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Literature and arts


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Literature and arts

  1. 1. Literature and Arts
  2. 2. Each dynastic period is known for some type of artistic achievement Distinctive Features of Each Period
  3. 3. Bronze vessels Shang and Zhou Periods
  4. 4. Ritual bronze .
  5. 5. Inscriptions were cast to record events and report them to ancestral spirits.
  6. 6. Wine Vessel in the Shape of a Bull
  7. 7.  The Orchestral  Set of the  Marquis Yi of  Zeng
  8. 8. Fu (descriptive prose) - forceful and -expressive Parallel prose "Pian" is "in pairs" Wei-Jin and Han Period
  9. 9. Poetry Landscaping painting Tang and Song
  10. 10. -the finest of Chinese classic poetry -a must-do for every well-educated person -written by emperors, monks, scholars, and even by prostitutes - The most famous writers are Li Bai李白 (Li Taibai 李太 白), Du Fu 杜甫, Du Mu 杜牧, Meng Haoran 孟浩然, Wang Wei , Bai Juyi白居易 (Bo Juyi), Tang Poetry
  11. 11.  Household name in China  10 October 2012 BBC news  Li Bai and Du Fu: China's drunken superstar poets  The language has changed so little that they remain easy for modern Chinese people to read, and their themes are still relevant today - from friendship, love and landscape to the stench of political corruption. Li Bai
  12. 12. He was quite a drunkard... and writing some of his best poetry apparently, while completely inebriated. If you were to grab any kid off the street and ask him, 'What was the greatest dynasty in China's history?' nine out of 10 of them would answer the Tang.
  13. 13.  Moonlight in front of my bed  I took it for frost on the ground  I lift my head, gaze at the mountain moon  Lower it, and think of home.  床前明月光  疑是地上霜  举头望明月  低头思故乡
  14. 14. The moon in China has a special meaning. And when it's full, that represents the fullness and reunification of the family The poem struck the deep core of my heart whenever people miss my family.
  15. 15. Landscaping painting
  16. 16.  Ranked the 2nd among the most artistic achievements in Chinese history  Its technique differs greatly from painting in the West  Lack of a fixed vanishing point  One-point perspective Features of landscape painting
  17. 17. One-pint perspective
  18. 18.  /QingMingShangHeTu_Big.jpg  Multiple-point perspective
  19. 19.  Presents the unlimited space of nature  Constant shift of perspectives  are expressions of the mind and heart of the individual artists  To grasp an emotion or atmosphere so as to catch the "rhythm" of nature
  20. 20. Tang Dynasty art and literature Combination of poem, landscaping painting, and Chinese calligraphy
  21. 21. This is thought to be the only surviving calligraphy of Li Bai
  22. 22. Practice Chinese Calligraphy
  23. 23. Four treasures of study
  24. 24. Pocerlain
  25. 25.  Drama  political corruption  social turbulences  sharp class and national contradictions Yuan Dynasty
  26. 26.  Love story  Romance of the Western Chamber
  27. 27. the tragic death  of a girl named Dou E.  loses her mother at the age of 7  separated from her father at 10  sold as a child bride to offset the debt  after she grows up and gets married,  her husband dies.  subjected to the bullying and humiliation of hooligans and gangsters.  wrongly accused of involvement in a murder case.  Under the torture of the corrupt interrogating officials,  sentenced to death. Injustice to Dou E
  28. 28. The Romance of the Three Kingdoms The Water Margin Journey to the West Story of the Stone Four Great Classical Novels of Chinese literature. Golden Lotus Ming and Qing Novel
  29. 29.  Conflict in the 3rd Century  Popular in both China and Japan  Sources for Chinese performing arts such as Beijing Opera The Romance of the Three Kingdom
  30. 30.  North Song time  108 bandit heroes  Fought against the suppress  Corruption  Social class struggles  surrendered to the  Song government in 1121 The Water Margin
  31. 31. Wu Song Fights the Tiger
  32. 32. Author: Wu Chen’en Ming Dynasty Journey to the West
  33. 33.  Xuanzang left Chang'an in 629,  crossed what are today  Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan,  and Afghanistan, into Gandhara,  reaching India in 630  Visited and studied for 13 years  Xuanzang left India in 643  arrived back in Chang'an in 646 Tang Xuan Zang
  34. 34.  a fictionalized account of the legendary pilgrimage to India of the Buddhist monk Xuanzang,  He travelled to the "Western Regions" during the Tang Dynasty, to obtain sacred texts (sūtras).  The Buddha gave this task to the monk and his three protectors in the form of disciples  They encountered various evils along the way (81 tribulations)
  35. 35. written in the middle of  the 18th century during the Qing Dynasty. Also named: The story of the stone Dream of the red masion Hong Lou Meng (红楼梦) Dream of the Red Chamber
  36. 36.  a masterpiece of Chinese literature  Can be compared with War and Peace  Redology is the field of the study of this novel  一部《红楼》养活多少红学家?
