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Great lent


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Great lent

  1. 1. Great Lent A Journey to the Empty Tomb
  2. 2. I – Introduction <ul><li>MOSC </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUS – Young Adult Ministry </li></ul><ul><li>Director – N.E American Diocese </li></ul><ul><li>Webinar </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Sections: </li></ul><ul><li>1. history of great lent 2. structure of great lent 3. purpose of great lent 4. talking to children about lent 5. spiritual renewal through great lent </li></ul>
  4. 4. History of Great Lent <ul><li>Multiple Origins for 50 days before Easter </li></ul><ul><li>Holy Week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2 day fast on Friday and Saturday before Easter – 3 rd century sources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolved into a six day fast in Alexandria and syria </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. History of Great Lent <ul><li>40 day Lent prior to Holy Week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Period of Catechism for catechumens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Penitential Period for repentant apostates – Peter of Alexandria’s canonical epistle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of Nicea (325) determination of calculation of Easter & 5 th canon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Watershed” – almost universal. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Baptism on Easter / Holy week & </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This two periods have in between the two feast days of Lazarus & Palm Sunday </li></ul>
  6. 6. Structure of Great Lent <ul><li>One of the 5 lents </li></ul><ul><li>1. Pethratha – Sunday Evening (Mardi Gras – Fat Tues) </li></ul><ul><li>2. Shubkhono - Monday After Noon Prayer – Prayer for forgiveness of sins Kiss of peace & Sermon on Love. </li></ul><ul><li>3. Saturdays – H. Qurbana – no Fasting (Lenten) </li></ul><ul><li>4. Sundays – H. Qurbana – miracles of Christ </li></ul><ul><li>5. MidLent – The establishment of Mnortho/Gogoltha at center of Church; Num 21; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Structure of Great Lent <ul><li>6. 36 th Sunday – Catholicate Day; Healing of the Blind Man. </li></ul><ul><li>7. 40 th Friday - Holy Qurbana – Prayers Change </li></ul><ul><li>8. Lazarus Saturday – raising of Lazarus – Christ’s entry into Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Palm Sunday </li></ul><ul><li>10. Holy Week </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vade Dal Meno (Parable of 10 Virgins) –Monday evening </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Thursday – Pesaha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feet washing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good Friday- </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Holy Saturday – Shubkhono </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kymtha – Empty tomb </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Structure of Great Lent <ul><li>What can’t I eat? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Meat, Fish, Egg & Dairy for all 50 days. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fast until noon or 3pm. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No fasting on Saturdays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advice – not overdoing it. </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Purpose <ul><li>Our Lord’s advice </li></ul><ul><li>Fasting in NT </li></ul><ul><li>Asceticism - prostrations </li></ul><ul><li>Reading of Scripture – Egeria – each day portions from various parts of scripture </li></ul><ul><li>Repentance – shub & metanoia (Rom 12:2) </li></ul><ul><li>Confession </li></ul>
  10. 10. Our Lord’s Advice <ul><li>Sermon on Mount – St. Matthew 6 – “when you fast” </li></ul><ul><li>Response to disciples of St. John the baptist – St. Matthew 9:14-17 </li></ul><ul><li>Matthew 17:21 – “Except through prayer and fasting” </li></ul><ul><li>Our Lord fasted for 40 days. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Fasting in New Testament <ul><li>Acts 13:1-3 – fasting before commissioning of missionaries </li></ul><ul><li>Acts 14:23 – appointing of elders with fasting. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Talking to your children about Lent <ul><li>Taking children along for church services </li></ul><ul><li>Confession – going for confession </li></ul><ul><li>Food – encourage them to give up something and to take up something; </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spiritual Renewal <ul><li>Fasting </li></ul><ul><li>Prayer – Prayers of Great Lent </li></ul><ul><li>Spiritual Reading – </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scripture - </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great Lent & Lenten Spring </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Immersion in the life of the Church </li></ul><ul><li>Confession of sins </li></ul><ul><li>Acts of Charity </li></ul><ul><li>Feasting on Easter </li></ul>