Savings v/s Investments Savings = Income – Expenditure Investments = Savings + (Savings X Returns)Inflation cannot be avoided but its impact can be minimised with prudent investment planning
How to be your own investment counselor – Dick Fabian Evidence shows that investors - investors in anything – make no money over a 10 year period. There are several reasons for this tragic statistic, including: 1. Not setting a goal 2. Chasing trendy investments 3. Relying on reports from the financial press 4. Blindly taking advice from brokers or financial planners 5. Making emotional mistakes and so on Without a clear cut investment plan, you will fail eventually
Why do we save money?The future is uncertainCost of living (education, marriage) is rising - INFLATIONNeeds and aspirations are increasing – better housing, vehicles, holidays abroadIt is not possible to continue working for long hours beyond a certain age…timeto sit back and make your money work for you, essentially retirement planning
Options You Have Checked Out Gold Fixed Income Confusion Equities
How good is the money you invest in fixed income securities? 8 7 6 You are losing your 5 purchasing power! 4 3 2 1 0 Interest Rate Less Inflation Less Tax Post Tax and Inflation -1 8% 5.5% 2.72% -0.22%Instrument under consideration – 8% taxable Bonds1 year average inflation rates assumed at 5.5%Assuming highest tax rate.
Cumulative annualised returns of different asset classes (1985 – 2010*) Equity 16.7 G Sec 10.8 Bank FD 10.1 Gold 9.4 Inflation 6.5 (% Annualized returns) 0.0 5.0 10.0 15.0 20.0Over time, a portfolio of well chosen stocks is likely to outperform other asset classes But equities are more risky …*Returns till October 31, 2010 Source: CLSA
The voting machine & the weighing scales (short term volatility & long term returns)Source Data: www.bseindia.comPast performance of the SENSEX may or may not be sustained in the future .Note: The base year of the SENSEX is 1978-79 and the base value is 100. Please visitwww.bseindia.com for the SENSEX calculation methodology.
Voting Machine and Weighing Scale 1-Year 5-Years 10-Years 15-Years Max Returns 267% 53% 35% 27% (March 1992) (March 1992) (March 1992) (March 1994) Min Returns -47% -5% -2% 6% (March 1993) (March 1997) (March 2002) (March 2009) Average Returns 28% 18% 18% 18% Loss Probability 10/29 3/25 1/20 0/15 To conclude, the longer you remain invested: 1. Lower is the probability of loss 2. The volatility of returns reduces 3. The returns from equities become predictable and is equal to earnings growth plus dividendsSource Data: www.bseindia.com, Internal CalculationsPast performance may or may not be sustained in the future.
Equities – An Asset Class worth considering Equities, while being volatile and extremely unpredictable over short periods of time, tend to be a prudent investment over longer time horizons Over the long run equity returns tend to track underlying fundamentals and are determined by the following factors: The dividend yield at the time of initial investment The subsequent rate of growth in earnings The change in the price – earnings ratio during the period of investment The total of these three components explains nearly all of the stock market returns over extended holding periodsSource: Common Sense on Mutual Funds, John C. Bogle
Sensex growth and profit growth BSE Sensex - Profit growth versus Index growth 3,000.00 Profit growth vs index growth 2,500.00 2,000.00 1,500.00 1,000.00 500.00 - Mar-89 Mar-90 Mar-91 Mar-92 Mar-93 Mar-94 Mar-95 Mar-96 Mar-97 Mar-98 Mar-99 Mar-00 Mar-01 Mar-02 Mar-03 Mar-04 Mar-05 Mar-06 Mar-07 Mar-08 Mar-09 Mar-10 Year Profit growth Sensex grow thSource : DSP Merrill Lynch & Motilal Oswal Securities FY10 – As on March 31, 2010.
