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Hygiene For Health


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A short presentation made for the Girl Guides of Ga. Villingili School, Maldives. Presentation on general hygiene and an introduction to the new sewage system being installed on the island by the American Red Cross tsunami recovery program.

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Hygiene For Health

  1. 1. Hygiene For Health
  2. 2. What is hygiene? <ul><li>Preservation of health and healthy living. </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the incidence and spreading of disease </li></ul><ul><li>body hygiene, domestic hygiene, dental hygiene, occupational hygiene </li></ul>
  3. 3. What are germs?
  4. 4. Are all germs bad?
  5. 5. What are our defenses?
  6. 6. Ignaz Semmelweis 1847 - hand washing with chlorinated lime solution
  7. 7. Why do we sneeze?
  8. 8. How else do germs spread? <ul><li>Vectors </li></ul><ul><li>Airborne </li></ul><ul><li>Improper cooking </li></ul><ul><li>Hand to Mouth </li></ul>
  9. 9. Good hygiene practices <ul><li>Bathing regularly and properly </li></ul><ul><li>Wearing clean clothes </li></ul><ul><li>Brushing teeth </li></ul><ul><li>Cut your nails regularly </li></ul><ul><li>Eating clean, properly cooked food </li></ul><ul><li>Drink clean water </li></ul><ul><li>Keep the house and your belongings clean </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t put your hand in the mouth unnecessarily </li></ul><ul><li>Cover your cough and sneeze </li></ul><ul><li>Wash hands regularly </li></ul>
  10. 10. Why do we wash hands?
  11. 12. How to wash hands <ul><li>Wet hands under running water; </li></ul><ul><li>Apply soap and rub hands together to make a soapy lather; </li></ul><ul><li>Close the water tap, and then rub the palms, backs of hands, between fingers, back of fingers, thumbs, finger tips and wrist. Do this for at least 20 seconds; </li></ul><ul><li>Rinse hands thoroughly under running water; </li></ul><ul><li>Dry hands thoroughly with either a clean cotton towel, a paper towel. </li></ul>
  12. 13. When should we wash hands? <ul><li>After playing with toys, books </li></ul><ul><li>After cleaning the house or your belongings </li></ul><ul><li>After sneezing or coughing </li></ul><ul><li>After helping or visiting someone who is sick </li></ul><ul><li>After coming home from school, or outside </li></ul><ul><li>As often as possible </li></ul>
  13. 14. Most importantly!!!
  14. 15. Brushing your teeth
  15. 16. Questions ?
  16. 17. What’s the point? Sewage leaks into the ground
  17. 18. Waste Water Management System
  18. 19. The Septic Tank
  19. 20. The Septic Tank
  20. 21. Outfall Pipe To Deep Sea
  21. 22. <ul><li>Protect the environment including the island, water wells, lagoon and reef </li></ul><ul><li>Clean beaches </li></ul><ul><li>Healthy living </li></ul>
  22. 23. Household maintenance Conserve water as much as possible
  23. 24. Avoid access water getting into the system
  24. 25. Do not put inappropriate things into the system
  25. 26. Don’t put oil and chemicals into the system
  26. 27. Use septic tank friendly chemicals to clean the toilets
  27. 28. Do not open or enter the septic tank unless you are trained and with required safety equipment
  28. 29. ?