Education - Kumar Gaurav IIM Indore


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Education - Kumar Gaurav IIM Indore

  1. 1. Ignite Education Objective Idea for ensuring primary education accessible to masses Kumar Gaurav Gupta IIm Indore
  2. 2. Snapshot: Status of Primary education Structure Infrastructure Source: Based on research done by DISE in 11,24,033 schools, 2006 Second Largest Education System in the World Increase in Expenditure as % of GDP <ul><li>87.23 % schools are located in </li></ul><ul><li>the rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>91 percent of the total primary </li></ul><ul><li>schools are located in rural areas </li></ul><ul><li>Uttar Pradesh with highest no. of </li></ul><ul><li>districts has highest no of schools </li></ul><ul><li>65.67 % are independent primary </li></ul><ul><li>schools </li></ul><ul><li>83.14 % of the total schools are </li></ul><ul><li>government run school </li></ul><ul><li>GPI of 0.92 in Primary </li></ul><ul><li>About 48 % (15,791 schools) of the </li></ul><ul><li>total schools without enrolment are </li></ul><ul><li>the Primary schools </li></ul><ul><li>1.29 % primary schools have no </li></ul><ul><li>teacher and another 16.58 % are </li></ul><ul><li>single teacher schools </li></ul><ul><li>Pupil teacher ration of 76:1 </li></ul><ul><li>Of the total schools opened since </li></ul><ul><li>1994-95, about 68.28 % were primary </li></ul><ul><li>schools and most of these also had </li></ul><ul><li>their school building </li></ul><ul><li>71.31% primary schools have pucca </li></ul><ul><li>buildings as compared to 9.47% </li></ul><ul><li>having partially pucca and another </li></ul><ul><li>1.98 % kuchcha buildings </li></ul><ul><li>Have an average of 2.7 instructional </li></ul><ul><li>rooms </li></ul><ul><li>Least percentage (66.07) of good </li></ul><ul><li>classrooms and 23.01 % classrooms </li></ul><ul><li>needed minor repairs and 10.92 % </li></ul><ul><li>major repairs </li></ul><ul><li>42 Students per classroom, higher </li></ul><ul><li>than other types of schools </li></ul><ul><li>1.29 % primary schools have no </li></ul><ul><li>teacher and another 16.58 % are </li></ul><ul><li>single teacher schools </li></ul><ul><li>81.12 % primary schools have drinking </li></ul><ul><li>water facility in school </li></ul>In spite of the adoption of 'mission mode' to universalize elementary education, the dropout rate continues to be high
  3. 3. Increase in Enrolment But Dropout remains high… <ul><li>According to official sources, the dropout rate at the primary level (Class I to V) for girls is 33.72% and for boys it is 35.5% </li></ul><ul><li>Dropout rates are even more alarming at </li></ul><ul><li>the elementary level (Class I to VIII) where 53.45% of girls and 52.28% of boys drop out of school </li></ul>
  4. 4. Hence, Key Pain Points and Possible Options… Poor Economic Condition Low awareness among parents Perceived Opportunity Cost is High Lack of Community Pressure Inadequate Facilities Large disbursal of allocated Funds without any supervision Make it affordable: Micro financing could be one solution Educate Parents Complement primary education with vocational training Build Community Ownership, Community based Schools Partner with an Entrepreneur /Private Investor Collaborative Partnership with Private Player
  5. 5. There has been already one business model… <ul><li>Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Won the Social Enterprise track of the annual HBS Business Plan contest in 2003 </li></ul><ul><li>3 Founders: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Harvard Business School MBA '03 students Raj De Datta, Arvind Krishnamurthy, and Meghna Modi </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Genesis of Gyaana </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two observations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Critical importance of education as the building block of any initiative to empower the poor and the equally critical importance of available credit to allow poorer families to invest in their future </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of application of concepts of microfinance to the problems of education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Business Model </li></ul><ul><li>Brokering microfinance loans to families in the service of keeping schoolchildren in the classroom </li></ul><ul><li>Three Phases: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I Phase: Formal education from Classes VI – VIII </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>II Phase: Two years of vocational training </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>III Phase: Asking the children to pay back loans with accrued interest </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Current Status: No information available on Internet </li></ul>Case Study: Gyaana
  6. 6. Proposed Solution Objective Solution for providing good quality primary education to the masses, at the lowest possible price Proposed Solution A chain of primary schools operating on collaborative model where all the stake holders have fractional ownership* Entrepreneur Government Micro-Finance Organization Community *the focus is on providing quality education and reduce drop outs
