GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A RESEARCH PROPOSAL Abdul Rashid Moten (UIAM)
<ul><li>A problem may be stated in terms of a verbal statement, i.e., “ The purpose of this research is…” or in the form o...
Justification Of The Problem <ul><li>Is the project current enough to be interesting? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it relate to ...
<ul><li>The literature review helps place the proposed study under the general body of knowledge and saves duplication. </...
1.  What type of research has been done in the area? 2.  What research questions have been asked (what theories have been ...
<ul><li>A research problem should, where possible, be set within the framework of A theory.  A ‘theory’ is simply defined ...
Hypothesis <ul><li>Must state each hypothesis explicitly </li></ul><ul><li>ii.  It is advised that the hypothesis be state...
<ul><li>Identify the variables with reference to whether they are “criterion” or “predictor” or “mediator”. </li></ul><ul>...
Methodology Of  Data Collection <ul><li>The number of respondents and the manner of their selection. </li></ul><ul><li>ii....
<ul><li>Analysis could be nonnumeric concerning quality rather than quantity.  A philosophic analysis would, for example, ...
Concluding Remarks  On Research Proposal <ul><li>Every effort should be made to limit the length of a proposal.  As a rule...
<ul><li>There is no maximum limit to the number of sources that can be examined for the literature review.  The proposal, ...
<ul><li>The thesis may use any of the common referencing systems (e.g., APA, MLA, and CMS).  Whatever the style and format...
<ul><li>Ensure that the thesis is devoid of grammatical errors.  Computers do provide some clues for spelling and grammar,...
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Guidelines for preparing a research proposal

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Guidelines for preparing a research proposal

  1. 1. GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING A RESEARCH PROPOSAL Abdul Rashid Moten (UIAM)
  2. 2. <ul><li>A problem may be stated in terms of a verbal statement, i.e., “ The purpose of this research is…” or in the form of a question like : “Why are Muslims divided?” etc. or in both. </li></ul>Statement Of The Problem
  3. 3. Justification Of The Problem <ul><li>Is the project current enough to be interesting? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it relate to a practical problem, faced by the individual, the society, the Ummah or humanity as a whole? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it clarify an important concept or extend knowledge in a discipline? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it create or contribute to a theory or improve an instrument? </li></ul><ul><li>Does it promote Islamization of Knowledge? </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>The literature review helps place the proposed study under the general body of knowledge and saves duplication. </li></ul><ul><li>The literature review helps develop in the language of Blalock : inventories of causes, inventories of effect and models of complex processes, chains and loops. </li></ul><ul><li>The literature review is neither a summary of related works nor a mere catalogue of previous studies published in the field. </li></ul>LITERATURE REVIEW
  5. 5. 1. What type of research has been done in the area? 2. What research questions have been asked (what theories have been posed)? 3. How have researchers gone about answering those questions? That is, how did they define variables? What research methods did they use? 4. What suggestions do other researchers make for further study? 5. What has not been investigated? 6. How can the proposed study add to further knowledge in the area? In evaluating the literature, the following questions should be asked :
  6. 6. <ul><li>A research problem should, where possible, be set within the framework of A theory. A ‘theory’ is simply defined as an interrelated set of propositions aimed at explaining A phenomenon </li></ul>Theoretical Framework
  7. 7. Hypothesis <ul><li>Must state each hypothesis explicitly </li></ul><ul><li>ii. It is advised that the hypothesis be stated in the form of a null hypothesis as a guide to statistical analysis </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Identify the variables with reference to whether they are “criterion” or “predictor” or “mediator”. </li></ul><ul><li>Define the variables or terms conceptually. </li></ul><ul><li>Define the variables operationally, i.e., by reference to operations necessary for their measurement. </li></ul>Conceptual And Operational Definitions
  9. 9. Methodology Of Data Collection <ul><li>The number of respondents and the manner of their selection. </li></ul><ul><li>ii. Approximate number of questions to be asked of each respondent. </li></ul><ul><li>iii. Approximate time needed for each interview. </li></ul><ul><li>iv. The means of collecting the data – that is, whether by direct interview, e-mail or by any other means. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Analysis could be nonnumeric concerning quality rather than quantity. A philosophic analysis would, for example, subject the thought of an individual or a movement to the most rigorous tests of its logic and internal consistency. </li></ul>Analysis And Interpretation
  11. 11. Concluding Remarks On Research Proposal <ul><li>Every effort should be made to limit the length of a proposal. As a rule of thumb, the proposal should not exceed 5,000 words (about 18-20 typed, double-spaced pages). </li></ul><ul><li>Nevertheless, the proposal must be of adequate length to describe, in fair detail, the nature of the proposed project as outlined above. It will be necessary to edit the work to stay within the word limit. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>There is no maximum limit to the number of sources that can be examined for the literature review. The proposal, however, must indicate an awareness and knowledge of the appropriate research literature. Please avoid the overuse of direct quotes. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The thesis may use any of the common referencing systems (e.g., APA, MLA, and CMS). Whatever the style and format used, the most important rule is to be consistent. </li></ul><ul><li>Plagiarism is a serious offence. Academic, ethical and moral standards must be maintained. </li></ul><ul><li>Footnotes should be placed at the foot of the page and not at the end of the chapter. It makes for easy reading. </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Ensure that the thesis is devoid of grammatical errors. Computers do provide some clues for spelling and grammar, but a good editing job is absolutely essential. </li></ul>

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