A brief presentation on Containerisation , the advent of Containerisation , use of marine containers to carry cargo across the oceans , description and types of marine containers , technical details of the marine containers etc. etc.
Prior to Containerisation MULTIPLE HANDLING All cargoes other than bulk commodities were moved package by package and piece by piece with multiple handling, resulting in damage, pilferage and time loss.
What is Containerisation <ul><li>It is a system of inter-modal cargo transport using standard ISO containers that can be loaded on containerships , railroad cars/trains and trucks </li></ul><ul><li>At the beginning containers were made of Steel frames with either Aluminium , Steel or Fibre Glass. </li></ul><ul><li>The 3 common standard lengths 20’ ( 6.1M) , 40’ ( 12.2M ) or 45’ (13.7M) </li></ul><ul><li>Container capacity of Ships, Yards , Terminals are measured in TEU = Twenty foot Equivalent Units or FEU = Forty foot Equivalent Units . </li></ul>
Pictorial flowchart Shipper books shipment with WHL WHL advises port depot to release empty to Shipper Port depot releases empty to Shipper Released empty is taken to Shipper’s premises At Shipper’s premises shipment stuffed into Contr. At Shipper’s premises shipment stuffed into Contr. Stuffed laden box returned to port by Shipper Stuffed laden box upon return to port is stacked in CY laden box taken to vsl side for loading laden box is loaded to vsl Ship sails out with the shipment
Types of Containers The exterior dimensions of all containers conforming to ISO standards are 20 feet long x 8 feet wide x 8 feet 6 inches high or 9 feet 6 inches high for high cube containers. VENTILATED CONTAINER 20’ Ideal for cargo requiring ventilation BULK CONTAINER 20’ For bulk cargoes
Types of Containers .. contd. TANK CONTAINER 20' For transportation of liquid chemicals and food stuffs DRY FREIGHT CONTAINER 20' and 40' General purpose container HIGH CUBE CONTAINER 40' and 45' 9'6" High - For over height and voluminous cargo
Types of Containers ..contd.. OPEN TOP CONTAINER 20' and 40' Removable tarpaulin for top loading of over height cargo FLAT RACK 20' and 40' For over width and heavy cargo PLATFORM 20' and 40' For extra length and heavy cargo
Types of Containers .. contd… INSULATED CONTAINER 20' and 40' For additional insulation of sensitive cargo REEFER CONTAINER 20' and 40’ & 40’HQ For Temperature controlled cargo. cooling, freezing or heating of foods or chemicals
M & R Training Course 1 Operation Department M & R Section ～ Container Parts Name ～
REAR Corner Fitting Hinge CSC Plate Locking Bar Guide Bracket Cone Protector Gasket Cam & keeper Handle Catch & retainer J-Bar TIR Plate Right Right Left Door Sill Door Header Handle Hub Weight Decal
FRONT Front Header Front Sill Front Panel Front Corner Post Corner Fitting Right Left Bottom Top Cone Protector
SIDE Bottom Rail Forklift Pocket Ventilator Top Rail Bottom Rail Gusset UIC Decal Height Code
ROOF Roof Panel Rear Extension Plate Roof Gusset Top Rail Roof Gusset Front Extension Plate Left Right
Understructure Front Sill Cross Member Forklift Pocket Straps Forklift Pocket Member
40’/HQ Understructure Cross Member Tunnel Bolster Tunnel Rail Outrigger Stiffener Front Panel Front Sill Corner Fitting Cone Protector 40 feet
Interior Right Side Panel Left Side Panel Roof Panel Front Panel Central Rail Goose Neck Tunnel Plate Floor Lashing Ring Lashing Ring Lashing Ring Lashing Bar Lashing Ring