Avoid ‘Decision Paralysis’Stop worrying about market fluctuationsStart thinking about your goals and the time you have to achieve themGet invested into a mutual fund and benefit from portfolio diversificationFocus on long term investing – short term thinking is the enemy of long terminvestment successHave reasonable return expectationsEnroll for SIP – A disciplined approachTake advantage of the ups and downs in the market
PresentingSystematic Investment Plan A Prudent Investment Strategy
What is Rupee Cost Averaging (RCA) RCA refers to an investment technique intended to reduce exposure to risk associated with making a single large purchase Invest a fixed amount at regular intervals (e.g. monthly) regardless of the market levels. In this way more units are purchased when prices are low and fewer units are purchased when prices are high Limits / avoids the worst case scenario of an immediate drop in asset value after a lump sum investment Investors can expect a reduction in variance in performance by implementing rupee cost averaging
Systematic Investment Plan A Graphical Illustration Identical amounts invested through a SIP and in one lumpsum. Investor A starts investing ` 1,000 every month in an equity mutual fund scheme starting in January. Investor B invests ` 12,000 in one lump sum in the same scheme Investor A Investor B Month NAV* Amount Units Amount Units (`) (`) (`) January 16.240 1,000 61.5764 12,000 738.9163 February 16.266 1,000 61.4779 March 15.123 1,000 66.1244 April 15.266 1,000 65.5050 May 16.845 1,000 59.3648 June 16.991 1,000 58.8547 July 15.501 1,000 64.5120 August 15.114 1,000 66.1638 September 12.774 1,000 78.2840 October 13.848 1,000 72.2126 November 14.566 1,000 68.6530 December 15.111 1,000 66.1770 Total 12,000 788.906 12,000 738.916*NAV as on the 10th of every month. These are assumed NAVs in a volatile market.Disclaimer: The illustration above is merely indicative in nature and should not be construed as investment advice. Itdoes not in any manner imply or suggest current or future performance of any HDFC Mutual Fund Scheme(s). SIPneither ensures profits nor protects you from making a loss in declining markets.
Systematic Investment Plan A Graphical Illustration (Continued)As seen in the table, by investing through SIP, you end up buying more units when the price is low and fewer units when the price is high. However over a period of time these market fluctuations are generally averaged and the average cost of your investment is often reduced.18 16.991161412 12.774 When the price is the10 When the price is the lowest, you buy the highest, you buy the 8 least number of units highest number of units 6 4 58.854 78.284 units units 2 0 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Systematic Investment PlanA Graphical Illustration (Continued) At the end of the 12 months, Investor A has more units than Investor B, even though they invested the same amount That’s because the average cost of Investor A’s units is lower than that of Investor B Investor B made only one investment and that too when the per unit price was high Investor A’s average unit price = 12,000 / 788.905 = ` 15.211 Investor B’s average unit price = 12,000 / 738.916 = ` 16.240
Benefits of Systematic InvestingDisciplined investments (Remember, an investor’s worst enemy is not the stockmarket, but his own emotions)Reach your financial goalsTake advantage of Rupee Cost AveragingGrow your investments with compounded benefitsDo all this effortlessly
Steps to financial success…Invest regularlyStart earlyControl consumption and exercise self controlBenefit from power of compounding
Consider the following situation:Four friends plan to save and invest for retirement at the age of 60Due to their individual circumstances, cash flows etc. each of them start savingat different periods of time / agesThe following table illustrates their investment decisions and outcomes…
