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How will HE benefit from linked data?


                               Su White
                          saw@ecs.soton.ac...
Semantic Technologies for
       learning and teaching




1st July 2010!   http://semtech.ecs.soton.ac.uk!              L...
acknowledge




                    http://linkeddata.jiscpress.org/!



                                Learning Societie...
The shape of this talk


                                    1 – intro




 4 –future and conclusions?                    ...
The balance…




                                               Hard semantics - pure!
                                   ...
A case of mass exposure?




                                            Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
          ...
Where the future lies…

                                             The data.gov model…

                 “The people who...
We want to climb over the
       walls…

                                     ECS!
                                       ...
    Public and private
           capital
                                      A       Public and private
             ...
How do you model complexity?
                                                                HERO                       St...
Backbone concepts

       Lets   rework Shotton’s concept of semantic publication into
          the educational context
...
Report findings

         Most of the identified HE challenges can be addressed by querying across
          institutiona...
Report findings

         Semantic tools and services that map linked data to application specific
          ontologies w...
Learning and teaching

     Classroom administration                     Learning activities
            Assisting course ...
Linked data in the classroom




                                                Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
  ...
Learning in the wild?




                                                                                                ...
Models and data (for learning)




                                                  Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010...
some

             AFFORDANCE LED CHANGE

                                        Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
 ...
We use RDF – it saves time!




                                               Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
    ...
Links through




                                 Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
                              Un...
2009




                            Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
                         University of Southam...
Add some student generated
       content




                                              Learning Societies Lab,
1st Ju...
Tie in with the wild web…




                                             Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
        ...
Add some structure




                                      Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
                      ...
Edshare web science




                                       Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
                    ...
WHAT NEXT?

                                     Learning Societies Lab,
1st July 2010!
                                  ...
Southampton
                                        Learning
                                      Environment




Making ...
Thank You 

     Su White
     Learning Societies Lab
     Electronics and Computer Science
     University of Southampto...
Creative commons attribution
       non-commercial share alike




                                                Learnin...
Selected references
         Tim Berners Lee - Design Issues: Linked Data
                                               ...
Reframing the web…




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        0001...
01110010011000010111
        01110010000001100100
        01100001011101000110
        00010010000001101110
        011011...
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Ready for Web 3.0: How will Linked Data benefit Higher Education?

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How will Linked Data benefit Higher Education?
The potential impact of widespread use of linked-data in Higher Education is immense. Everyday understandings of the power derived by placing raw data in the public domain is growing. It promises to transform education, interconnecting administrative data, enriching and embellishing teaching resources while providing tools and resources for learners and researchers alike.
 
Dr Su White is based in the Learning Societies Lab, in Electronics and Computer Science at the University of Southampton. A member of the JISC Infrastructure and Resources Committee and co- author of Semantic Technologies for Learning and Teaching, Su’s research interests include the impact of emerging technologies on Higher Education.

Published in: Education, Technology
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Ready for Web 3.0: How will Linked Data benefit Higher Education?

