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Nativo vs. Cross-Platform
Caminhos e Alternativas
@SuelenGC
Obrigada!
@SuelenGC | www.suelengc.com.br
Arquiteta de Software no MapLink
Instrutora na Caelum
Suelen Goularte Carvalho
Quando pensamos em
desenvolvimento mobile,
temos que considerar pelo
menos 2 plataformas.
IDC: Android, Windows Phone see robust growth, iOS plateaus, BlackBerry and others flailing
IDC - Top Smartphones Operatin...
Device APIs
010110101010100
101010100010001
001001001111010
101110100011110
101010110101000
10001000101...
Aplicação Nativ...
The obvious route is to build a native
app for each device.
Martin Fowler, QConSP 2012
Nativo
Aplicativos nativos são desenvolvidos para uma plataforma específica.
O desenvolvimento é feito utilizando linguage...
Padrões de UI e UX
Instalação pelas App Store’s
Acesso a recursos avançados
Ferramentas de testes
SDK facilita no desenvol...
Tempo e esforço para lançar em todas as
plataformas
Conhecimento específico
Muitos projetos para manter
Atualização depend...
Cross-Plataform
Aplicativo cross-plataform podem ser instalados em mais de uma
plataforma com pouco ou nenhum esforço. Bas...
Por atender várias plataformas mobiles diferentes
Fácil disponibilizar novas funcionalidades
Não é necessário passar por A...
A UX do aplicativo não terá o tom característico do
dispositivo.
Testar aplicativos cross-platform pode ser considerado
ma...
Funcionalidade Nativo Híbrido Web
Linguagem de desenvolvimento Apenas nativo
Nativo e web ou
apenas web
Web apenas
Portabi...
Conclusão:
Hoje temos diversas opções e
ferramentas, para todos os
bolsos e objetivos.
Pense sobre eles e
escolha o seu!
Dúvidas?
@SuelenGC | www.suelengc.com.br
Referências:
Aplicações Mobile: Web ou Nativa?
http://blog.caelum.com.br/aplicacoes-mobile-web-ou-nativa/
Facebook for iOS...
Nativo vs. Cross-Plataform: Caminhos e Alternativas
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Nativo vs. Cross-Plataform: Caminhos e Alternativas

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Apresentação realizada na trilha de short talks de 15 minutos no QCon SP 2013.

Resumo:
Uma questão em pauta por desenvolvedores mobile e empresários é se devem desenvolver seus aplicativos móveis com a tecnologia nativa ou usar uma cross-platform, em que, em teoria, desenvolve-se uma vez e roda em vários dispositivos. Nessa palestra são analisadas de forma pragmática as vantagens e desvantagens de cada abordagem.

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Nativo vs. Cross-Plataform: Caminhos e Alternativas

  1. 1. Nativo vs. Cross-Platform Caminhos e Alternativas @SuelenGC
  2. 2. Obrigada! @SuelenGC | www.suelengc.com.br Arquiteta de Software no MapLink Instrutora na Caelum Suelen Goularte Carvalho
  3. 3. Quando pensamos em desenvolvimento mobile, temos que considerar pelo menos 2 plataformas.
  4. 4. IDC: Android, Windows Phone see robust growth, iOS plateaus, BlackBerry and others flailing IDC - Top Smartphones Operating Systems, Shipments and Market Share
  5. 5. Device APIs 010110101010100 101010100010001 001001001111010 101110100011110 101010110101000 10001000101... Aplicação Nativa Nativo Browser Mobile <html> <body> … </body> </html> Código Web Device APIs Híbrido Container Nativo <html> <body> … </body> </html> Código Web Web Cross-Plataform Basicamente, temos 3 formas de desenvolver app’s mobile
  6. 6. The obvious route is to build a native app for each device. Martin Fowler, QConSP 2012
  7. 7. Nativo Aplicativos nativos são desenvolvidos para uma plataforma específica. O desenvolvimento é feito utilizando linguagem, SDK e IDE de cada plataforma. xCode + ObjectiveC Eclipse + Java Visual Studio + C#
  8. 8. Padrões de UI e UX Instalação pelas App Store’s Acesso a recursos avançados Ferramentas de testes SDK facilita no desenvolvimento Vantagens Melhor usabilidade!
  9. 9. Tempo e esforço para lançar em todas as plataformas Conhecimento específico Muitos projetos para manter Atualização depende das App Store’s e do usuário Custo! Desvantagens
  10. 10. Cross-Plataform Aplicativo cross-plataform podem ser instalados em mais de uma plataforma com pouco ou nenhum esforço. Basicamente são divididos em híbridos e webapp’s. Existem muitas ferramentas para o desenvolvimento e podem ser usadas diversas linguagens, sendo muito comuns as web.
  11. 11. Por atender várias plataformas mobiles diferentes Fácil disponibilizar novas funcionalidades Não é necessário passar por Apple/Play Store ou ter que esperar o usuário baixar uma versão nova Não precisa se submeter a nenhuma regra específica das app store’s Vantagens
  12. 12. A UX do aplicativo não terá o tom característico do dispositivo. Testar aplicativos cross-platform pode ser considerado mais complicado, uma vez que diferentes Pode ser mais difícil ou até mesmo impossível trabalhar offline Plataformas possuem diferentes comportamentos e bugs Desvantagens
  13. 13. Funcionalidade Nativo Híbrido Web Linguagem de desenvolvimento Apenas nativo Nativo e web ou apenas web Web apenas Portabilidade - Alto Alto Acesso a recursos específicos do device (acelerômetro, GPS, câmera) Alto Médio Baixo Conhecimento prévio Baixo Alto Alto Gráficos avançados Alto Médio Médio Flexibilidade de deploy Baixo (depende da app store) Baixo (normalmente pela appstore) Alto Experiências de instalação Alto (pela appstore) Alto (pela appstore) Baixo (acesso pelo browser) Em resumo...
  14. 14. Conclusão: Hoje temos diversas opções e ferramentas, para todos os bolsos e objetivos. Pense sobre eles e escolha o seu!
  15. 15. Dúvidas? @SuelenGC | www.suelengc.com.br
  16. 16. Referências: Aplicações Mobile: Web ou Nativa? http://blog.caelum.com.br/aplicacoes-mobile-web-ou-nativa/ Facebook for iOS goes native, waves goodbye to HTML 5 http://www.theverge.com/2012/8/23/3262782/facebook-for-ios-native-app The FT web app http://labs.ft.com/articles/the-ft-web-app/ Wikipidia - Cross-Pataform http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cross-platform#Challenges_to_cross-platform_development Mobile applications: native v Web apps – what are the pros and cons? http://mobithinking.com/native-or-web-app Which Cross Platform Mobile Development Platform Should You Choose? (+) http://simpleprogrammer.com/2013/07/01/cross-platform-mobile-development/ Benefits and Disadvantages of Developing Cross-Platform Mobile Apps (+) http://socialmediatoday.com/node/1613271 Wikipidia - Mobile application development http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mobile_application_development#Mobile_application_testing IDC: Android, Windows Phone see robust growth, iOS plateaus, BlackBerry and others flailing http://www.phonearena.com/news/IDC-Android-Windows-Phone-see-robust-growth-iOS-plateaus- BlackBerry-and-others-flailing_id46161

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