Language Book 3

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Language Book 3

  1. 1. Unit 1 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Adjectives Verbs (homemaking) ability Personalities Modals accomplishment easygoing can/could affection egotistical will/would (physical) attractiveness intolerant Other (close) friend modest brag homemaking organized can’t stand intelligence (un)reliable find leadership sociable get (along [with]/angry/annoyed) passion stingy go out (with) performance supportive have (a sense of humor/in (earnings) potential temperamental common) selflessness Other (fashion) sense Preposition attractive sense of humor during (a movie) depressed sensitivity ideal (job/social) skills interested success mad warmth Pronouns him/herself others someone Expressions Expressing likes and dislikes Making an offer What kind of . . . do you like? Let me . . . . I like people who/that . . . . Expressing agreement and disagreement I’d prefer someone who/that . . . . For me, . . . ./I think . . . . I like/love (it when) . . . . I agree./I’m not sure I agree. I’d really like to . . . . I feel the same way. I don’t mind it when . . . . Expressing approval Asking for more information Oh, good. What else? Great! Complaining I can’t stand it when . . . . I think it’s disgusting when . . . . It bothers me when . . . . I hate it when . . . . T-176 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  2. 2. Unit 2 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns lawyer Verbs Jobs/Occupations/ pharmacist conduct Careers politician earn accountant psychiatrist seem (secret) agent (newspaper/TV) reporter sound air traffic controller veterinarian Other Adverb architect (dis)advantage probably child-care worker choir director landscaping Conjunctions (high school) coach (job) lead as (gossip) columnist orchestra but comedian salary (restaurant) cook (public) speaking counselor tan (clothing/Web) designer Adjectives (bus/taxi) driver conventional flight attendant enterprising headhunter investigative (aerobics) instructor (un)predictable intern realistic landscaper social Expressions Asking for and giving an opinion Expressing surprise What do you think? As far as I’m concerned, . . . . Really? How about this/that? In my opinion, . . . ./It Are you kidding? seems/sounds . . . . Expressing enthusiasm Doesn’t that sound . . .? It sure does. Wow! Disagreeing Guess what . . . . Not so! That's great! I don’t think so. Making a suggestion I don’t agree! Let’s . . . . I’m not so sure. Beginning a series First of all, . . . . Adding information In addition, . . . . Further, . . . . On the other hand, . . . . For example, . . . . © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-177
  3. 3. Unit 3 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns give (a gift) Adverbs (digital) camera have (a party) before espresso look at out (staff) meeting make (a phone call/a request) (phone) number move (into) Prepositions offer (an apology) at (five) Adjectives owe (an apology) behind (me) complicated receive (a compliment/a gift/ on (Friday) free (= not busy) an invitation/a phone call) ready Interjections refuse (a gift/a request) by the way underwater reject of course Verbs return (a favor/a phone call/ uh a compliment) accept (an apology/an invitation/ uh-huh a request) spill um decline stay yeah deny (a request) take back do (a favor) take care (of) finish turn down (an invitation) Expressions Talking on the telephone Would you mind if I . . . ? Hi, . . . . This is . . . . That’s OK, I guess. Oh, hi, . . . . What’s up? I wonder if . . . . Leaving telephone messages Sure, that’s fine. Hello? I was wondering if you’d mind . . . . Hello. May I speak to . . . , please? Not at all. I’m sorry, . . . ’s not in right now. Thanking someone Would you like to leave a message? Thanks a million./Thanks! Yes, please. Sure. Making, accepting, and declining Making indirect requests requests Could you tell . . . (that) . . . ? Could you please . . . ? Would you ask . . . to . . . ? I’d like to, but . . . ./I’d be glad to. Can you tell . . . (not) to . . . ? Is it OK if I . . . ? Can/Could you ask . . . Of course. if/whether . . . ? Do you mind if I . . . ? Please ask . . . if/whether . . . . Go right ahead!/I’m sorry, but . . . Can/Could you ask . . . what/when . . . ? Would it be OK if I . . . ? Apologizing Fine. No problem. Oh, I’m sorry. T-178 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  4. 4. Unit 4 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns locker Verbs Events mailbox Modal coincidence pain be able to disaster police Other emergency (hair care) product arrest lucky break protester break into misfortune (coral) reef come back mystery robbery get (caught/locked out/stuck) predicament secretary interrupt triumph shipwreck involve Other sky kick achievement solution light up (classified) ads stuff (un)lock ambulance (hair) stylist order (job) applicant suffering perform carjacker surprise reach coast thief reunite destruction twin rob diver Pronoun run out (of) (revolving) door each other score doorstep driver Adjectives Adverbs apart accidentally editorial connected hardly elevator envelope half Prepositions eye identical off (good) fortune obvious by chance freeway puzzling gold quick Conjunction illusion strange even though incident sudden (driver’s) license unexplained Expressions Reacting to a story Exclaiming What happened? What a (pain/. . . )! Is that true? Agreeing Don’t tell me! Exactly. Expressing concern Oh no! Sympathizing I’m sorry. That’s terrible! © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-179
