THE PAST SIMPLE<br />
We use the past simple:<br />To talk about things that started and finished in the past:<br />Situations that were <br />	...
THE PAST SIMPLE:<br />Irregular verbs: <br />      look at the list:<br />Write- wrote<br />See- saw<br />Regular verbs: +...
Affirmative sentences:<br />My uncle bought this house in 1999.<br />Last summer, they visited London.<br />(C+)  Subject ...
Negative sentences<br />I didn’t visit my friend last week.<br />Two days ago, she didn’t go to the doctor.<br />(C+) Subj...
Interrogative sentences:<br />Did you eat meat last night?<br />Where did they play football?<br />(WH)+ DID + Subject + V...
Short answers:<br />Yes, they did.<br />No, she didn’t.<br />Yes, I did.<br />No, he didn’t.<br />YES,  Subject pronoun + ...
REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (1)<br />Most of the verbs add ed: look-looked<br />BUT…<br />We only add d:<br />Verbs ending wit...
REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (2)<br />We double the last consonant+ ed:<br />Monosyllabic verbs ending 1 vowel + 1 consonant  :...
Verb to be (1) (ser/estar)<br />AFFIRMATIVE<br />I was  (jo era/estava)<br />You were<br />He/she/it was<br />We were<br /...
Verb to be (2) (Ser/estar)<br />QUESTIONS<br />Was I? (Era/estava jo?)<br />Were you?<br />Was he/she/it?<br />Were we?<br...
There was/ were (Hi havia)<br />SINGULAR:<br />There was a pencil on the table.<br />There wasn’t a pencil on the table.<b...
PRONUNCIATION: -ed<br />WHEN THE REGULAR VERB FINISHES:<br />
Time expressions<br />Yesterday (ahir)<br />Yesterday morning/afternoon/evening<br />Two days ago (fa dos dies)<br />Two h...
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The past simple

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The past simple

  1. 1. THE PAST SIMPLE<br />
  2. 2. We use the past simple:<br />To talk about things that started and finished in the past:<br />Situations that were <br /> true in the past.<br />Past habits.<br />
  3. 3. THE PAST SIMPLE:<br />Irregular verbs: <br /> look at the list:<br />Write- wrote<br />See- saw<br />Regular verbs: +ed<br />Visit-visited<br />Learn- learned<br />Verb to be<br />There was/there were<br />YOU MUST<br />LEARN THEM!<br />
  4. 4. Affirmative sentences:<br />My uncle bought this house in 1999.<br />Last summer, they visited London.<br />(C+) Subject + V (past) +C.<br />
  5. 5. Negative sentences<br />I didn’t visit my friend last week.<br />Two days ago, she didn’t go to the doctor.<br />(C+) Subject + DIDN’T + V (INFINITIVE) + C.<br />
  6. 6. Interrogative sentences:<br />Did you eat meat last night?<br />Where did they play football?<br />(WH)+ DID + Subject + V (INFINITIVE) + C?<br />
  7. 7. Short answers:<br />Yes, they did.<br />No, she didn’t.<br />Yes, I did.<br />No, he didn’t.<br />YES, Subject pronoun + DID.<br />NO + Subject pronoun + DIDN’T.<br />
  8. 8. REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (1)<br />Most of the verbs add ed: look-looked<br />BUT…<br />We only add d:<br />Verbs ending with a silent e only + d: Live-lived <br />We change the y to i +ed.<br />Verbs endding in consonsnt + y: <br /> carry- carried study- studied<br />(but… stay-stayed)<br />
  9. 9. REGULAR VERBS: SPELLING (2)<br />We double the last consonant+ ed:<br />Monosyllabic verbs ending 1 vowel + 1 consonant : stop- stopped rob- robbed<br />Two-syllable verbs with the stress on the last syllable: prefer- preferred permit- permitted<br />Verbs ending in l: travel- travelled<br />
  10. 10. Verb to be (1) (ser/estar)<br />AFFIRMATIVE<br />I was (jo era/estava)<br />You were<br />He/she/it was<br />We were<br />You were<br />They were<br />NEGATIVE<br />I wasn’t(Jo no era/no estava)<br />You weren’t<br />He/she/it wasn’t<br />We weren’t <br />You weren’t<br />They weren’t<br />
  11. 11. Verb to be (2) (Ser/estar)<br />QUESTIONS<br />Was I? (Era/estava jo?)<br />Were you?<br />Was he/she/it?<br />Were we?<br />Were you?<br />Were they?<br />SHORT ANSWERS<br />Yes, I/he/she/it was.<br />No, I/he/she/it wasn’t.<br />
  12. 12. There was/ were (Hi havia)<br />SINGULAR:<br />There was a pencil on the table.<br />There wasn’t a pencil on the table.<br />Was there a pencil on the table?<br />Yes, there was. No, there wasn’t.<br />PLURAL:<br />There were three children in the room.<br />There weren’t three children in the room.<br />Were there three children in the room?<br />Yes, there were. No there weren’t.<br />
  13. 13. PRONUNCIATION: -ed<br />WHEN THE REGULAR VERB FINISHES:<br />
  14. 14. Time expressions<br />Yesterday (ahir)<br />Yesterday morning/afternoon/evening<br />Two days ago (fa dos dies)<br />Two hours/weeks/months/years ago<br />Last month (l’any passat)<br />Last week/year/Friday/night<br />In 2007<br />In January<br />

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