Starting early matters! An Illustration Particulars Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4 Amount invested 1,000 1,000 1,000 1,000 p.m. (`) Starting age 20 30 35 40 (Years) Investment for 40 30 25 20 years Assumed Rate of 12% 12% 12% 12% Return p.a. Total Amount 4,80,000 3,60,000 3,00,000 2,40,000 invested (`) Maturity amount at 1,18,82,420 35,29,914 18,97,635 9,99,148 60 (`)Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustration purpose only and should not be construed as a promiseon minimum returns and safeguard of capital. HDFC Mutual Fund / HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd. Is notguaranteeing or promising or forecasting any returns. SIP does not assure a profit or guarantee protection against loss ina declining market. It does not in any manner imply or suggest current or future performance of any HDFC Mutual FundScheme(s)
The power of compounding Illustration (Cont’d) Maturity amount at age 60 – Figures in Lacs140 119120100 Starting late earned you 12 times80 less wealth!!6040 35 1920 10 0 Option 1 Option 2 Option 3 Option 4 Investment Options
Consider another situation An IllustrationFour investors start investing in the S&P CNX Nifty on the 1st business day of each month at different periodsof time. Start Date Amount Invested Per month (`) Investor A March 1, 1993 5,000 Investor B January 1, 1999 7,500 Investor C December 3, 2001 10,000 Investor D November 1, 2004 15,000
On September 30, 2010 they review their portfolios and realize this startling fact: Illustration ( Cont’d) The more you delay starting your investment… Investor A Investor B Investor C Investor D Monthly Investment March 1, 1993 January 1, 1999 December 3 ,2001 November 1, 2004 Commenced on Amount per Month(`) (`) 5,000 7,500 10,000 15,000 No. of installments 210 140 105 70 Total Amount Invested 1,050,000 1,050,000 1,050,000 1,050,000 (`) Compounded 15 19 22 20 Annualised Returns as on 30th Sept, 2010(%) (p.a) Market Value as on 4,459,384 3,475,142 2,947,182 1,874,528 September 30, 2010 (`) …less is the amount of wealth created, inspite of earning a substantially higher return and investing more per month!!!Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustrative purposes only and should not be construed as a promiseon minimum returns and safeguard of capital. The AMC / Mutual Fund is not guaranteeing or promising or forecastingany returns. It does not in any manner imply or suggest current or future performance of any HDFC Mutual FundScheme (s). SIP does not assure a profit or guarantee protection against a loss in declining market.
AnalysisInvestor A’s portfolio is worth 138% more than Investor D’sThis is inspite of Investor D investing three times more per month andearning a higher return than that of Investor A’s per year onhis investment!!!The benefits of starting early (albeit in smaller amounts) and investing regularlyfar outweigh anything else; compound interest is indeed a miracle
Power of Compounding The Eighth Wonder of the World An analysis of ` 10,000/- invested in the S&P CNX NIFTY on July 11, 1990 Date Market Value (`) in S & P CNX Nifty % of Total Capital Appreciation Missed Index July 11, 1990 10,000 January 2, 1995 40,305 80% January 1, 1998 36,863 82% January 1, 2001 42,765 79% January 1, 2002 35,980 82% January 1, 2003 37,509 82% January 1, 2004 65,198 68% January 2, 2007 136,631 34% January 1, 2008 209,490 -2% January 1, 2009 103,425 50% January 4, 2010 178,391 13% September 20, 2010 205,590 The cost of missing out on just ~9% of the total time (the last 18 months of the 20 year period) under analysis results in the investor losing out on 50% of the capital appreciation possible by staying invested for the entire duration. Compounding is truly a miracle if given the time to work its magic!!Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustrative purposes onlyand should not be construed as a promise on minimum returns and safeguardof capital. HDFC Mutual Fund/ HDFC Asset Management Company Limitedis not guaranteeing or promising or forecasting any returns.
