Adv p by muneerah al subaiei


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LANE 334: Syntax ,
Second Semester 2010 ,
Instructor: Dr. Shadia Yousef Banjar .

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  • Adv p by muneerah al subaiei

    1. 1. Adverbs & Adverb Phrases <ul><li>Instructor: Shadia Banjar </li></ul><ul><li>Presented by: Muneerah Shuraim AL-Subaiei </li></ul><ul><li>ID: 0879065 </li></ul><ul><li>Syntax ,LANE 334 </li></ul><ul><li>May 2010 </li></ul>15 m.
    2. 2. An Adverb (Adv for short) <ul><li>Add information in relation to circumstances of manner, time or place. </li></ul><ul><li>They answer the questions . ‘How?’, ‘ When?’, ‘Where’ </li></ul><ul><li>For example: </li></ul><ul><li>Ken snores loudly. </li></ul><ul><li>In this example the adverb is said to MODIFY the verb, and it is called circumstance adverb. </li></ul>01 of 10
    3. 3. ADVERB PHRASE or AdvP <ul><ul><li>Can be formed by one or more constituents. For example, in: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ken snores loudly . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ken snores very loudly . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loudly is the circumstance adverb (Adv) and very is a DEGREE ADVERB (deg). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other degree adverbs include words like quite , too , highly extremely ,more ,less. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Degree adverb is to modify or limit the sense of an adverb. </li></ul></ul>02 of 10
    4. 4. An adverb phrase <ul><li>Consist of an adverb preceded optionally by a degree adverb. </li></ul><ul><li>AdvP (deg) + Adv </li></ul><ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>NP VP </li></ul><ul><li>N V AdvP </li></ul><ul><li>Deg Adv </li></ul><ul><li>Ken snores very loudly </li></ul><ul><li>S P A </li></ul>03 of 10
    5. 5. <ul><li>The verb phrase (predicate) in this example consist of V+ AdvP </li></ul><ul><li>Ken snores vey loudly </li></ul><ul><li>Janet does too </li></ul>04 of 10
    6. 6. SENTENCE ADVERBS <ul><li>modify sentences </li></ul><ul><li>Can appear in a range of sentence positions </li></ul><ul><li>Express an attitude or evolution </li></ul><ul><li>They include words like frankly, certainly, Actually , perhaps, unfortunately. </li></ul>05 of 10
    7. 7. Rules to remember:Adverb Phrase(AdvP) <ul><li>AdvP (deg) + Adv </li></ul><ul><li>Function: Adverbial </li></ul><ul><li>e.g. Ken snores ( very ) loudly . </li></ul>06 of 10
    8. 8. For example : <ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>AdvP NP VP </li></ul><ul><li>Adv DET N V NP </li></ul><ul><li>DET N </li></ul><ul><li>Unfortunately the cat killed the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>A S P do </li></ul>07 of 10
    9. 9. <ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>NP AdvP VP </li></ul><ul><li>DET N Adv V NP </li></ul><ul><li>DET N </li></ul><ul><li>The cat unfortunately killed the mouse </li></ul><ul><li>S A P do </li></ul>08 of 10
    10. 10. <ul><li>S </li></ul><ul><li>NP VP AdvP </li></ul><ul><li>DET N V NP Adv </li></ul><ul><li>DET N </li></ul><ul><li>The cat killed the mouse unfortunately </li></ul><ul><li>S P do A </li></ul>09 of 10
    11. 11. <ul><li>Unfortunately Ken snores </li></ul><ul><li>Ken Unfortunately snores </li></ul><ul><li>Ken snores Unfortunately </li></ul><ul><li>Where it fits unproblematically into a wide range of positions than loudly: </li></ul><ul><li>Loudly Ken snores </li></ul><ul><li>Ken loudly snores </li></ul><ul><li>Ken snores loudly </li></ul>10 of 10
    12. 12. Thank you