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Lifespan transitions

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An introduction to life-span transitions

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Lifespan transitions

  1. 1. Lifespan TransitionsUnderstanding and supporting transition
  2. 2. A psychodynamic view: Blos (1967) Adolescence a second period of individuation (first was becoming self- reliant toddler). Reindividuation requires split from parents (overreaction to parental authority?) and assertion of individuality. Emotional emptiness results from separation from parents – satisfied by group experiences.
  3. 3. A psychodynamic view: Blos (1967) Regression viewed by Blos as a healthy and necessary response to stress. This may be to an infantile stage (in order to receive substitute parenting) or involve hero- worship (acting as substitute parent). Rebellion an important form of ego defence to prevent adolescents becoming dependent on parents again.
  4. 4. A psychodynamic view: Blos (1967) Steinberg & Silverberg (1986) measured emotional autonomy (degree of emotional independence adolescents feel from their parents). Large sample of American 10-16s. As autonomy increased so did peer dependence, most strongly between 11 and 13. However Ryan & Lynch (1989) argued that children may engage strongly in peer relationships because of a lack of emotional satisfaction at home.
  5. 5. Daniel Levinson (1977) – The Seasons of a Man’s Life Freud/Piaget stages end with adolescence Considers the whole lifespan Studied 40 American men aged 35-45 Two key concepts in Levinsons model are the stable period and the transitional period in a persons development.  The stable period - make choices in life and seek goals.  The transitional period is the end of a persons stage and the beginning of a new stage.
  6. 6. Daniel Levinson – The Seasons of a Man’s Life 1. Childhood and adolescence:0-20 2. Early adulthood: 17-45  Early adult transition-17-22  Entering the adult world-22-28  Age thirty transition-28-33  Settling down-33-40 3. Middle adulthood: age 40-65  Midlife transition-40-45  Entering middle adulthood-45-50  Age fifty transition-50-55  Culmination of middle adulthood-55-60 4. Late adulthood: age 60 onwards  Late adult transition-60-65

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