  1. 1. How will HE benefit from linked data? Su White saw@ecs.soton.ac.uk http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw/ ALPSP workshop 1st July 2010 Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  2. 2. Semantic Technologies for learning and teaching 1st July 2010! http://semtech.ecs.soton.ac.uk! Learning Societies Lab, University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  3. 3. acknowledge http://linkeddata.jiscpress.org/! Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  4. 4. The shape of this talk 1 – intro 4 –future and conclusions? 2 – context(s) and findings 3 – some (affordance led) change (case study) Learning Societies Lab, University of Southampton 1st July 2010 http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  5. 5. The balance… Hard semantics - pure! • Machine readable! • Rigorous modeling! Soft semantics - pragmatic! • Human readable! • Lightweight modeling! Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  6. 6. A case of mass exposure? Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  7. 7. Where the future lies… The data.gov model… “The people who   Exposed data, good enough will do cool stuff (“raw data now”) with your data…   If possible using standards will not be you” (like XCRI or RDFa…)   Be a semantic squirrel http://semantic-squirrel.org/!   Use the social web   Crowd sourcing ‘let computers do the tedious stuff’ !   Shared development   Social communities Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  8. 8. We want to climb over the walls… ECS! Student ! faceboo services k! ! admin! Adapted from one used by tbl, originally from the economist I think Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  9. 9.   Public and private capital A   Public and private capital   Across departments D   Across departments and institutions M and institutions R E   Enable workflows and I   Enable workflows E collaboration and collaboration D N S U RE   Reporting, research I   Report retention and returns progression C S EA   Disseminate, share and reuse findings T   Student recruitment A R   Admission tariffs and T SC   Attract funding R course requirements I EH   Integrate knowledge A   Publish module capital specifications O T A N   Facilitate inter-   Publish accreditation disciplinary initiatives I data R   Remove/reduce overheads (time to O   Dynamic data exchange between C publication) N departments H Common data-> exposed -> shared ->RDF Learning Societies Lab, University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  10. 10. How do you model complexity? HERO Student Explore web site UCAS Part-time Student Book open day Elsevier Work-placement Student Investigate current admissions tariff Blackwells Recent graduate Compare five potential UCAS choices HESA Retake student Review league table performance HEFCE Alumna Change mind about study options at last minute UUK PSB Examine HERO institutional profile Russel Group Prospective Student Find out who teaches in a department HEA Tutor Check out the dates of the next academic year 01110010011000010111 THES Graduate Teaching Consult01110010000001100100 the regulations regarding academic integrity 01100001011101000110 Guardian Assistant 00010010000001101110 timetable Download 01101111011101110010 Open Courseware Lab technician Make appointment with mentoring service 0001 Registry Part time tutor Make travel arrangements Student loans company Teacher Reserve a library book Sustrans Researcher Find journal articles and put into collection Data.gov Administrator Book a meeting room IET Librarian Select options ACM Learning technologist Review transcript BCS Media Assistant Construct learning portfolio IEEE IT support Create online CV GMC Invigilator Submit a mitigating circumstances request GTC Doctor Review current marks profile Open Street Map Counsellor Identify tutor for failing student Ordnance Survey Senior tutor Check marks profile of potential project student Mimas Review institutional software portfolio ePrints Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! EdShare University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  11. 11. Backbone concepts   Lets rework Shotton’s concept of semantic publication into the educational context   semantic publication   include anything that enhances the meaning of a published information  facilitates its automated discovery  enables its linking to semantically related information  provides access to associated data in actionable form  facilitates the integration of associated data   Educationally we are talking about situated learning and rich learning environments   This has to be done automatically Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  12. 12. Report findings   Most of the identified HE challenges can be addressed by querying across institutional repositories (databases, web pages, VLEs)   Significant learning and teaching challenges can be addressed by accessing resources across departments, schools, institutions   The emergence of linked data fields across related repositories will enable new applications relevant to identified HE challenges   The initial value of semantic technology will be in scale rather than reasoning   Adopt a bottom-up approach starting from linked data which can be related to (layers of) ontologies later in the context of specific applications. Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  13. 13. Report findings   Semantic tools and services that map linked data to application specific ontologies will :   increase the value and impact of linked data   Motivate and drive community agreed ontologies alongside application specific ontologies which will empower semantic applications   emerge enable pedagogically aware applications through expressive semantics   Students can use authentic (semantic/linked data enabled) tools and resources in real contexts for real tasks (digital literacies). This is particularly powerful for exploratory/informal/independent learning   Some specialist teaching outcomes may be possible e.g. Argumentation and critical thinking skills could be developed through advanced reasoning over large volume of resources Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  14. 14. Learning and teaching Classroom administration Learning activities Assisting course creation   Critical thinking and   Aggregate course and module argumentation support information   Efficient personal and group   Visible data -> dynamic analysis knowledge construction and feedback   Authentic learning   Aggregate relevant resources   Group formation and workflow   Assessment, certification,   Streamline accreditation and countering/detecting plagiarism quality processes   Learning in the wild   Informal learning   Self-actuated learning   Aggregation, personalisation, customisation Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  15. 15. Linked data in the classroom Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  16. 16. Learning in the wild? Real data Real skills http://www.mikeaxelrod.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/2009/01/agropedia_rice1.jpg Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  17. 17. Models and data (for learning) Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  18. 18. some AFFORDANCE LED CHANGE Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  19. 19. We use RDF – it saves time! Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  20. 20. Links through Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  21. 21. 2009 Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  22. 22. Add some student generated content Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  23. 23. Tie in with the wild web… Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  24. 24. Add some structure Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  25. 25. Edshare web science Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  26. 26. WHAT NEXT? Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  27. 27. Southampton Learning Environment Making it Rich and Personal: meeting institutional challenges from next generation learning environments http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/21327/ Learning Societies Lab, University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  28. 28. Thank You  Su White Learning Societies Lab Electronics and Computer Science University of Southampton saw@ecs.soton.ac.uk http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw/ http://twitter.com/suukii http://delicious.com/suukii http://shirleyknot.blogspot.com/ Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  29. 29. Creative commons attribution non-commercial share alike Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  30. 30. Selected references   Tim Berners Lee - Design Issues: Linked Data http://www.w3.org/DesignIssues/LinkedData/   Tim Berners Lee on the Next Web http://www.ted.com/talks/tim_berners_lee_on_the_next_web.html/   Paul Miller (2010) Linked Data Horizon Scan – JISC report http://linkeddata.jiscpress.org/   The Semantic Squirrel http://semantic-squirrel.org/   Shotton, D., Portwin, K., Klyne, G. and Miles, A. (2009). Adventures in semantic publishing: exemplar semantic enhancement of a research article. PLoS Computational Biology 5 (4): e1000361. http://www.ploscompbiol.org/doi/pcbi.1000361   Tiropanis Thanassis , Davis, H., Millard, D., Weal, M., White, S. and Wills, G. (2009) Semantic Technologies in Learning and Teaching (SemTech) - JISC Report http://semtech.ecs.soton.ac.uk/   White, S., Davis, H. C., Morris, D. and Hancock, P. (2010) Making it rich and personal: meeting institutional challenges from next generation learning environments. In: The PLE conference 2010, 8-9 July 2010 http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/21327/   XCRI http://www.xcri.org/Welcome.html/ Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010 University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  31. 31. Reframing the web… 01110010011000010111 01110010000001100100 01100001011101000110 00010010000001101110 01101111011101110010 0001 Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw
  32. 32. 01110010011000010111 01110010000001100100 01100001011101000110 00010010000001101110 01101111011101110010 0001 Learning Societies Lab, 1st July 2010! University of Southampton http://www.ecs.soton.ac.uk/~saw

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