Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.
Animal Disease Control Project    implementing officers constraints while undertaking   Foot and Mouth Disease       contr...
Methodology• Constraints were known from a group of thirty veterinary  surgeons who were working as implementing officers ...
Most relevant constraints• Unwillingness towards vaccination due to  reduction in milk yield (80%)• Door step vaccination ...
Relevant constraints• False or exaggerated media reports developed a  negative attitude towards vaccination among  dairy f...
Contd..• Lack of awareness of dairy farmers about FMD  vaccination (43%)• Difficulty in maintaining cold chain    due to  ...
Contd..• Uncontrolled animal movements created difficulties in  animal disease control (40%)• Making the farmers convinced...
Contd..• Door step vaccination is difficult during peak summer  and rainy season (37%)• Old dairy farmers showed more relu...
Less relevant constraints• Farmers with less experience in dairying, education and  herd size showed reluctance (30%)• Far...
Contd..• Involvement of Kudumbasree (WSHG) units not up to the mark  (26%)• Fund for publicity and transportation is not s...
Contd..• Difficulty to treat other animals after treating FMD  contracted animals (23%)• Milk society authorities have a n...
Contd..• Farmers won’t allow vaccinating male calves (17%)• Cost of vaccination was felt high to many (17%)- was  charged ...
Contd..• Problems created by the persisting orthodox  caste system (10%)- like cow slaughter• Shortage of medicine in gove...
Policy suggestions• Separate FMD surveilling, monitoring and  management machinery should be  implemented on district basi...
Strategy recommendations          Awareness strategies• More publicity through media like newspaper, radio  and TV like co...
Contd..Technological/ Technical strategies• Allotment of uninterrupted power supply system  (UPS) of at least 5 hrs back u...
Contd..          Collaborative strategies• Empowering and involving groups like SHGs,  farmer organizations etc. in mass v...
Legal strategies• Reinforcement of laws to make animal  quarantine measures mandatory in inter-state  check posts• SPCA (P...
Thank You
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Animal Disease Control Project implementing officers constraints while undertaking Foot and Mouth Disease control in Kerala

3,337 views

Published on

  • Be the first to like this

Animal Disease Control Project implementing officers constraints while undertaking Foot and Mouth Disease control in Kerala

  1. 1. Animal Disease Control Project implementing officers constraints while undertaking Foot and Mouth Disease control in Kerala Dr. Subin K.Mohan, MVSc PhD Scholar Dairy Extension Division NDRI Native: Kerala subinkmohan@gmail.com 09541266310, 09633020920, 04872371808 Major Advisor: Dr. P. J. Rajkamal, Professor, Dept. of Extension, KVASU
  2. 2. Methodology• Constraints were known from a group of thirty veterinary surgeons who were working as implementing officers of Animal Disease Control Project (ADCP) in the Animal Husbandry Department of Kerala.• Purposive sample selection• Open ended schedule technique• Depending upon the percentage of respondents, agreeing to a constraint, it was categorized as a most relevant (>66%), relevant (33-66%) and less relevant (<33%) constraints.
  3. 3. Most relevant constraints• Unwillingness towards vaccination due to reduction in milk yield (80%)• Door step vaccination is laborious (77%)• Possible chances of vaccination after effects like abscess, abortion and lameness (70%)
  4. 4. Relevant constraints• False or exaggerated media reports developed a negative attitude towards vaccination among dairy farmers (53%)• To treat and cure any post vaccination ailment becomes the responsibility of the veterinary surgeon (50%)• Farmers have negative attitude towards FMD vaccination (47%)• Routine hospital work gets disturbed (47%)
  5. 5. Contd..• Lack of awareness of dairy farmers about FMD vaccination (43%)• Difficulty in maintaining cold chain due to unexpected power failure (40%)• Farmers don’t feel the need of vaccination (40%)• Farmers protested as their vaccinated animals also contracted FMD (40%),
  6. 6. Contd..• Uncontrolled animal movements created difficulties in animal disease control (40%)• Making the farmers convinced during door step vaccination is difficult and time consuming (40%)• Less participation of dairy farmers in seminars or group discussions and lecture classes about FMD (37%)• Dairy farmer’s lack of trust in vaccines (37%)• Vaccination stress related health problems are more during summer season (37%)
  7. 7. Contd..• Door step vaccination is difficult during peak summer and rainy season (37%)• Old dairy farmers showed more reluctance to vaccinate their cattle (33.34%)• Difficulty in changing the attitude of old dairy farmers (33.34%)• Lack of publicity about details of FMD vaccination (33.34%)• Farmers won’t allow ear tagging fearing maggot wound (33.34%).
  8. 8. Less relevant constraints• Farmers with less experience in dairying, education and herd size showed reluctance (30%)• Farmers showed reluctance to bring their cattle to vaccination camps (30%)• Lack of support of local leaders and politicians (30%)• FMD control process was laborious due to the lack of a permanent disease management system (30%)
  9. 9. Contd..• Involvement of Kudumbasree (WSHG) units not up to the mark (26%)• Fund for publicity and transportation is not sufficient (26%)• Farmers believe that there is no need to vaccinate animals reared in isolated homesteads (26%)• Farmers won’t allow any others except veterinary surgeons to vaccinate (26%)• Some farmers showed reluctance to control their livestock during vaccination (23%)
  10. 10. Contd..• Difficulty to treat other animals after treating FMD contracted animals (23%)• Milk society authorities have a negative attitude towards vaccination (20%)• Farmers let their cattle for grazing even during outbreak (20%)• Risk in maintaining cold chain due to monthly issue of vaccines (20%)• Annual vaccination is followed even though the immunity of the vaccine is for 9 months (17%)
  11. 11. Contd..• Farmers won’t allow vaccinating male calves (17%)• Cost of vaccination was felt high to many (17%)- was charged only 5 rupees in 2007-09• Difficulty in disseminating information about the importance of FMD vaccination to those farmers who had local sale of milk (13%)• Farmers lack the knowledge about symptoms of FMD and hence misunderstand with other related diseases (13%),
  12. 12. Contd..• Problems created by the persisting orthodox caste system (10%)- like cow slaughter• Shortage of medicine in government stores (7%) - for post epidemic treatments• Farmers prefer individual paid vaccination than mass vaccination by buying vaccine from private veterinary stores (3%)
  13. 13. Policy suggestions• Separate FMD surveilling, monitoring and management machinery should be implemented on district basis• Area based FMD eradication strategies should be adopted
  14. 14. Strategy recommendations Awareness strategies• More publicity through media like newspaper, radio and TV like commercial advertisements between most rated programmes.• Involvement of influential people like film stars in publicity.• Special emphasis on awareness programmes for un- organized sector dairy farmers
  15. 15. Contd..Technological/ Technical strategies• Allotment of uninterrupted power supply system (UPS) of at least 5 hrs back up to veterinary hospitals.• Vaccine supply to veterinary hospitals in batches of less withhold time.• Mobile FMD control units.• Mobile extension units for animal disease awareness
  16. 16. Contd.. Collaborative strategies• Empowering and involving groups like SHGs, farmer organizations etc. in mass vaccination and awareness programme like ASHA programme in Kerala• Collaboration of veterinary universities (using veterinary students in mass vaccination programmes), dairy cooperatives etc. in FMD management
  17. 17. Legal strategies• Reinforcement of laws to make animal quarantine measures mandatory in inter-state check posts• SPCA (PCA) authority and power to veterinary officers of their corresponding jurisdiction
  18. 18. Thank You

×