Power of Compounding The table below shows the difference in the overall returns due to compounding of interest rates An Illustration at their respective levels A marginal difference of 2% has a significant impact on eventual wealth creation Year Cashing on Interest Interest Reinvested Assumed Rate of Interest Value at the end of the year ( Simple interest) Assumed Rate of Interest ( Compound Interest) 8% 8% 10% 12%1 8,000 1,08,000 1,10,000 1,12,0005 8,000 1,46,933 1,61,051 1,76,23410 8,000 2,15,892 2,59,374 3,10,58515 8,000 3,17,217 4,17,725 5,47,35720 8,000 4,66,096 6,72,750 9,64,62925 8,000 6,84,848 10,83,471 17,00,00630 8,000 10,06,266 17,44,940 29,95,992Total Interest Earned (1) 2,40,000 71% 2,40,000 24% 3,00,000 17% 3,60,000 12%Principal (2) 1,00,000 29% 1,00,000 10% 1,00,000 6% 1,00,000 3%Interest on Interest (3) 0 6,66,266 66% 13,44,940 77% 25,35,992 85%Total Amount 3,40,000 100% 10,06,266 100% 17,44,940 100% 29,95,992 100%(4)= (3)+(2)+(1) Einstein refers to the “Power of Compounding” as the “Eighth wonder of the World”Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustrative purposes only and shouldnot be construed as a promise on minimum returns and safeguard of capital. HDFC MutualFund/ HDFC Asset Management Company Limited is not guaranteeing or promising orforecasting any returns.
Exercise Self Control. Reduce Consumption.The Story of Mahesh and Ramesh
MaheshMahesh has recently graduated from a premier management institute. He gets ajob as an executive at a MNC. He’s living at home with his parents and savingevery last rupee so he can make the ` 80,000 down payment on a ` 8,00,000new carHe takes out a car loan for the remaining ` 7,20,000. It’s a five year loan at11.67% p.a. interest, so he pays EMI of ` 16,000 every month to the financecompanyHe cringes the first time he pays the ` 16,000 EMI, but forgets all that whenhe’s driving around in the new carA few months later, the car’s condition deteriorates. There are scratches on thedoors and stains on the carpets; its just another car now but Mahesh is stuckwith the payments
RameshRamesh has also just graduated from the same institute and works withMahesh as an executive at the MNC. He also lives at home with his parentsRamesh took the ` 80,000 he’d saved up and bought a second hand car. Sincehe paid cash, he didn’t have car payments to be made to the finance companySo instead of paying an EMI of ` 16,000 to the finance company, he invested` 16,000 a month in a diversified equity mutual fund
Mahesh (Five years later)At the end of five years, he’s sick of the carHe’s finally paid off the car loan, which cost him an extra ` 2,40,000 in interestchargesSo between the loan and the original purchase price, Mahesh has invested` 10,40,000 in this car, not including taxes and fees, insurance premiums, gas,oil and maintenanceIf he sold the car now, its resale value would fetch him ` 2,00,000. So what he’sgot to show for his ` 10,40,000 investment is a ` 2,00,000 car that he doesn’teven like anymore
Ramesh (Five years later) Five years later, when Mahesh was mailing out his last car payments, the value of Ramesh’s mutual fund had increased Between the increase of the fund itself and the steady stream of ` 16,000 contributions to the fund, Ramesh has an asset of nearly ` 12,00,000 (at an assumed rate of return of ~8% p.a.) He also has the used car, which gets him back and forth OK, and he never worries about dents and scratches because he never thought of it as an investment, its only transportation As we leave this economic morality tale, Ramesh has enough money to make a down payment on his own house and move out of his parent’s house, while Mahesh continues to moochDisclaimer : The above illustration is merely indicative in nature and should not be construed as aninvestment advice. It does not in any manner imply or suggest current or future performance of any HDFCMutual Fund Scheme(s). SIP does not assure a profit or guarantee protection against loss in a decliningmarket.
