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  1. 1. SPYWARE Presented By : Subhadip Bhadra Roll: 1070097 1
  2. 2. Table of Contents– Introduction– History and Development– What is Spyware?– What is Adware?– How does Spyware and Adware work?– How to detect if your computer has Spyware/Adware– What programs are there to help get rid of them?– Rating of the Programs– Recommendations 2
  3. 3. IntroductionWelcome to the What to do with Spyware and Adware Powerpoint presentation!This presentation will talk about: What is Spyware and Adware How can you detect symptoms of these programs on your computer Rating of selected Spyware and Adware killing programs Recommendations by the technicians. 3
  4. 4. History and development The first recorded use of the term spyware occurred on October 16,1995 in aUsenet post that poked fun at Microsoft’s business model. However, in early2000 the founder of Zone Labs, Gregor Freund, used the term in a pressrelease for the Zone Alarm Personal Firewall. Since then, "spyware" has takenon its present sense. According to a 2005 study by AOL and the NationalCyber-Security Alliance, 61 percent of surveyed users computers had someform of spyware. 92 percent of surveyed users with spyware reported thatthey did not know of its presence, and 91 percent reported that they had notgiven permission for the installation of the spyware.] As , spyware has becomeone of the preeminent security threats to computer systems running MicrosoftWindows operating systems 4
  5. 5. What is Spyware and Adware? They are independent programs that can be automatically installed when you surf throughout the internet or when you install free software. 5
  6. 6. What is Spyware?Advertising companies usesspyware to “mine data” tofurther help them advertisebetter.Uses your Internet connectionand reports statistical dataabout you and your surfinghabits a 3rd partyViolating your privacy.And is a completely LEGALprogram! 6
  7. 7. What is Adware? Adware are created by advertising companies Comes in the form of popups, unexplained advertising programs on your computer desktop like “Casino Night”. Advertising companies hope to generate money from customers who receive the popups or unexplained programs on their computers. Also a LEGAL program! 7
  8. 8. How was Spyware/Adware work? Spyware and Adware programs have a tendency to hide as cookie or temporary internet files Adware startup has the tendency to hide itself in the register keys as normal program. 8
  9. 9. How to detect you computer has spyware or adware…Continuous popupsPersistent change inyour homepage.Slower computerprocessing, takesthe computer longerto process orstartup. 9
  10. 10. Extreme symptoms of spyware or adware…Internet browserdoes not start up.Parts of yourcomputer youcannot accesswithout freezing.Major core data islost or changed. 10
  11. 11. Routes Of InfectionSpyware gets on a system through exploitation ofsoftware vulnerabilities.Spyware deceives user ,either by piggybacking on apiece of desirable software such as Kazaa or Limewiretricking them into installing it.Some anti-spyware program masquerade as securitysoftware while being spyware themselves .Someattackers used the Spybot worm to install spyware thatput pornographic pop-ups on the infected systemsscreen 11
  12. 12. What programs are there to help get rid of those programs?Out of many programs out in the internet that were created to detecting spyware/adware, four programs were chosen for this presentation.. They are: Spybot Search and Destroy Ad-aware 6.0 Symantec AntiVirus Spysweeper 12
  13. 13. Spybot Search and DestroyType: Spyware KillerAdvantages: – Has a Recovery feature that allows you to restore any files you may be deleted infected with spyware – Has an Immunity feature that protects you from already known spywaresDisadvantages: – Infrequent updates cause spywares to slip past scans and immunityComments: – Good program, but because of slow updates of spyware definitions, it renders the program not as useful 13
  14. 14. Spy SweeperType: Spyware/ Adware (FreeVersion)Advantages: – Has a immunity shield that blocks known spywares.Disadvantages: – Takes a while to scan. – Unless you pay for the Spy- Sweeper, it does not come with definition updates.Comments: – Effective program, only backdraw is the payment you need to make yearly to keep the 14 program updated.
  15. 15. Norton Symantec AntiVirusType: Virus/ Spyware/ AdwareAdvantages: • Can detect viruses, hacking programs, spyware programs, adware programs, joke programs etc. • Comes with a firewall.Disadvantages: • Detects very few adware/spyware programs • Very confusing to use.Comments: • Norton Symantec still has ways to go in detecting 15 adware/spyware programs
  16. 16. Ad-aware 6.0Type: AdwareAdvantages: • Easy to use scanning. • Detailed logs of where the adware and spyware programs are hidden.Disadvantages: • Ad-aware was built was adware, so its ability to catch spyware is restrictedComments: • Effective Program. A bit on the costly side 16 but its well worth it.
  17. 17. RecommendationsPreventing spyware and adware from getting onto yourcomputer is your first step! – Do not download unnecessary software from the internet, especially free ones because they most likely have adware or spyware inside them. – If a download screen appears, asking you to confirm your download, click no if you not trying to install anything. – Avoid clicking advertised popups especially ones that mention “free” stuff if possible. 17
  18. 18. RecommendationsTechnical Recommendations – Some adware/spyware files like to hide in the temporary internet folders. – Disable saving of temporary files by going to Program Files, Control Panel, Network and Internet Connections, Internet Options, Temporary Internet Files Settings, Check Never under “Check for Newer Version of Stored Pages”. – Constantly delete old temporary files and cookies by going to Program Files, Control Panel, Network and Internet Connections, Internet Options, Delete Cookies and Delete Temporary Files. – Remember though, adware and spyware can be tricky, no matter how cautious you are, there are bound to be adware or spyware programs that install into your computer. » Always constantly scan your computer for adware and spyware and keep your Adware/Spyware killer programs fully updated at all times. 18
  19. 19. RecommendationsRecommended Spyware/ Adware Killers without any restraints – The “Tri-Killer” combination: • Ad-aware 6.0 Professional Edition: Primary scanner • Spy-sweeper paid version: Primary scanner and use their immune guards. • Spybot Free Edition: Scan for any spyware Spy-Sweeper may have missed.Recommended Spyware/ Adware Killers with a price restraints • Ad-aware 6.0 Free Edition: Primary Scanner • Spy-Sweeper paid version: Primary Scanner • Spybot Free Edition: Scan for any spyware Spy-Sweeper may have missedRecommended Spyware/ Adware Killers with a time restraints (not recommended) • Ad-aware 6.0 Free Edition: Primary Scanner: Fast Scan Mode • Spybot Free Edition: • Suggestion: Spyware/ Adware killers are suppose to take time to scan, if you have time restraints, turn on the scanners, leave them running and go do something. 19
  20. 20. Thank you for watching!Any questions please ask! 20
  21. 21. ReferencesFor those interesting more in this topic, here are some links: http://www.symantecstore.com/dr/sat1/ec_Main.Entry? SP=10007&SID=27674&CID=0&DSP=0&CUR=840&PGRP= 0&CACHE_ID=39910 http://www.lavasoftusa.com/software/adaware/ http://www.webroot.com/wb/products/spysweeper/index.php http://www.safer-networking.org/en/index.html 21
  22. 22. Future Add-OnsA detailed graph of the amounts ofspyware/adware that was found during research.Additional software should be tested.Discover is there a software that can detect anddestroy both adware and spyware effectively 22