Qing dynasty

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Qing dynasty

  1. 1. QING-DYNASTY A presentation by Christina Hochedlinger & Stefan Luckeneder
  2. 2. INDEX <ul><li>Formation of the Qing-Dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Qing-China until the First Opium War </li></ul><ul><li>The crisis around 1800 </li></ul><ul><li>Qing-China between Opium-Wars and Taiping </li></ul><ul><li>The First Opium War </li></ul><ul><li>The end of the dynasty </li></ul><ul><li>Daily life </li></ul><ul><li>The role of women in society </li></ul><ul><li>Foot binding </li></ul>
  3. 3. FORMATION OF THE QING-DYNASTY <ul><li>founded in 1616 by the Manchu </li></ul><ul><li>ended in 1911 after the foundation of the Republic of China </li></ul><ul><li>The first palace of the empire was located in Shenyang </li></ul><ul><li>In 1641 the Manchu started a great invasion in the China of the Ming-Dynasty </li></ul>
  4. 4. QING-CHINA UNTIL THE FIRST OPIUM WAR <ul><li>In 1645 the Chinese clothing (Hanfu) and the hairstyle changed </li></ul><ul><li>marriages between Chinese and Manchu were forbidden </li></ul><ul><li>Beijing was divided into two parts </li></ul><ul><li>a lot of massacres </li></ul>
  5. 5. QING-CHINA UNTIL THE FIRST OPIUM WAR <ul><li>The prohibition of intermarriage was ignored by the Manchu-Elite </li></ul><ul><li>Han-Chinese became the official language again and the Manchu language was displaced </li></ul><ul><li>Until 1685 the Manchu occupied land </li></ul><ul><li>Kangxi was one of the most famous emperors </li></ul><ul><li>The technology of the preindustrial ages was very advanced </li></ul><ul><li>In 1720 Kangxi founded the protectorate Tibet </li></ul>
  6. 6. THE CRISIS AROUND 1800 <ul><li>under Qianlong, Qing-China experienced a huge expansion of force </li></ul><ul><li>the Qing-Dynasty started to regulate the oversea-trade stricter </li></ul><ul><li>the fall of the dynasty was not deniable anymore </li></ul><ul><li>around 1800 another crisis took place </li></ul>
  7. 7. QING-CHINA BETWEEN OPIUM-WARS AND TAIPING <ul><li>the riots of the farmers found no end </li></ul><ul><li>the smuggling and consumation of opium increased </li></ul><ul><li>silver flowed off China </li></ul><ul><li>the First Opium War started </li></ul>
  8. 8. THE FIRST OPIUM WAR <ul><li>China and Great Britain waged the First Opium War </li></ul><ul><li>the result was that China was forced to allow the trade of opium and to open their market borders </li></ul>
  9. 9. THE END OF THE DYNASTY <ul><li>in 1900 the Qing-dynasty laid in ruins </li></ul><ul><li>China was divided into several parts </li></ul><ul><li>in 1911 the Republic of China was founded </li></ul>
  10. 10. DAILY LIFE <ul><li>with the expansion of commerce, the quality of daily life changed </li></ul><ul><li>they learned legends about historical heroes and villains </li></ul><ul><li>they established food kitchens and medical clinics for the poor </li></ul>
  11. 11. THE ROLE OF WOMEN IN SOCIETY <ul><li>in the 19 th century opportunities opened up for girls to attend schools and to study abroad </li></ul><ul><li>they also fought for political causes </li></ul>
  12. 12. FOOT BINDING <ul><li>was a custom practiced on young girls and women </li></ul><ul><li>was first present in the elite </li></ul><ul><li>young girls' feet were wrapped in tight bandages so that they could not grow and develop normally </li></ul>
  13. 13. THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

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