StuartAdamsDETT611A5

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Class Project for DETT611 at UMUC

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StuartAdamsDETT611A5

  1. 1. Defining the Need for InformationFirstSteps for Initiating a Research EffortUsing ACRL Standards, Performance Indicators, and Outcomes<br />Stuart Adams<br />DETT 611<br />August 18, 2011<br />Information Literacy Module <br />
  2. 2. First Steps for Initiating a Research EffortIntroduction & Overview<br />Information Literacy skills are for life as well as for academics<br />Scholarly Research is a more formal approach to building knowledge<br />ALA /ACRL has established Information Literacy Standards<br />This tutorial will focus on one standard and apply it to actual practice (Standard 1, Performance Indicator 1)<br />Information Literacy is ““the set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information.” - ACRL<br />
  3. 3. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Scholarship, Research and Inquiry<br />Scholarship Builds Knowledge on Knowledge<br />“Fundamentally, scholarship is about learning, describing, and explaining what one has learned and how one has learned it” - Dr. Paul Courant<br /><ul><li>Research Is the Intellectual “Conversation” with Scholars & Experts – Past & Present</li></ul>Aristotle Says: Locke Says: Jefferson Says: So, I Say:<br />
  4. 4. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Scholarship, Research and Inquiry<br /><ul><li>Research Is Inquiry: Good Research Starts with a Good Question</li></li></ul><li>The Steps for Initiating Research<br />Understand Research Goals<br />Develop Background Information and Understandings<br />Select a Research Topic<br />Translate Research Topic Into Research Problem<br />Perform Preliminary Research; Identify Initial Keywords<br />Refine Research Problem, based on Preliminary Research<br />Formulate Research Question<br />
  5. 5. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 1: Understand Your Research Goals<br />What is My Purpose?<br />What is the Class Assignment?<br />What Rubric is Being Applied?<br />What Results Have Been Negotiated?<br />What Do I Want to Know<br />Who Is My Audience ?<br />Instructor<br />Scholarly Community<br />Co-worker, Boss, or Customer/Client<br />Self<br />
  6. 6. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 2: Develop Background Information and Understandings<br />Review Your Course Materials<br />Based on: <br />Class Content<br />What you already know<br />Julia Spranger<br />
  7. 7. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 3: Select a Research Topic<br />Topic Source:<br />Class Assignment <br />Need to Advance the Scholarly Discourse<br />Business or Personal Interest<br />Could be based on systematic technique for creating a topic<br />Battles<br />Bull Run<br />Vicksburg<br />Gettysburg<br />Atlanta<br />“Mind Map”<br />Battles<br />Bull Run<br />Vicksburg<br />Gettysburg<br />“Brainstorm” List<br />Politics<br />Abolitionists<br />Republican Party<br />Civil War<br />Key Persons<br />A. Lincoln<br />J. Davis<br />Gen. Lee<br />Slavery<br />Bull Run<br />Vicksburg<br />Gettysburg<br />
  8. 8. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 3: Select a Research Topic<br /><ul><li>Should be of interest to researcher to ensure enthusiastic effort
  9. 9. Example: Important Battles of the Civil War </li></ul>chucka_nc<br />Currier & Ives<br />
  10. 10. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 4: Translate Research Topic Into a Research Problem<br />Research Problem = Preliminary Research Question<br />Get Started, Don’t Expect Perfection<br />Be Creative: <br />Example: “What battle was most important to the outcome of the Civil War?”<br />A good problem, a researchable and answerable one, is… a result of a reflective act. It results from a dialogical encounter between rationality and creativity.<br /> – Dr. K. Abdul Gafoor<br />
  11. 11. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 5: Perform Preliminary Research; Identify Initial Keywords<br />Keywords:<br />Gettysburg,<br /> R.E. Lee, <br />Tactics, Infantry, Cavalry <br />Union, Confederate<br />Read, Read, Read (and take good notes)<br />Begin to Capture a List of Key Words<br />
