identifying how you will differentiate yourself. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal Your product strategy will change over time as you learn more about your market, and as (if) you decide to enter different markets. Listening to your market and developing your product strategy is a circular process; as you learn more, you will evolve your product strategy and the problems you solve.
  10. 10. Power of the product strategy The power of a product strategy comes from what you define as well as what you exclude. By identifying a particular target market in your product strategy, you are also excluding other markets. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  11. 11. Strategic of process decisions A process involves the use of an organization’s resources to provide something of value. For example, without processes, services can't be provided and products can't be made. Therefore, to properly manage processes, you must be able to decide how you are going to go about providing your services and/or developing your product. Process decisions directly affect the process itself and indirectly the services and the products that it provides. Whether dealing with processes for offices, service providers, or manufacturers, you must consider four very important process decisions process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  12. 12. Strategic of process decisions  Process structure: determines the process type relative to the kinds of resources needed and how resources are partitioned between them. A layout, which is the physical arrangement of operations created from the various processes, puts these decisions into tangible form.  Customer involvement: reflects the extent of customers participation in the processes.  Resource flexibility: . refers to the ease with which employees and equipment can handle a wide variety of products, output levels, duties, and functions.  Capital intensity: is the mix of equipment and human skills in a process. As the relative cost of equipment increases, so does capital intensity. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  13. 13. Process planning and design overview  At the time of designing a product, preliminary consideration is given to the capacity of the firm to manufacture the product. The technology required and the particular machines and processes needed are determined and compared to what is available in the firm  If production is compatible with the existing manufacturing capacity or if the needed capacity can be acquired, the decision is taken to continue designing the product .If not, the decision may be to terminate the design effort.  process planning and process design must be taken up .As the process plans are firmly established, the processing time requirements of specific machinery and equipment are generated. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  14. 14. Process Planning  Process planning is concerned with planning the conversion or transformation processes needed to convert the materials into finished products  A production process is a series of manufacturing operations performed at workstations to achieve the design specifications of the planned output process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  15. 15. Process Design Process design is concerned with the overall sequence of operations required to achieve the product specifications. It specifies the type of work stations that are to be used, the machines and equipment necessary and the quantities in which each are required. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  16. 16. Process Design THE SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS IN THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS IS DETERMINED BY The nature of the product The materials used The quantities being produced process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  17. 17. Operations Design Operations design is concerned with the design of the individual manufacturing operations .It consists of examining the man-machine relationship in the manufacturing process for converting the raw materials into the finished or semifinished product process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal .Operations design must specify how much of man and machine time is required for each unit of production
  18. 18. Work measurement Work measurement is the application of techniques designed to establish the time for a qualified worker to carry out a specified job at a defined level of performance. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  19. 19. The Purpose of Work Measurement  Work measurement is concerned with investigating, reducing and subsequently eliminating ineffective time, that is time during which no effective work is being performed, whatever the cause.  Work measurement, as the name suggests, provides management with a means of measuring the time taken in the performance of an operation or series of operations in such a way that ineffective time is shown up and can be separated from effective time process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  20. 20. The Uses of Work Measurement Revealing existing causes of ineffective time through study, important though it is, is perhaps less important in the long term than the setting of sound time standards, since these will continue to apply as long as the work to which they refer continues to be done. They will also show up any ineffective time or additional work which may occur once they have been established. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  21. 21. In the process of setting standards it may be necessary to use work measurement:  To compare the efficiency of alternative methods. Other conditions being equal, the method which takes the least time will be the best method.  To balance the work of members of teams, in association with multiple activity charts, so that, as nearly as possible, each member has a task taking an equal time to perform.  To determine, in association with man and machine multiple activity charts, the number of machines an operative can run. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  22. 22. The time standards, once set, may then be used  To provide information on which the planning and scheduling of production can be based, including the plant and labor requirements for carrying out the programme of work and the utilization of available capacity.  To provide information on which estimates for tenders, selling prices and delivery promises can be based.  To set standards of machine utilization and labor performance which can be used for any of the above purposes and as a basis for incentive schemes? process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  23. 23. The time standards, once set, may then be used, cont…. To provide information for labour-cost control and to enable standard costs to be fixed and maintained. It is thus clear that work measurement provides the basic information necessary for all the activities of organizing and controlling the work of an enterprise in which the time element plays a part. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  24. 24. Techniques of work measurement  Time study • Activity sampling • Predetermined motion time systems process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  25. 25. Time study  Time Study consists of recording times and rates of work for elements of a specified job carried out under specified conditions to obtain the time necessary to carry out a job at a defined level of performance process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  26. 26. Activity sampling  Activity sampling is a technique in which a large number of instantaneous observations are made over a period of time of a group of machines, processes or workers. process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  27. 27. Predetermined motion time systems  A predetermined motion time system is a work measurement technique whereby times established for basic human motions (classified according to the nature of the motion and the conditions under which it is made) are used to build up the time for a job at a defined level of performance process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal
  28. 28. End of report process technology, feb 2014 abdulkadir sugal

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