10-4-2010 In grammar, a preposition is a part of speech that introduces prepositional phrase. 1. A preposition is a word that links a noun, pronoun or gerund to other word. 2. The ball is on the table The Government of Italy
10-4-2010 single words:- first About Above Across After Against Along Among As At Before Behind Below Beside Between But By Down Except For From In Inside Into Like Near Next Of Off On Onto Out Pace Than Through To Under Up Upon With Without
10-4-2010 second Multiple Words TWO WORDS According to Because of Close to Far from Near to Next to Out from Out of THREE WORDS As far as By means of In addition of In case of In front of On top of
10-4-2010 1. Use “ at ” for specific times . The movie starts at 7:00. 2. Use “ in ” for nonspecific times during a day, months, seasons, and years We got married in December. She likes to jog in the morning. It's too cold in winter. He started the job in 1971. 3. Use “ on ” for days and dates. My brother is coming on Monday. We're having a party on the Fourth of July. 4. Use “ since ” to say when an activity began, and “ for ” to say how long it has been going on. He has been president of the company since 2003. I have lived here for two years.
10-4-2010 Note: The present perfect is often used with “since” and “for” to talk about activities which began in the past and continue in the present.
10-4-2010 1. Use “ on ” with names of streets , lines and surfaces. Her house is on Boretz Road. Vancouver is on the west coast of Canada. Put the vase on the table. They were sitting on the grass. 2. Use “ in ” with areas that have boundaries and enclosed places. also use” in “ to show position within land-areas (towns, counties, states, countries, and continents). I think I left my keys in the bedroom. She lives in Jeddah Jeddah is in S A. S A is in Asia
10-4-2010 3. Use “ at ” for a point and with a building when we either mean inside or outside Let’s meet at the cinema. It was a hot day at the stadium. 4. Other preposition of place There are people outside the cinema. There’s a clock above the cinema entrance . The cinema entrance is under the clock. The bank is next to / beside the cinema. The bank is between the cinema and the café . There is the hill behind the town. The car is in front of the bank.
10-4-2010 To it means orientation toward a goal.. We flew from New York to Paris. (OR) We flew to Paris. When our car broke down, we walked to the nearest gas station
10-4-2010 onto: it means movement toward a surface = ON + TO The frog jumped onto the green leaf
10-4-2010 IN + TO = into: it means movement toward the interior of a volume. The milk went into the glass. The delivery people carried the new couch into the living room. A man is jumping into the pool.
10-4-2010 Note : The opposite of “ to ” is “ from ” / the opposite of “ into ” is “ out of ” / the opposite of “ onto ” is “ off ”.
10-4-2010 Some other prepositions which show movement are: through , across , up , down , along , past going from one point to the other point through: from one side to the other side across: Up from low to high from high to low down in a line; from one point to another along going near sth./sb . past You shouldn't walk through the forest. He went up the hill. The cat is under the table. Go past the post office. You mustn't go across this road here. They're walking along the beach.
10-4-2010 The school is _____ the park. The bookshop is ____ the butcher's The post office is ____ the bank and the cinema. The cinema is ____ Oxford Street.
10-4-2010 Let's meet _____ six o'clock. He was born _____ July. I went there _____ 1978. She'll be at work _____ Friday. They drove to Rochester ______ September 15th. We arrived in this country _____ October