To summarize:If you start saving and investing early enough, you’ll get to a point where yourmoney is supporting youThis is what most people hope for, a chance to have financial independencewhere they’re free to go places and do what they want, while their money stayshome and works for themIt will never happen unless you get into the habit of saving and investing andputting aside a certain amount of money every month wisely
Product FeaturesType of Scheme Open-ended Growth SchemeInception Date (Date of allotment) January 1, 1995Investment Objective To achieve capital appreciationFund Manager $ Prashant Jain (Since June 19, 2003)*Plans / Options Growth and Dividend The Dividend Option offers Dividend Payout and Reinvestment facilityMinimum Application Amount Purchase: ` 5,000 and any amount thereafter(Under Each Plan) Additional Purchase: ` 1,000 and any amount thereafterLoad Structure Entry Load: Not Applicable. Pursuant to SEBI circular no. SEBI/IMD/CIR No.4/ 168230/09 dated June 30, 2009, no entry load will be charged by the Scheme to the investor. Upfront commission shall be paid directly by the investor to the ARN Holder (AMFI registered Distributor) based on the investors’ assessment of various factors including the service rendered by the ARN Holder. Exit Load: In respect of each purchase / switch – in of units, an exit load of 1.00% is payable if units are redeemed / switched – out within 1 year from the date of allotment. No exit load is payable if units are redeemed / switched out after 1 year from the date of allotment. No entry / exit load shall be levied on bonus units and units allotted on dividend reinvestment.Benchmark S&P CNX 500*Date of Migration from Zurich India Mutual Fund.$ Dedicated Fund Manager for Overseas Investments: Miten Lathia
Start early, continue regularly: The table below shows notional loss of wealth due to delay in starting SIP# Past Performance may or may not be sustained in the future.Load is not taken into consideration. Investors are advised to refer to the Relative Performance table on slide No. 38.Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustrative purposes only and should not be construed as a promise onminimum returns and safeguard of capital. HDFC Asset Management Company Limited / HDFC Mutual Fund is not guaranteeingor promising or forecasting any returns. SIP does not assure a profit or guarantee protection against a loss in a declining market.
HDFC Equity Fund- SIP Returns Snapshot as on 30th November 2010 This is how your investments would have grown if you had invested say ` 1,000 systematically on the first business day of every month over a period of time. Since 10 Year 5 Year 3 Year 1 Year SIP Investments Inception $ SIP SIP SIP SIP SIP Total Amount 191,000 120,000 60,000 36,000 12,000 Invested (`) Market Value (`) 3,138,270 739,040 113,510 63,040 14,180 Returns (annualised) 30.59 34.14 25.82 39.94 35.49 (%) * ^ Benchmark Returns 16.64 21.77 14.47 22.28 15.00 (annualised) (%) #^ Past Performance may or may not be sustained in the future.# S&P CNX 500 $ Inception Date: January 1, 1995*Load is not taken into consideration and the Returns are of Growth Option. Investors are advised to refer to Relative Performancetable on slide 15 for Non – SIP ReturnsPlease refer to the SIP enrolment form or contact the nearest ISC for SIP load structure.Disclaimer: The above investment simulation is for illustrative purpose only and should not be construed as a promise onminimum returns and safeguard of capital. HDFC Mutual Fund / HDFC Asset Management Company Ltd. is not guaranteeingor promising or forecasting any returns. SIP does not assure a profit or guarantee protection against loss in a declining market.Please refer SIP enrolment form or contact nearest ISC for SIP load structure.
HDFC Equity Fund – Relative Returns as on 30th November 2010 Period Returns (%) ^ S&P CNX 500 Returns (%) # Last 1 Year (365 Days) 31.87 15.34 Last 3 Years (1098 Days) 12.74 -0.61 Last 5 Years (1826 Days) 24.41 15.69 Last 10 Years (3653 Days) 31.71 17.84 Since Inception (5751 Days) 23.70 10.51^ Past performance may or may not be sustained in thefutureAbove returns are compounded annualized (CAGR)# Benchmark IndexDate of Inception: January 1, 1995
A few simple rules to conclude with: Invest you must – The biggest risk is the long-term risk of not putting your money to work at a return which beats inflation, not the short term risk of price volatility Time is your friend – Give yourself all the time you can. Start early, even with a small amount and never stop. Even modest investments in tough times will help you sustain the pace and will become a habit; compound interest is a miracle Stay the course – No matter what happens, stick to your program. It is the most important single piece of investment wisdom you will receive
“Failing to plan is planning to fail”-Robin Sharma.
