Ppp in waste management


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Ppp in waste management

  1. 1. Public Private Partnership In Waste Management- Experience & Key Issues Ravi Kant Ramky ravikant@ramky.com Cell: 99890 22033 1
  2. 2. Environment Protection - International Realization The United Nations, on 5th June 1972, organized an international conference on Human Environment at Stockholm, Sweden. This was first comprehensive international attempt to articulate the sustainable development – Environment protection in view of growing world population and economic growth. The conference recognized the need for specific international and national actions to ensure that economic growth takes place with due regard to environmental protection and natural resources conservation. The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) was created in this conference and the opening day of the conference, June 5 was declared as the World Environment Day. 2
  3. 3. India – from ‘Developing’ to ‘Developed’ nationIndia is midst of tremendous infrastructure & industrial growthGreater growth means greater waste generation.This growth is straining the environment (Air, Water, Soil) likenever beforeWe need proactive approach to create ‘Waste ManagementInfrastructure’ for scientific management of wasteWaste management infrastructure is a ‘must utility’ in MasterPlans of all developed cities across the world.India has to do lot of catching up to be truly called moderncountry 3
  4. 4. India – from ‘Developing’ to ‘Developed’ nationLet us be conscious of the fact that scientific waste management is no longer‘moral’ or ‘corporate social responsibility’ – it is legal obligation in India.This legal obligation covers all waste generating establishments – both public& private in the countryThis legal obligation has motivated the private sector to see businessopportunity in waste management sector.This has caused and accelerated ‘Public Private Partnership’ in waste Partnershipmanagement sector in India.PPP, if handled professionally, can provide effective solutions for wastemanagement & sustainable growthThe central and state governments need to give a big push to enable scientificmanagement of ‘waste’ as per statutory requirements.We already have success stories in the country – however issues of riskallocation need to be addressed. 4
  5. 5. Solid WasteIndustrial WasteBio-medical WasteMunicipal Solid Waste 5
  6. 6. Environmental Legislation in IndiaThe Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981The Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 Hazardous Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 Bio-medical Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998 Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 NoteOnly Union Parliament is competent to make laws on Environment. GOI Ministry: Ministry of Environment & Forests 6
  7. 7. Environment Protection Act, 1986 (Section 15) the fear of law….Whoever fails to comply with or contravenes any of the provisions ofthis Act, or the rules made or orders or directions issued there under,shall, in respect of each such failure or contravention, be punishablewith imprisonment for a term which may extend to five years with finewhich may extend to one lakh rupees, or with both.And in case the failure or contravention continues, with additional fine,which may extend to five thousand rupees for every day during whichsuch failure or contravention continues after the conviction for the firstsuch failure or contravention. 7
  8. 8. Waste Management Reduce Reuse Recycle Dispose Bury (Engineered Sanitary Landfill) Burn (Incinerator)Waste management (Collection, Transportation, Treatment & Disposal) has to be done without causing any damage to Environment (Air, Water & Soil) Polluter Pays Principle Waste is typically managed in common facilities established as commercial entities, which charge fees from waste generators 8
  9. 9. 9
  10. 10. Making of A Landfill - the final disposal 10
  11. 11. Making of A LandfillLandfill – Closed & Capped 11
  12. 12. Incineration (Burning of Waste under controlled conditions)November 9, 2012 12
  13. 13. MSW Management - PPPPPP provides a mechanism wherein the private Operator brings in Capital,Technology & Manpower to establish and operate the waste managementinfrastructure.The Private Operator is engaged for typical period of 5 – 25 years on BOOT(Build, Own, Operate, and Transfer) basis through transparent biddingprocess.With proper monitoring, PPP ensures Innovation, Efficiency and improvedlevel of Services together with compliance to Environment, Health & Safety(EHS).Since government is a stakeholder in the project, the project planning,permissions, execution are facilitated.Government plays the role of regulator ensuring performance standards byOperator through Penalties, Performance Guarantees, Escrow Accounts etc 13
  14. 14. Success of PPP in Waste Management Sector – Key IngredientsPolitical will at the highest levelClarity on purpose and objectives of privatizationLeadership & committed administrationIndependent ‘Regulator’ & enforcement by ‘Pollution ControlBoards’. This will bring in Trust.Public acceptance of ‘User Charges’ and better servicesProfessional attitude of ULBs in working with private ‘Operator’ Selection of private operator through professionals. Treat private operator as a partner (Bedrock of PPP) Adequate Tipping Fees & timely payments Respect Concession Agreement 14
  15. 15. Cheers ! &Thanks for your attention 15