Global Opportunity & Threat Analysis (GOTA)


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Global Opportunity & Threat Analysis (GOTA)

  1. 1. IIPMIIPM TOWER, SATBARI,CHANDAN HAULA, CHATTARPUR-BHATIMINES ROADNEW DELHIA report submitted for assessment ofGOTA ReportPREPARED BYRoll No. Name Section Signature01 Mr. Abbas04 Mr. Adhitya24 Ms. Komal26 Mr. Manish44 Mr. Rohan SH –248 Mr. Shipra Mr. Vishal
  2. 2. GOTA DetailsCountry Visited: Belgium & ParisThe following Companies were visited:-European Commission on December 10, 2007European Parliament on December 10, 2007Port of Antwerp on December 11, 2007Palm Breweries on December 12, 2007Val-Saint Lambert on December 13, 2007Coca Cola (Bottling Plant) on December 19, 2007IMI Brussels on December 20, 2007Starting Date of our tour: December 7, 2007(Departure)
  3. 3. Ending Date of our tour was December 24, 2007(Arrival at Delhi, Indira Gandhi International Airport) Abstract BelgiumBelgium is a Northwest European Country. Its neighborcountries are Luxembourg, Netherlands, France & Germany.Belgium is one of the founding members of European Union & iteven hosts it’s headquarter in Brussels, capital of Belgium. InBelgium two languages are spoken, French & Dutch. AndBrussels is the only place where both of these languages arespoken. Belgium’s economy& its transportation infrastructureis integrated with the rest of Europe. Its economy ischaracterized by high productive work force, high GrossNational Product & high exports per capita. Belgium is famousfor diamond & Chocolates. Belgian chocolates are very famousin the world. Main exports of Belgium are finished diamond,iron & steel, petroleum products, textiles, plastics & etc.
  4. 4. Belgium is very organized country. Its main source oftransportation is through tram. European ParliamentEuropean Parliament constitutes 785 members, fromdifferent countries. All these countries follow sametrade policies. They all follow rule, policies,Acts( Consumer Protection Act),etc which are set byEuropean Union. So whenever any meeting is held orwherever it is held, it is been attended by differentpeople belonging from different countries, who speak intheir mother Language, side- by –side, there is 25chambers which translate the speech of any person inthe language, which is understand by other people atthe very same time. So if 1 person speaks in French, atthe very same time it is translated in other 24 languages.AcknowlegmentWe thank Mr. Amit Sood & Mr. Sanket Choudhary in particular for guiding us during ourtrip. They encouraged us to write in the first place. We owe much to Mr. Amit Sood &Mr.Sanket Choudhary for the same.
  5. 5. We are indebted to all those who have been helpful throughout the process of writingthis Report– Mr. Abbas, Ms. Komal, Mr Manish, Mr.Rohan & Ms. Shipra. but as thecliché goes, we are solely responsible for any remaining errors of fact or judgment.Signature of group members(Mr.Abbas)(Mr.Aditya)(Ms.Komal)(Mr.Manish)(Mr.Rohan)(Ms.Shipra) (Mr.Vishal)Table of ContentS.No Topic Page No.I IntroductionII Control & Powers of European
  6. 6. ParliamentIII Women MEP’sIV 20 Committees of European ParliamentV Co- decisionVI Budget of European ParliamentVII SourceVIIIs Sakharov PrizeIntroduction
  7. 7. The European Parliament (EP) is directly electedparliament body of the European Union. Together withthe council of European Union, it forms the bicamerallegislatures in the world. The Parliament & Council formsthe highest legislative body within Union. EuropeanParliament is composed of 785 members. Three places ofEP are Brussels, Luxembourg & France. NoParliamentary in Luxembourg.The vision of the European Parliament on the SingleEuropean Information Space.PEST AnalysisPolitical AnalysisControl & Powers EPI) Legislative procedure
  8. 8. With each new treaty, the powers of the Parliamenthave expanded. Its powers have been primarily definedthrough the Unions legislative procedures. The methodwhich has slowly become the dominant procedure(about three-quarters of policy areas) is the Co-DecisionProcedures, where powers are essentially equal betweenParliament and Council. Co-Decision provides an equalfooting between the two bodies. Under the procedure,the Commission presents a proposal to Parliament andthe Council. They then send amendments to the Councilwhich can either adopt the text with those amendmentsor send back a "common position". That proposal mayeither be approved or further amendments may betabled by the Parliament. If the Council does notapprove these, then a "Conciliation Committee" isformed. The Committee is composed of the Councilmembers plus an equal number of MEP’s who seek toagree a common position. Once a position is agreed, ithas to be approved by Parliament. Other proceduresinclude: Co-operation, meaning the Council can overrulethe Parliament if it is unanimous; Consultation, whichrequire just consultation of the Parliament; and Assentprocedure, where the Parliament has a veto. TheCommission and Council, or just Commission, can alsoact completely independently of the Parliament.
