Russian & Central Asian Culture

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Russian & Central Asian Culture

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Russian & Central Asian Culture

  1. 1. Russian History and Culture Eleanor Joyce City of Salem Schools Salem, Virginia Rev. by Cynthia Jordan Phoebus High School
  2. 2. Russian History <ul><li>1861: Serfs freed </li></ul><ul><li>1904-05: War with Japan </li></ul><ul><li>1917: Bolshevik Revolution, Czar overthrown </li></ul><ul><li>1924: Lenin dies </li></ul><ul><li>1924-53: Stalin in power, 30 million killed in war/opposition </li></ul><ul><li>1939-45: World War II — “Great Patriotic War” </li></ul><ul><li>1941-45: Russia allied with US/UK </li></ul><ul><li>1953: Stalin dies, Khrushchev promotes “peaceful coexistence” </li></ul><ul><li>1955: Warsaw Pact formed </li></ul><ul><li>1962: Cuban Missile Crisis </li></ul><ul><li>1964: Brezhnev boots out Khrushchev </li></ul><ul><li>1985: Gorbachev becomes Premier </li></ul><ul><li>1991: U.S.S.R. breaks apart; Russian Federation and CIS is formed </li></ul><ul><li>1991: Yeltsin becomes President of the newly formed Russian Federation </li></ul><ul><li>1993: New Constitution </li></ul>
  3. 3. Famous Russians <ul><li>Tsar Peter the Great </li></ul><ul><li>Alexander Pushkin, Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Leo Tolstoy, Novelist & Philosopher </li></ul><ul><li>Yuri Gargarin, 1 st human in space </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Gorbachev Era (1985-91) <ul><li>Reforms: </li></ul><ul><li>Perestroika — economic restructuring </li></ul><ul><li>Glasnost--openness </li></ul>
  5. 5. Government: Moscow is Capital The Kremlin is Russia's mythic refuge, a self-contained city with a multitude of palaces, armories, and churches — a medieval fortress that links the modern nation to its legendary past. All photos from http://www.galenfrysinger.com/moscow_2001.htm no copyright
  6. 6. The Center of Russian Government <ul><li>Red Square in Moscow </li></ul>http://www.coolfamily.com/Siberia/02%20Entering%20Red%20Square.JPG no copyright
  7. 7. An example of the rapidly built, pre-fabricated, apartment complexes built throughout the Soviet Union during the rule of the Communists to ensure all people had adequate housing. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  8. 8. Completed apartment building. This is typical of hundreds of apartments built throughout the Soviet Union. The apartments were small and crowded. Families shared bathrooms. http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  9. 9. Culture <ul><li>The main religion in Russia is Christian, and the major denomination is the Russian Orthodox Church. The church architecture is distinguished by the presence of the onion dome. This photo is of St. Basil’s Cathedral in Red Square in Moscow. </li></ul>http://www.galenfrysinger.com/russia.htm no copyright
  10. 10. Culture <ul><li>Icons are displayed on the walls and on special stands in the Russian Orthodox Church to remind believers about Jesus Christ and events in his life and about the saints. </li></ul>Mother of God Jesus Christ People kiss icons and light candles in front of them to show that they love the person depicted in the icon. These actions are also signs of asking the person for help or for a blessing. http://www.request.org.uk/main/churches/orthodox/christ.jpg No copyright
  11. 11. Culture <ul><li>Bolshoy Theatre </li></ul><ul><li>The Bolshoy is considered one of the best opera and ballet theatres in the world. As with many other things, tickets are more expensive for foreigners than for Russian citizens. </li></ul>http://www.nssnt.org/SpaceBallet_files/image005.jpg no copyright information
  12. 12. St. Petersburg Russia <ul><li>Gives Russia a port on </li></ul><ul><li>the Baltic Sea </li></ul><ul><li>“Jewel of Russia” </li></ul><ul><li>Cathedral of Spilled </li></ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul>
  13. 13. St. Petersburg <ul><li>Chapel at Catherine’s Palace </li></ul><ul><li>Winter Channel </li></ul>
  14. 14. Religion in the rest of the region <ul><li>Islam is the major religion in Uzbekistan, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, & Kazakhstan </li></ul>
  15. 15. Mosques & Minarets dot the cultural landscape of the independent nations <ul><li>Minarets are generally </li></ul><ul><li>tall, graceful spires, with </li></ul><ul><li>onion-shaped crowns, </li></ul><ul><li>usually either free standing </li></ul><ul><li>or much taller than any </li></ul><ul><li>surrounding support </li></ul><ul><li>structure. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Culture The circus is popular in Russia. <ul><li>http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Acrobat3.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Used with permission </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Horses-1.jpg </li></ul><ul><li>Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. </li></ul><ul><li>Used with permission </li></ul>http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/Circus-Acrobat-2.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved Used with permission
  17. 17. Culture This photograph depicts the art and architecture of the Moscow metro. Here inside a metro station, a painted mural honors the workers. http://www.armory.com/~alexia/trip/moscow-jpg/MetroKomsomolskayaMural-2.jpg Picture copyright 1997 Sandy and Bela Lubkin, all rights reserved. Used with permission
  18. 18. Culture The Moscow metro stations compete with some of the most beautiful buildings in Moscow. Click this link http://www.geocities.com/bmetro1/moscow.html to view photos of many beautiful metro stations in Moscow.
  19. 19. Culture Russian wooden dolls with smaller dolls nested inside them are called matrioshka . Among peasants, the name Matriosha was a very popular female name. This name has a Latin root, &quot;mater,&quot; which means &quot;Mother.&quot; It is associated with the image of the mother of a big peasant family who was very healthy and had a portly figure. http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=2926072723&category=2391 no copyright
