13 10 2006 Prato


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Presentation on tools for arts and humanities e-science given at the MTC conference, Prato, Tuscany, in October 2006

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13 10 2006 Prato

  1. 1. Memories, Communities, Technology Research agendas for digital tools Stuart Dunn Prato, 5th October 2006
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>User needs for the arts and humanities (University of Bristol) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Log Analysis of Internet Resources for the Arts and Humanities (LAIRAH) - UCL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research Workshops in A&H e-Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(see http://www.ahrc.ac.uk/e-science) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on Portals in the Arts and Humanities (RePAH) - Sheffield University </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHDS e-Science Scoping Survey </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(see http://ahds.ac.uk/e-science) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Summit on Digital Tools for the Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>University of Virginia, Charlottesville, 28-30 September 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>AHRC ICT Methods Network Workgroup on digital tools development for the Arts and Humanities </li></ul><ul><li>CCH, King’s College London, 15 June 2006 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Charlottesville Summit <ul><li>Interpretation </li></ul><ul><li>Exploration of resources </li></ul><ul><li>Collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>Visualization of time, space and uncertainty </li></ul>
  5. 5. Charlottesville Summit Interpretation <ul><li>Tool for annotation or highlighting; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>multimedia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clustering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>multiple layers of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>searchable annotations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>selectable levels of detail </li></ul></ul><ul><li>National Centre for e-Social Science </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive Access Grids? </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation/annotation of ‘democratized’ online open source critical editions? </li></ul>
  6. 6. Charlottesville Summit Exploration of resources <ul><li>Google! </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Google Aide for Scholars’ to promote accessibility </li></ul><ul><li>Structured and savable (i.e. reusable) searches across different file-formats </li></ul><ul><li>Server-side aggregation of searches and annotations </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Achieving [accessibility of resources] is more of a social and political problem than a technical challenge’ </li></ul>
  7. 7. Charlottesville Summit Collaboration <ul><li>Two categories of collaborative tools: </li></ul><ul><li>- Generic </li></ul><ul><li>- ‘tailored to humanists and scholarly collaboration </li></ul><ul><li>‘ Clearinghouse to inform and educate digital scholars about useful tools </li></ul><ul><li>AHDS ICT guides: http://ahds.ac.uk/ictguides </li></ul>
  8. 8. Charlottesville Summit Visualization of time, space and uncertainty <ul><li>‘ Archaeology of fragments’ </li></ul><ul><li>‘ re-experience what it was like to see and move about in the world at an earlier stage of human history ; and run experiments on how well buildings and urban infrastructure functioned in terms of illumination, ventilation, circulation, statistics etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated suite of tools (‘software machine’) </li></ul><ul><li>Quantitative vs. Qualitative (e.g. Winterbottom, S. J. and Long, D. 2006: From abstract digital models to rich virtual environments: landscape contexts in Kilmartin Glen, Scotland. Journal of Archaeological Science 33, 1356-1367) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methods Network workshop Strategic issues: - focus on methodology - sustainability - interoperability - focus on end users - collaboration - commercial relationships <ul><li>Wishlist: </li></ul><ul><li>- tools to annotate/assist with tagging </li></ul><ul><li>knowledge mining and organization tools </li></ul><ul><li>visualization tools </li></ul><ul><li>temporal and spatial exploration and representation </li></ul><ul><li>mining non-textual resources </li></ul><ul><li>grid tools </li></ul><ul><li>capturing processes and workflows </li></ul>
  10. 10. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Tools to automate/assist with tagging and annotation </li></ul>- framework for general annotation of research data - a machine learning environment that does automatic tagging, conforming with existing structures (e.g. TEI)
  11. 11. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Knowledge mining and organizing tools </li></ul>- ‘Knowledge crawler for the web’ - Social network analysis - networks of people and ideas - Joining up and integrating distributed and small scale collections
  12. 12. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Vizualization tools </li></ul><ul><li>- Text visualization </li></ul><ul><li>- Augmented reality </li></ul>
  13. 13. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Temporal and spatial exploration and representation </li></ul><ul><li>- Geodata browser to track historical evolution of place names - e.g. National Geospatial Intelligence Agency </li></ul><ul><li>- Tool to link visual to textual resources </li></ul>
  14. 14. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Mining non-textual resources </li></ul>- Tools which link visual/graphic media (video) to text - paleographic analysis/forensic analysis. E.g. Froissart Project (Sheffield)
  15. 15. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Grid tools </li></ul><ul><li>- improving Access Grid for arts and humanities users </li></ul><ul><li>- desktop AG </li></ul><ul><li>- integration into research </li></ul>
  16. 16. Methods Network workshop Wishlist <ul><li>Tools for documenting the research process </li></ul><ul><li>- workflows </li></ul><ul><li>- research cycle </li></ul>
  17. 17. Interpretation - highlighting and tagging - multiple layers of data - clustering and organizing Exploration of resources - intelligent exploration of heterogeneous data Collaboration - non-technical challenges - connectivity Visualization - ‘transcognition’ - conversion of first hand experience of material culture to a digital environment Tools to automate/assist with tagging and annotation Knowledge mining and organization Visualization tools Temporal and spatial exploration and representation Mining non-technical resources Grid tools Capturing processes
  18. 18. <ul><li>Silchester Roman Town: a VRE for archaeology (see http://www.silchester.rdg.ac.uk/vre ) </li></ul><ul><li>Collaborative Harvesting of Information from Museums, E-Records and Archives (CHIMERA) </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Predictive Modelling </li></ul><ul><li>Reconstruction of the ‘real’ versus the ‘imagined’ (paradata) </li></ul><ul><li>Abstracting (representing?) the original morphology of visual material </li></ul><ul><li>Relationships between different object types (multimedia) and clusters </li></ul><ul><li>Multilingual research </li></ul><ul><li>Graphical interfaces / workspaces </li></ul><ul><li>How can digital tools enable public access/community ownership? </li></ul><ul><li>Spatial and temporal georeferencing ‘ Linda Hill, Georeferencing: The Geographic Associations of Information (2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Agreement on versioning of digital resources </li></ul><ul><li>Trust and usability </li></ul><ul><li>Defining and relating networks (technological and social) </li></ul><ul><li>Workflow virtualization </li></ul>