  9. 9. II) BudgetThe legislative branch officially holds the Unionsbudgetary authority, powers gained through theBudgetary Treaties, of the 1970s. The EU’s Budget isdivided into compulsory and non-compulsory spending.Compulsory spending is that resulting from EU treaties(including agriculture) and international agreements; therest is non-compulsory.The institutions draw up budget estimates and theCommission consolidates them into a draft budget. Boththe Council and the Parliament can amend the budgetwith the Parliament adopting or rejecting the budget atits second reading. The signatures of the Parliament’sPresident are required before the budget becomes law.The Parliament is also responsible for discharging theimplementation of previous budgets, on the basis of theannual report of the European Court of Auditors.III) Supervisory powersThe Parliament also has other powers of generalsupervision, mainly granted by the Maastricht Treaty.
  10. 10. The Parliament has the power to set up a Committee ofInquiry.The Parliament can call other institutions to answerquestions and if necessary to take them to court if theybreak EU law or treaties. Further more it has powersover the appointment of the members of the Court ofAuditors, and the president and executive board of theEuropean Central Bank. The president of EuropeanCentral Bank is also responsible to present the annualreport to the Parliament. EP also has a unit which alsohandles complaints against all institutions. Petitions arealso brought in front of Parliament by any EuropeanCitizen. Economy Analysis I) 22 Committees of EPIn European Parliament, there are 22 Committeesworking in their own areas, & these are as follows:- i) Budgets Committee ii) Budgetary Control
  11. 11. iii) Economic & Monetary Affairs iv) Employment in Social Affairs v) Employment, Public Health & Food vi) Safety vii) Industry Research & Energy viii) Internal Market & Consumer protection ix) Transport & Tourism x) Regional Development xi) Agriculture & Rural Development xii) Fisheries xiii) Culture & Education xiv) Legal Affairs xv) Civil Liberties, Justice & Home Affairs xvi) Constitutional Affairs xvii) Women’s Right & Gender Equality xviii) Petitions xix)Foreign Affairs xx) Human Rights xxi)Security & Defense xxii) Development & International Trade.Social Analysis
  12. 12. Women MEP’sWomen Members in European Parliament constitute 34%overall. But otherwise Women Members in EP are asfollows:- i) In EPP-DE(European People’s Party- European Democrats, Christian Democrats) women members are 278 . ii) In PE’s (Socialist Democrats) women members are 218 iii) In Alliance of Liberals, women members are 104. iv) In Union for Europe National Group women member constitute 44%. v) In Greens / European Free Alliance, women members constitute 42%. vi) In GUE/NGL (Gauche Unitaire European / Nordic Green Left) women members constitute 15%. vii) And Non attached members are 34%. II) Co-Decisions European Union makes the law & there are three processes for the same: - Co-Decision, Consultation & Assent. The legal process under which most directives are decided is the Co-Decision Procedure. Co-decision
  13. 13. procedure means that the European Parliamentdecides together with the Council of the EuropeanUnion. These decisions are regarding following:-i) Internal Marketii) Environmentiii) Transportiv) Public Healthv) Rights of European Citizenvi) Freedom of movement of workervii) Employmentviii) Social Policyix) Social Fundx) Educationxi) Consumer Protectionxii) Research & Technology Developmentxiii) Development Co-operationxiv) Transparency & Measure to Counter Fraud.III)Budget Of 2007Last Budget was presented by European Union wasestimated as follows:- (brief idea of the same)i) 43% expenditure on sustainable Growth.ii) 5% expenditure on Global
  14. 14. iii) 34% expenditure on Agriculture Expenses iv) 11% expenditure on Rural Development v) 6% expenditure on Administration vi) 1% expenditure on Citizenship, Freedom, Security & Justice. vii) 0.4% expenditure on Compensation. IV) Source of Funds Income of EU or EP comes from:- i) Gross National Income (69%); ii) VAT (15%) iii) Custom Duties, Agriculture Duties, etc(15%) iv) Miscellaneous (1%)SWOT AnalysisStrength AnalysisVery strong and full support of environment protectionthe leaders, that means if any of European Country is