  5. 5. Unit 5 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns homesick Adverbs challenge insecure along cooking nervous appropriately climate uncertain ever culture shock worried (the) most host Verbs Prepositions language temple Modal by (bus/train) would/could for (a while/example) tip Other in (public) Adjectives communicate Feelings eat out anxious feel (un)comfortable get used to confident get sick curious have (a baby) embarrassed keep (in mind) enthusiastic plan fascinated take (photographs) Expressions Expressing emotions Giving advice/Emphasizing a point I don’t think I could ever . . . . One of the most important things to I don’t think I’d mind . . . . remember is . . . . One thing I’d be (anxious/ . . . ) about . . . . Another thing to keep in mind is . . . . One thing people don’t often realize is . . . . Asking for permission Is it all right to . . . ? Telling someone something surprising Guess what! Describing expectations You’re supposed to . . . . Expressing an opinion/a feeling You aren’t supposed to . . . . Oh, how (nice/awful/ . . . )! You’re expected to . . . . It’s the custom to . . . . It’s not acceptable to . . . . T-180 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  6. 6. Unit 6 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns shirt Verbs Electronics stain adjust answering machine store credit break (down) calculator tablecloth charge hair dryer tabletop crash oven tear deliver refrigerator temperature flicker remote control vase go dead (flat-screen) TV jam Pronoun telephone leak everything washing machine overheat Other Adjectives purchase control Past participles repair crack chipped replace damage cracked shrink discount damaged skip dry cleaner dented work (= function) landlord (well) made Adverbs lamp shade scratched by hand lens stained even (when) (jacket) lining torn over mug worn right away/now pair (of) Other pitcher dirty Conjunction receipt solar-powered through refund undercooked scratch Expressions Offering help Expressing a preference Can I help you?/What can I do for you? I’d rather . . . . I’d like . . . . Speaking frankly about a difficult topic Describing problems Well, to be honest, . . . . Is there something the matter with it?/ Adding information What’s wrong with it? In fact, . . . ./ . . . , in fact. It’s torn/stained/damaged/scratched/ cracked/chipped/worn. What exactly is the problem? It has a tear/a hole/a stain/some damage. There are a lot of scratches. There’s a crack. It’s leaking./It has a leak. © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-181
  7. 7. Unit 7 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Other major World problems CFC rare acid rain chemical underground drug trafficking contribution unemployed famine dependence urban global warming executive wasteful government corruption factory fumes Verbs HIV/AIDS conserve (the) homeless growth contaminate inflation hair spray create overcrowding health deplete overbuilding landfill develop overpopulation law displace political unrest livestock dispose (of) pollution management eat up poverty paper educate unemployment publicity harm The earth recycling pollute air reduction pump coal run (a story) reduce farm(land) shelter think about fish (TV) station threaten (rain) forest supply work on ocean (heavy) traffic oil training Adverb ozone layer outside Adjectives plant free Prepositions river illegal against (the law) soil industrial as a result of wildlife innovative because of jammed due to on (the street) Expressions Describing problems Identifying something The . . . are being . . . by . . . . What’s the name of . . . ? (The) . . . is being . . . because of/due to . . . . It’s called . . . . The . . . have been . . . through . . . . Getting someone’s attention (The) . . . has been . . . as a result of . . . . Excuse me. Offering solutions Expressing approval/disapproval One thing to do about it is to . . . . I think what you’re doing is . . . . Another way to stop them is to . . . . The best way to help is to . . . . Expressing a regret I wish I could . . . . Talking about what will happen What if . . . ? Well, then . . . . T-182 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  8. 8. Unit 8 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Personal qualities Verbs College majors artistic appreciation attend broadcasting communication skills join criminology competitiveness learn (about) economics concern for others register (for) environmental science cooperation sign up (for) exercise science courtesy stick (on) fashion creativity take (a class/a course [on]) film studies perseverance volunteer hospitality self-confidence tolerance Adverb interior design correctly nutritional science Other Language learning curriculum Preposition accent martial art on (= about) grammar pen pal idiom sitcom learner’s dictionary software (program) pronunciation Adjectives translation native vocabulary private right (= correct) useful Expressions Asking about preferences Talking about learning methods Would you rather . . . or . . . ? You could . . . by . . . . I’d rather (not) . . . . That’s a good idea. Would you prefer to . . . or . . . ? I . . . by . . . . (I think) I’d prefer . . . to . . . . Maybe I should try that! I’d prefer (to) . . . . A good way to . . . is by . . . . Do you want to . . . ? Admitting something I’d rather not./I’d prefer not to. To tell you the truth, . . . . Asking for personal information How’s (your French class/ . . . ) going? Not bad. © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-183