  37. 37. is believed to be semi-autobiographical mirroring the rise and decay of author Cao Xueqin's own family and, by extension, of the Qing Dynasty.
  38. 38. Cao Xue Qin (Ts’ao Hsüeh-ch’in)
  39. 39.  is considered to be China's greatest novelist,  Hong Lou Meng as the greatest novel in the Chinese language  His grandfather was Cao Yin, a childhood playmate of the  Emperor Kang xi  His father was Cao Zhan (Ts’ao Chan), Commissioner of Imperial Textiles Cao Xue Qin (Ts’ao Hsüeh-ch’in)
  40. 40.  Cao clan was rich and influential  was a host four times to the Kangxi Emperor in his six separate itinerant trips south to the Nanjing region
  41. 41.  The emperor Kang Xi  of Qing Dynasty
  42. 42.  the clan held the office of Imperial Textile Commissioner at Jiangning for three generations  (mismanagement, careless, fiscal deficit, Kang xi ignored)  This situation changed when Kang xi died and his son Yong zheng ascended the throne
  43. 43.  Yongzheng severely attacked the family and later confiscated their properties  The family was completely impoverished and forced to relocate to Beijing  At that time Cao xueqin was a young child
  44. 44. Records of his life was not much an intelligent, highly talented man He lived in poverty throughout his life He was an inveterate drinker Made a living by selling his paintings
  45. 45.  spent a decade working diligently on writing the novel  Only had a son who was very young when died from infection  Cao was so sad that he died not very long after his son’s death 
  46. 46.  His novel was written in "blood and tears”  is a vivid recreation of an illustrious family at its height and its subsequent downfall  Controversial issue: the first 80 chapters and 40 chapters  Redology scholars are still debating whether the last 40 chapters is his original work
  47. 47.  In 1791, Cheng Weiyuan (程偉元) and Gao E (高鶚)  Published the completed 120-chapter novel  Gao E is suspected to be the author of the last 40 chapters, but no one can prove it up to date.
  48. 48. Main characters Chia Pau yu Lin Dai yu (Black Jade) (cousin) Storyline of the novel
  49. 49. Chia Baoyu’s grandmother daugther son daughter
  50. 50.  The story of the stone  Stone nu wa bu tian  Celestial plant (repay the debt of tears)  A buddhist and a daoist
  51. 51.  The stone and the celestial plant want to experience the worldly life  They incarnated as a boy (Chia Pauyu, born with a jade in his mouth), and a girl (Lin Daiyu without a jade)  Jia was treasured and loved by his family and his maiden servants 
  52. 52.  His father was a Confucianist and wanted him to sit exam and to serve the society ( Confucianism)  Chia did not pay much attention to it, and despises men around him, but regards women as pure as water  Bao yu and daiyu love each other but Baoyu is predestined to his another cousion Xue Baochai (Precious Clasp)  Lin Daiyu (black jade) is obsessed with her orphaned state, very stubborn, wants to marry Chia, but fears of doing anything to bring about the result.
  53. 53.  Lin’s health condition was really bad, was rejected by her grandmother  Lin died on the night Chia marries Xue Baochai (Precious Clasp) (Chia always thought that he is going to marry Lin Daiyu that night)  Xue Baochai (Precious Clasp) was a realistic person and hoped to encourage Chia to be a Confucianist and to sit the exam  She is intelligent and graceful, an ideal wife in the eyes of the family, but Chia doesn’t love her.
  54. 54. Chia’s family status declines gradually Chia Pauyu becomes low in his spirit after lin’s death He gets a good result in the exam but decides to become a monk (Buddhism)
  55. 55. 1. Offers insights into Qing society, the family, lives of women and the status of servants 1. Reflects the Confucian, Buddhist and Daoist worldview 2. Has been valued as much as a historical documentation as it has a great work of literature Cultural and philosophical implications
  56. 56.  The story centres on Xi Menqin, a corrupt social climber and lustful merchant  he is wealthy enough to marry a consort of six wives and concubines.  identified as pornographic and officially banned most of the time Golden Lotus
  57. 57.  It is however been regarded a one of the four marvellous masterpiece (together with Romance of the Three Kingdoms, Water Margin, and Journey to the West)  full of classical Chinese poetry  deals with larger sociological issues—such as the role of women in ancient Chinese society