  15. 15. attacked by any other country outside ( other thanEuropean countries), other European Countries supportthat European Country (which is attacked)- Financially,provide defence products, if necessary they may alsoprovide European Union Army, etc.Weakness AnalysisCostly system to implement environmental protectionsystems. European Union spend more for their defence,out of the funds collected from European Citizens astaxes.Oppurtunity AnalysisTheir no broder or boundary between any EuropeanCountry. More over they follow common trade policy.This makes dealing with any European Unionenvironment friendly trade, services & products.Threat Analysis
  16. 16. Each Employer of European Union have to pay taxes toemploy even one person. So Employers of EuropeanUnion avoid hiring people, instead install machines orplants which work most of the things on their own on aswitch of a button. So if this thing is not taken intoconsideration, European Union may face problemsregarding unemployment. SAKHAROV PRIZESince 1988, in the spirit of Andrei Sakharov, theEuropean Parliament has awarded the annual SakharovPrize for Freedom of Thought in order to honorindividuals or organizations for their efforts on behalf ofhuman rights and fundamental freedoms and againstoppression and injustice.From Gorky, where he was living in exile, AndreiSakharov (1921-1989), the renowned physicist, memberof the Academy of Sciences, dissident and 1975 NobelPeace Prize winner, sent a message to the EuropeanParliament saying how moved he was that it intended tocreate a prize for freedom of thought which would bearhis name. He rightly saw this as an encouragement to all
  17. 17. those who, like him, had committed themselves tochampioning human rights.Coming from a background in nuclear physics and endingas a dissident, he not only sought the release ofdissenters in his country but also drew attention to therelationship between science and society and to theissues of peaceful coexistence and intellectual freedom,which he analyzed in his writings. In the eyes of theworld, Sakharov came to embody the crusade against thedenial of fundamental rights. Neither intimidation norexile could break his resistance.In awarding the Sakharov Prize, the European Parliamenthonors, in particular, outstanding achievements in thefight to protect freedom of thought and expressionagainst intolerance, fanaticism and hatred. This reflectsits conviction that fundamental freedoms include notonly the right to life and physical integrity, but alsofreedom of expression and of the press, two of the mosteffective means of fighting oppression and keyyardsticks by which to judge whether a society isdemocratic and open.The right to untrammeled freedom of opinion andexpression, which is enshrined in Article 19 of theUnited Nations International Covenant on Civil andPolitical Rights of 16 December 1966 and which includes‘the right to seek, receive and impart information and
  18. 18. ideas of all kinds, regardless of frontiers, either orally, inwriting or in print, in the form of art, or though anymedium of [a persons] choice, reflects the spirit inwhich the European Parliament created the SakharovPrize.The European Parliament awards the human rights prize,endowed with EUR 50,000, at a formal sitting inStrasbourg which falls on or around 10 December, theday on which the United Nations Universal Declarationof Human Rights was signed in 1948.Key FindingsIf any company which is in a country that forms a part ofEuropean Union, is found breaking the law, it will beshut down.If any country or any organization is about to deal or isdealing with any European County’s Organization, theyhave to follow certain policies & procedures, rule &regulations, & etc. If anyone is found breaking theselaws, is charged the terms or contract on which theywere working on will become void.Not only this, if any company or any outside companycheats any customer, that company will be punished
  19. 19. according to the Consumer Protection Act of EuropeanParliament.Learning’sWe have learnt that if in future if someone makes a dealwith any of the companies of European Union, it willhave to abide by the rules and policies of theParliament. It would serve as a great example to acountry where rules are not much thought of. Strictnessis vital to India’s smooth administrative functioning.Conclusion
  20. 20. European Parliament constitutes 785 members, fromdifferent countries. All these countries follow the sametrade policies. They all follow rules, policies, Acts(Consumer Protection Act), etc which are set byEuropean Union. So whenever any meeting is held orwherever it is held, it is been attended by differentpeople belonging from different countries, who speak intheir mother Language, side- by –side, there are 25chambers which translate the speech of any person inthe language, which is understood by other people atthe very same time. So if one person speaks in French, atthe very same time it is translated in the other 24languages.