  20. 20. Making the dolls
  21. 21. Culture <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>A samovar is an elaborate Russian tea pot. Tea was introduced to Russia in the 17 th century by the Mongols. Tea was first used as a medicine for the nobility. </li></ul>http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=3517635552&category=4174 No copyright information
  22. 22. Culture Fabergé Eggs http://users.vnet.net/schulman/Faberge/eggs.html#illus no copyright Around 1885, Russian jeweler Peter Carl Fabergé took the decoration of eggs to new heights. He volunteered to create a jewelry egg for Czar Alexander III to give his wife, Marie. Fabergé kept the egg a secret, but delighted the royal family with a jeweled looking &quot;egg&quot; that had tiny surprises made of gold, enamel, and precious gems inside.
  23. 23. Beautiful Tapestries <ul><ul><li>Weaving wool is part of the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional crafts of the region </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. Russian Village http://www.coolfamily.com/Siberia/22%20Buryat%20village-Khuzhir.JPG no copyright
  25. 25. Siberian Village <ul><li>Mountain Village </li></ul>
  26. 26. Another village <ul><li>Notice how colorful the house is </li></ul>
  27. 27. Portable Yurts are homes for nomads in Central Asia http://www.dreamchange.org/library/yurt.jpg no copyright
  28. 28. <ul><li>Natural gas is transported through pipelines in the taiga. </li></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/misc/ used with permission for educational purposes Shipping Natural Resources
  29. 29. Citizens at work in the USSR <ul><ul><li>An assembly line worker works on the axle of a car. Workplaces in the Soviet Union provided more than just work — they also provided a variety of social services related to work and proactively built a sense of community among workers. (circa 1980s) </li></ul></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  30. 30. Citizens at work in the USSR <ul><li>A worker operates a silk-spinning machine. </li></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  31. 31. Citizens at work in the USSR <ul><li>A forklift operator </li></ul><ul><li>(circa 1980s) </li></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  32. 32. Citizens at work in the USSR <ul><li>A worker and his family float timber down a river. (circa 1950s) </li></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  33. 33. Citizens at work in the USSR <ul><li>Women working beside men lever a section of the Trans-Siberian Railroad track into place. In some places, the track cannot be used for two years because the permafrost will move and settle the tracks. The railway crosses seven mountain ranges and spans 3,700 gorges, swamps, streams, and rivers. </li></ul>http://www.marxists.org/history/ussr/art/photography/workers/index.htm Used with permission
  34. 34. The results of unchecked pollution <ul><li>Magnitogorsk, Russia. 1993. On winter Sundays, men gather to drill fishing holes in the thick ice covering the Ural River. Knowing that the river is highly polluted by waste water from one of the world’s largest steel plants, they often sell their catch rather than consume it themselves. </li></ul>http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes
  35. 35. The results of unchecked pollution <ul><li>Baku, Azerbaijan. 1993. With forests of oil rigs in their back yard, the children of suburban Baku have learned to use the vicious pools of runoff from dilapidated and leaky pumps as substitutes for missing playgrounds . </li></ul>http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes
  36. 36. The results of unchecked pollution <ul><li>People collect kerosene that leaks from underground tanks. There is so much leaking kerosene that people have started to dig wells and ditches to collect about 600 liters per day. “Kerosene-exploration&quot; has become a commercial venture. Students or pensioners are employed to work in shifts around the clock, and a certain percentage of the profit goes to the local mafia. A teacher said that the money he gets for two days of collecting kerosene equals his monthly salary. </li></ul>http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes
  37. 37. The results of unchecked pollution <ul><li>In Novokuznetsk, Russia, KMK (Kuznetsk Metallurgical Kombinate), a huge steel plant and the main polluter in town, belches thick smoke filled with carbon monoxide into the Siberian sky.  </li></ul>http://www.digitaljournalist.org/issue9909/pollution01.htm Permission granted for educational purposes
  38. 38. Trans-Siberian Railroad <ul><li>Longest railway in the world: almost 6000 miles long </li></ul><ul><li>a network of railways connecting Moscow and European Russia with the Russian Far East provinces, Mongolia, China and the Sea of Japan. </li></ul>
  39. 39. Map of Trans Siberian Railway <ul><li>Amur Baikal Main Line is in green. </li></ul>
  40. 40. Many Diverse Ethnic Groups <ul><li>Russians </li></ul><ul><li>Kazakhs </li></ul><ul><li>Uzbeks </li></ul><ul><li>Turkmen </li></ul><ul><li>Azerbaijanis </li></ul>
  41. 41. Russians <ul><li>Veterans of the Cold War </li></ul><ul><li>Russian Basketball </li></ul><ul><li>School Children </li></ul>
  42. 42. More Russians <ul><li>Russians sun bathing at a wall and, yes, that is snow! </li></ul>
  43. 43. Kazakhs <ul><li>Shepherd </li></ul><ul><li>Nomad with horse </li></ul><ul><li>and camels </li></ul><ul><li>Yurt and Women </li></ul><ul><li>praying in Yurt </li></ul>
  44. 44. Uzbeks <ul><li>Many </li></ul><ul><li>Faces </li></ul>
  45. 45. Turkmen <ul><li>Veterans, Traders, Bride, </li></ul><ul><li>Young girl and old man </li></ul>
  46. 46. Look at those hats! <ul><li>Turkmen Telpek- A skullcap covered with </li></ul><ul><li>lamb’s wool </li></ul>
  47. 47. Azerbaijanis <ul><li>Men at mosque </li></ul><ul><li>Aziza Mustafa Zadeh </li></ul><ul><li>jazz singer </li></ul><ul><li>Women shopping </li></ul>

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