Think of each SIP payment as laying a brick. One by one, you can lay thefoundation of a secured financial future. Thank You
DISCLAIMER: This presentation has been prepared and issued on the basis of internal data, publicly available information and other sources believed to bereliable. The information contained in this document is for general purposes only and not a complete disclosure of every material fact and terms and conditionsand features of HDFC MF Systematic Investment Plan (SIP). The information/ data herein alone is not sufficient and shouldn’t be used for the development orimplementation of an investment strategy. It should not be construed as investment advice to any party. The statements contained herein may includestatements of future expectations and other forward-looking statements that are based on our current views and assumptions and involve known and unknownrisks and uncertainties that could cause actual results, performance or events to differ materially from those expressed or implied in such statements. Therecipient alone shall be fully responsible / liable for any decision taken on the basis of this presentation. The content of this presentation is confidential andintended solely for the use of the addressee. If you are not the addressee, or the person responsible for delivering it to the addressee, any disclosure, copying,distribution or any action taken or omitted to be taken in reliance on it is prohibited and may be unlawful. No part of this document may be duplicated in whole orin part in any form and/or redistributed without prior written consent of the HDFC Mutual Fund/ HDFC Asset Management Company Limited (HDFC AMC). Therecipient(s) should before investing in the Scheme(s) make his/their own investigation and seek appropriate professional advice. HDFC MF SIP does not assure aprofit or guarantee protection against loss in a declining market. HDFC Mutual Fund/ HDFC AMC is not guaranteeing or promising or forecasting any returns.Risk Factors: All mutual funds and securities investments are subject to market risks and there can be no assurance that the Schemes’objectives will be achieved and the NAV of the Schemes may go up or down depending upon the factors and forces affecting the securitiesmarket. Past performance of the Sponsors and their affiliates / AMC / Mutual Fund and its Scheme(s) do not indicate the future performance of the Scheme ofthe Mutual Fund. There is no assurance or guarantee to unit holders as to the rate of dividend distribution nor that dividends will be paid regularly. Investors inthe Schemes are not being offered any guaranteed / assured returns. The NAV of the units issued under the Schemes may be affected, inter-alia by changes inthe interest rates, trading volumes, settlement periods, transfer procedures and performance of individual securities. The NAV will inter-alia be exposed to Price /Interest Rate Risk and Credit Risk. HDFC Equity Fund, an open-ended growth scheme is only the name of the Scheme and does not in any mannerindicate either the quality of the Scheme, its future prospects and returns. Please read the Scheme Information Document and Statement ofAdditional Information before investing. In view of the individual nature of tax consequences, each investor is advised to consult his/her professional taxadvisor. Investment Objective: To achieve capital appreciation. Asset Allocation Pattern: Equity and equity related instruments (80%-100%); Debt andMoney Market Instruments (0-20%). Investment in securitised debt, if undertaken, will not exceed 20% of the net assets of the Scheme. Load Structure:Entry Load: Not Applicable. Upfront commission shall be paid directly by the investor to the ARN Holder (AMFI registered Distributor) based on the investors’assessment of various factors including the service rendered by the ARN Holder. Exit Load: In respect of each purchase / switch - in of units, an exit load of1.00% is payable if units are redeemed / switched out within 1 year from the date of allotment. No exit load is payable if units are redeemed / switched - outafter 1 year from the date of allotment. Terms of Issue: Applications for subscriptions /redemptions /switches would be accepted at official points of acceptanceon all Business Days at NAV based prices. The AMC will calculate and publish NAVs on all Business Days. Statutory Details: HDFC Mutual Fund has been set upas a trust sponsored by Housing Development Finance Corporation Limited and Standard Life Investments Limited (liability restricted to their contribution of ` 1lakh each to the corpus) with HDFC Trustee Company Limited as the Trustee (Trustee under the Indian Trusts Act, 1882) and with HDFC Asset ManagementCompany Limited as the Investment Manager.