  9. 9. Unit 9 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Adjectives Adverbs Services fatty actively beauty services overweight professionally (house) cleaning Verbs Preposition computer support Phrasal over (the Internet) dry cleaning break up with essay typing come up with language tutoring cut down on laundry get along with music lessons look forward to (house) painting keep up with pet sitting put up with repairs take care of (financial/handyman) services Other Other argue clothing control commuter examine dating service get (in shape) fingernail guarantee (shopping) mall overcome photo quit portrait relax reunion upgrade shyness temper vending machine Expressions Talking about things you need to have done Replying to advice Do you know where I can have someone . . . . ? That’s not a bad idea. You can have . . . ./You can get . . . to . . . . Actually, I’ve tried that. Do you know where I can have . . . ? Urging someone to do something You can have/get . . . . Come on. Asking for and giving advice Expressing frustration What can I do? This is so depressing! What about . . . ? Have you thought about . . . ? Why don’t you . . . ? Maybe you could . . . . One thing you could do is (to) . . . . It might be a good idea to . . . . T-184 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  10. 10. Unit 10 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns fad Verbs Historic events feather come out (with) achievement hula hoop eliminate assassination human function disaster ice cap gather discovery impact hijack epidemic public figure hit the scene invention rock ’n’ roll introduce terrorism/terrorist act sensation prevent Space travel/exploration summit release atmosphere thought set up launch vaccine sweep the nation mission voice command translate moon Pronouns Adverbs rover everyone not ever spacecraft none so far surface Other Adjectives Prepositions album cellular for (44 years) baldness coastal in (existence/1989) century peaceful within (20 years) craze polar disco respected existence Expressions Talking about historical events Making a prediction When did . . . begin? Computers are going to take over our lives During the . . . s./In the . . . s./About . . . one of these days. years ago. Soon everyone will be using . . . . How long was the . . . ? Within . . . years, they will have found a From . . . to . . . ./For . . . years. way for us to . . . . How long has the . . . been in existence? By then, maybe even . . . will have Since . . . ./For about the last . . . years. disappeared. For over . . . years. I bet . . . . Talking about the future Expressing an opinion They’re coming out with . . . . Isn’t it (great/ . . . )! It will be able to . . . ./You won’t need to . . . . Expressing and agreeing with an opinion Saying you do something well I don’t believe . . . . I’m good at . . . . I don’t either. Offering to solve a problem Let me give it a try. © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-185
  11. 11. Unit 11 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Adjectives Verbs bank account Behavior and personality appreciate bar/bat mitzvah ambitious find out confirmation argumentative go back high school carefree make (friends) importance conscientious retire paycheck (im)mature save (money) promotion naive tend (to) relationship pragmatic rite of passage Adverb rebellious Not . . . anymore Sweet 15/16 (ir)responsible turning point selfish Preposition sensible at (this job) Pronoun sophisticated myself tolerant Other broke practical Expressions Describing yourself in the past Describing hypothetical situations By the time I was in high school, . . . . If I had . . . , I would have . . . . The moment I got my first job, . . . . If I had . . . , I wouldn’t be . . . . Before I had my first job, . . . . Asking for clarification Once you have a job, . . . . What do you mean? After I finished high school, . . . . As soon as I graduated, . . . . Asking about someone Until you graduate, . . . . What does . . . do? He’s/She’s a(n) . . . . Describing regrets about the past I should have . . . ./I shouldn’t have . . . . T-186 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  12. 