  7. 7. Proposed Solution: Key Characteristics Fractional ownership of the trust that owns the chain of schools. Stakeholders involved: Private Players <ul><li>Brings money and operational experience </li></ul><ul><li>Ensures there is transparency in operations </li></ul><ul><li>Also ensures that infrastructure is well placed </li></ul><ul><li>Owns majority of stakes </li></ul>Government <ul><li>Through Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan Initiative* would ensure that following regulations are followed: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It (society/trust) shall ensure that the school is run as a community service and not as a business and that commercialization does not take place in the school in any shape whatsoever. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It shall ensure that the funds accruing from the school are spent for the benefit of the school and for its expansion. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assists in development of school through both financial incentives such as subsidies in land etc and other operational helps such as recruitment of teachers etc </li></ul><ul><li>Performs sanity check and prevents any wrong doing </li></ul>Micro Finance Organization <ul><li>Partnership to provide education loan through community lending or SHGs </li></ul>Community <ul><li>Even the small section owns some stakes </li></ul><ul><li>This could be done through performing their bit , for instance some one can help in building toilets. The economic benefits from the same can be translated in stakes. </li></ul><ul><li>This would develop a feeling of belongingness and would initiate cycle of educating a community at large about the benefits of education </li></ul>Please refer to appendix slide
  8. 8. Proposed Solution: Business Model 3 Stakeholders join and Build the school School Development Phase Operational Phase Microfinance organization gives education loan to parents of young students @ low interest rate Education loan is used to pay school fees Trust that owns the school Trust pays salaries and other expenses Government involvement ensures subsidies fees and other facilities Teacher Training school operated in partnership with Govt. and private player to prepare teachers from the same community Hence, over a period of time this would become a self sustaining cycle Even teachers comes from the same community hence, income generated is going back in the system Option to go for vocational training
  9. 9. Proposed Solutions <ul><li>Target Segment </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the data provided by government, rural areas should be the real beneficiary of the proposed solution </li></ul><ul><li>Community based model inline with govt. initiative of Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan </li></ul><ul><li>The model can also be replicated in backward areas of urban regions </li></ul><ul><li>The fees would be in the range of Rs. 50-150*. </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Affordable and quality education to masses </li></ul><ul><li>Adequate facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Ownership also ensures higher participation and </li></ul><ul><li>accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Optimum Teacher to pupil ratio </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient utilization of government funds </li></ul><ul><li>Increase in self-confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Community development </li></ul>*Completely based on market benchmarks and may vary on calculations <ul><li>Challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Managing multiple parties as owners may be difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Educating people to send their </li></ul><ul><li>kids to school taking education </li></ul><ul><li>loans may be difficult </li></ul><ul><li>Novelty of idea may result in </li></ul><ul><li>friction initially </li></ul>Exactly a bottom of pyramid opportunity , hence high potential but would take considerable time to materialize
  10. 10. Proposed Solution: Pilot and Roll Out List from DISE <ul><li>As per the report “Elementary education in India: progress towards universal elementary education 2006-07 (2008), following states should be targeted: </li></ul><ul><li>Top Five </li></ul><ul><li>Kerala, Puducherry, Delhi, Tamil Nadu, and Chandigarh were the top five performing States </li></ul><ul><li>Bottom Five </li></ul><ul><li>Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Arunachal Pradesh and Assam took the bottom five places </li></ul>Government Support Enrollment Ratios Market Feasibility Pilot should be in Kerala and then expand to MP
  11. 11. Appendix <ul><li>Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An effort to universalize elementary education by community-ownership of the school system. It is in response to the demand for quality basic education all over the country </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The SSA programme is also an attempt to provide an opportunity for improving human capabilities to all children, through provision of community-owned quality education in a Mission mode </li></ul></ul>Two Tier Structure