Origins of Jazz Music Where Jazz was developed Different styles of music that influenced early jazz Different ethnicities and their culture that influenced jazz Two musical styles most responsible for shaping jazz
Brass Bands in Civil War Both North and South employed Military bands.
African Heritage Most slaves were captured in West Africa. Not all African music is the same – many regional and tribal differences. Example of music and dance from Mali:West Africa Dance and SongIn Africa, rhythm and music is part of everyday life.Foli - Rhythm is Everywhere
African-American song in the USA Slaves, and later freed workers sang “work songs” to help to make their work day go by faster. Work Song John and Alan Lomax traveled the Southern USA in the 1930s-40s, recording many work songs, prison songs, and folk songs.
Some African musical sensibilities, such as the prominent role of the drums, survived into the generations after slavery. But Black musicians in New Orleans were not playing African music. They were playing European based forms of music, such as Brass Band marching music and classical music.
Music of the African-American Church musical examples The “Fairfield Four” a cappella gospel group: Gospel Vocal Quintet Aretha Franklin singing gospel music: Mary, Dont You Weep(start @1:00 – 5:05)
Turn of the Century New Orleans New Orleans was a very cosmopolitan & liberal city As a port city a large variety of immigrants & ethnicities Musicians well respected and hired for all types of events Creoles: light skinned blacks of African/European descent. Many were musically trained in the classics.
Musical New Orleans Huge variety of musical styles present in New Orleans Orchestras, opera houses, brass bands, string bands, etc. Congo Square-Area where slaves were allowed to perform, continued to 1885 Military bands provided music for social dances
Origins of Ragtime Most popular form of music in late 1800’s & early 1900’s Began as a solo piano style in Missouri towns & spread by sale of sheet music Incorporated elements of classical piano styles and American marching bands
Ragtime Name came from “ragging” or syncopating the beat Ragtime involved little or no improvisation Ragtime bands were used for social dances Huge increase in sales of pianos & player pianos
Scott Joplin Scott Joplin (1868-1917) famous ragtime composer “Maple Leaf Rag” over 1 million copies of sheet music (in our Listening Folder) Elevated the style to an important musical form “The Entertainer” used in movies, still played today
Origins of the Blues First developed by African- Americans in rural south Came from spirituals, work songs, field hollers, shouts Began as an unaccompanied vocal style Later instruments like banjo & guitar accompanied
Blues “Evil twin” of black gospel church music Call and response, blues notes typical of style Improvisation important element of the blues In 1890’s spread to urban cities like New Orleans
Howlin’ Wolf (Chester Arthur Burnett) (1910 – 1976)Howlin Wolf explains the Bluesthe Wolf in action
Origins of Jazz Jazz developed in New Orleans in the 1890’s Blended blues, ragtime, brass bands, church, classical, etc. Borrowed syncopated rhythms form ragtime Borrowed idea of improvisation from the blues. Utilized the bent notes and nuances of the blues.
Jazz Borrowed blues vocal style, blues & ragtime repertoire Developed in New Orleans in areas like Storyville district Originally called “Jass” for jasmine perfume worn by prostitutes in Storyville Spread to other cities throughout America