  12. 12. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 6: Refine Research Problem, Based on Preliminary Research<br />Keywords:<br />Gettysburg,<br /> R.E. Lee, G. Meade, <br />Seminary Ridge, Culp's Hill Pickett’s Charge<br />Tactics, Infantry, Cavalry <br />Union, Confederate<br />Let the Topic Evolve: Research Is Cyclical <br />Get Proper Scope (not too narrow or too broad)<br />Too Broad: “Who Won The Civil War and Why?” <br />Too Narrow: “Was Stonewall Jackson's Absence at Gettysburg Critical to the Confederate 2nd Corp's Mistakes and the Subsequent Failure of Lee's Tactical Initiative?” <br /><ul><li>Develop an Expanded List of Keywords </li></li></ul><li>First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort <br />Step 6: Refine Research Problem, Based on Preliminary Research (cont.)<br />Civil War<br /><ul><li> Be patient: Keep Asking Questions and Following Leads</li></ul>Union Victory (Why?)<br />Gettysburg (Important?)<br />Battles<br />Gen. R.E. Lee<br />2nd Day’s Fighting<br />Tactical Mistakes?<br />Gen. G. G. Meade<br />3rd Day’s Fighting<br />Did Lee’s Tactical Mistakes on Day 3 Cost the South the Battle of Gettysburg and Perhaps the War? <br />
  13. 13. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Step 7: Formulate Research Question<br />Write Out Research Question in Formal Terms<br />Example: Did Lee’s Tactical Mistakes on Day 3 Cost the South the Battle of Gettysburg and Perhaps the War? <br />List Keywords<br />Example: General Lee, General Meade, Tactics, Infantry, Cavalry, Peach Orchard, Seminary Ridge, Pickett’s Charge, Culp’s Hill, Union, Confederate.<br />Currier & Ives<br />
  14. 14. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Mapping the Steps to the ACRL Standards<br />
  15. 15. First Steps for Initiating a Research Effort Conclusions<br />Summary:<br />Research is a Part of the Ongoing Process of Knowledge Building Which Begins With A Good Question<br />Use the 7 Step Process to Set Goals, Pick a Topic, Do Preliminary Research and Refine the Problem into a Research Question<br />This Approach is Effective and is Consistent with the ACRL Standards<br />You can be a successful researcher if you can get off to a good start<br />
  16. 16. References<br />ACRL (Association of College and Research Libraries). (2004.) Information literacy competency standards for higher education. Retrieved from http://www.ala.org/ala/mgrps/divs/acrl/standards /information literacycompetency.cfm <br />Bennett, E. , Berg, S., Brothen, E., Peterson, K. & Veal, R. (2006). Library research handbook. Cappella University. Retrieved 8/12/11 from http://www.capella.edu/interactivemedia/information Literacy/index.aspx <br /> Courant, P. (2008).   Scholarship: The wave of the future in the digital age. In R. N. Katz [Ed.].   (2008). The tower and the cloud: Higher education in the age of cloud computing. (2008).  Boulder, CO:  EDUCAUSE. Retrieved from http://www.educause.edu/thetowerandthecloud/PUB7202t <br />Engle, M. (1996). Library Research at Cornell: A Hypertext Guide. Retrieved 8/12/2011 from http://www.library.cornell.edu/okuref/research/tutorial.html <br />Gafoor, K. (2008). How to Arrive at Good Research Questions?. Online Submission, Retrieved from http://eric.ed.gov/PDFS/ED507393.pdf<br />Hisle, D., Gustavson, A., & Whitehusrt, A. (2010) Research basics 101. Retrieved 8/12/2011 from http://media.lib.ecu.edu/DE/tutorial/ChoosingATopic/topic.html<br /> Mackey, K. (2008). IRIS 4-2: Information & Research Instruction Suite for Two-Year Colleges. Clark University. Retrieved from http://www.clark.edu/Library/iris/index.shtml <br />Moeckel, L. Thomas, P., Williams, P., & Kasowitz-Scheer, A. (2001). The productive researcher; Defining topics and generating keywords. Retrieved 8/12/2011 from http://library.syr.edu/ services/getting_help /instruction/productive_researcher/keywords/index.php<br />Shepard, R.(2009). Starting a research project. Document posted in University of Maryland University College VLIB 101 6980 online classroom, archived at: http://webtycho.umuc.edu<br /> Williamson, F. (2006). Information literacy, A dean's perspective. Retrieved Aug 12, 2011, from Library Research Handbook: Your roadmap to information literacy: http://www.capella.edu/interactivemedia/informationLiteracy/interactive/faculty/faculty_master_outer_wrapper.asp<br />Woodward, K. M., & Ganski, K.L. (2011). Information literacy tutorial; Module 1:How do I search. Retrieved 8/12/2011 from http://guides.library.uwm.edu/content.php?pid=121422&sid=1220668<br />

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