12. Unit 12 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Adjectives crowded Businesses Qualities for success diverse athletic center affordable funny (= strange) (clothing) boutique charming “in” coffee bar clever packed concert hall entertaining profitable dance club fabulous sufficient health club fashionable trendy megastore industrious Verbs supermarket informative attract Other knowledgeable be seen acoustics muscular operate advertising persuasive succeed reason slender slogan tough Adverbs sort (of) well written anyway trainer Other plenty wait brand new worldwide catchy Expressions Describing the purpose of something Hypothesizing In order to . . . , you need to . . . . I think it might . . . . (In order) for a/an . . . to . . . , it has to . . . . This could be . . . . To . . . , it’s a good idea to . . . . Enumerating considerations Describing features There are three things to consider: First A nice thing about . . . is the . . . . of all, . . . . Another nice thing is that . . . . Next, . . . . Finally, . . . . Giving reasons Accepting an invitation I like . . . because . . . . I thought you’d never ask! It’s so popular because of the . . . . The reason people . . . is to . . . . Due to . . . . © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-187
  13. 13. Unit 13 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns Adjectives Adverbs Reactions inconsiderate carefully assumption guilty slowly criticism messy short (of money) Conjunction demand however excuse Verbs prediction accuse suggestion advise suspicion burst (out laughing) warning catch (a bus) Other check (e-mail/one’s messages) acquaintance dent explanation fire field get peeved locksmith have (on one’s mind) mood impress pet peeve miss out (on) tow truck sleepwalk voice mail turn up Pronoun yawn one Expressions Expressing curiosity Saying you can’t be exact I wonder what happened. . . . or something. Asking for and telling time Expressing approval of someone’s action What time is it now? . . . did the right thing. It’s . . . . Offering to do something Why don’t I . . . ? T-188 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  14. 14. Unit 14 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns foreign correspondent Other Movies location scout advanced actor movie producer final angle network installer ready costume screenwriter script doctor Verbs detail stunt person complete director depend drive-in (theater) Other distribute editor computer graphics divide film (rock) concert expand location fashion show gross (= earn) outline industry pick review scandal prepare scene stage rehearse screen stagehand shoot (a [movie] scene) screenplay thousands (of) stand in (for) script (TV) sitcom (= situational comedy) stick out set Adjectives write out shot Kinds of films studio Adverbs computer animated Media professions separately full-length camera operator soon after IMAX casting director computer programmer narrative Prepositions silent in (order/sequence) (graphic/prop/special-effects/ three-dimensional (3-D) on (stage) Web-page) designer dialect coach (editorial page/film/photo) editor Expressions Explaining or identifying someone Saying you haven’t decided yet . . . is the person who/that . . . . It depends. Asking for an explanation Talking about an opportunity Why is that? I get to . . . . © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-189
  15. 15. Unit 15 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns handgun Verbs Social issues helmet flush child/day care horn go off downsizing (health) insurance honk ethnic conflict offense hunt graffiti Seeing Eye dog make ends meet gun violence (sales) tax pass health care telemarketing permit illiteracy pretend Adjectives stray animals high-rise Adverb street crime off (= free) next door Other periodic (coffee) break run-down car alarm Expressions Making a recommendation Acknowledging an opinion and offering a People ought to/should be required to . . . . different one People shouldn’t be allowed to . . . . That sounds interesting, but I think . . . . Something has to be done to . . . . That’s not a bad idea. On the other hand, A rule has to be made to . . . . I feel that . . . . Laws must be passed to . . . . You may have a point. Nevertheless, I People mustn’t be permitted to . . . . think . . . . Giving an opinion Asking for and giving reasons I feel that . . . . Do you? Why?/Don’t you? Why not? I don’t think that . . . . Well, because . . . . And another thing . . . . In my opinion, . . . . Why do you say that? Saying you already know something Because I think that . . . . Tell me about it. Talking about the past . . . used to . . . when I . . . . T-190 Photocopiable © Cambridge University Press
  16. 16. Unit 16 Language summary Vocabulary Nouns cynical Verbs addiction dependent accomplish (goodwill) ambassador frustrating deal with emergency room (un)imaginative manage (to) grade (visually) impaired land mine insensitive Adverb life-or-death ahead nursing home orphanage resourceful Preposition senior citizen rigid on (a regular basis) (animal/homeless) shelter self-sufficient on (one’s own) weakness timid upbeat Adjectives youthful adaptable compassionate courageous Expressions Describing challenges, frustrations, and Talking about future accomplishments rewards What do you hope you’ll have achieved? The most challenging/frustrating/rewarding I hope I’ll have . . . . thing about . . . is . . . . I’d like to have . . . . Describing past accomplishments Expressing birthday wishes I’ve managed to/I managed to . . . . Happy birthday. I’ve been able to/I was able to . . . . © Cambridge University Press Photocopiable T-191

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