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Book 1 Part01

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Book 1 Part01

  1. 1. In the Fullness of Time (Book 1)
  2. 2. Purpose • Not Commentary • Simple introduction, with particular reference to author, context, purpose and special outlook. • To help us to go deeper into the context of each book & get nourishment in spiritual life. • (Ex. Reading from St. Luke’s gospel in Church…)
  3. 3. UNIT I - Introduction to the New Testament
  4. 4. Classification of NT Books GOSPELS ACTS Pauline Catholic Revelation Epistles Epistles Type Gospels History Epistle Epistle Apocalyptic Num 4 1 13+1 7 1
  5. 5. Lesson 1 – Relationship between the New Testament and Old Testament • “The New Testament is hidden in the Old Testament. In the New Testament, the Old Testament becomes illuminated.” – Augustine • Testament = covenant, contract • Old Testament = Yahweh made covenant with Israel (Ex. 19, 24) • Both deal with same God • Both deal with Chosen Nation (Church = New Israel) • OT fulfilled in NT (ex. St. Matthew) • Both one salvation history
  6. 6. Lesson 3 – Jewish Historical Background of The NT • Fullness of Time (Gal 4:4) – importance of History • Foreign Domination – Syrians – Antiochus Epiphanes (175-157 BC) • Maccabean Revolt (St. Shmuni) – Romans – 65 BC • Regional administrators – Herod I (at time of Christ’s birth) – Region divided among 3 sons – Herod Antipas (“that fox” – St. Lk 13:32) in St. Lk Christ brought before Herod (St. Lk 23:6-12) – Judea under Archelaus (St. Matt. Joseph & Mary when returning from Egypt)who was banished to France and replaced by Roman Procurator
  7. 7. Lesson 4 – Religious background of the people of Israel • Hope for Messiah (anointed one) multiple expectations – Political liberator – David, Elijah, Moses, on Clouds, – Confession of St. Peter (St. Matt 16:16) • Belief in Resurrection • Temple & Synagogue – Jesus begins his public ministry in Synagogue of Galilee (St. Lk 4)
  8. 8. Lesson 5 – Geography of Israel
  9. 9. Lesson 6 – Formation of NT • Bible – books written by the Church for the Church • First books to be written – St. Paul’s letters • Gospels were not initially written – Preference for preached word (Kerygma) – Acts 2:42; handed down (St. Lk 1:2) – Hope in the second coming (parousia) • Gospels written b/c – Eyewitnesses dwindling – Church spreads to many regions • NT Canon – Measuring rod – “In the worshipping community the Gospels and the letters of Paul were read and gradually the church considered them also as valuable as the OT books.” – See the 3 norms – St. Athanasius of Alexandria in AD 365 wrote a letter with the list of 27 books.
  10. 10. UNIT II – Synoptic Gospels and the Acts of the Apostles
  11. 11. Lesson 2 - Gospel • Gospel (Evangelion) – good news • There is only one Gospel. – Gospel about Jesus Christ (The Gospel according to) • St. Mary Magdalene – Apostle to the Apostles • Synoptic Gospels (the first 3) – same perspective – 1 year ministry; sharp statements, parables, miracles • Synoptic Problem – how to deal with the similarities and differences in the 3 gospels
  12. 12. Lesson 3 – St. Mark’s gospel • Earliest written Gospel • St. Mark – Son of Mary in whose house they gathered • St. Peter’s companion and interpreter and St. Mark wrote based on St. Peter’s sermons • Before 70 AD (destruction of Jerusalem); written for non-Jewish Christians in Rome. • Console Christians enduring persecution and importance of suffering in Christian life. Cross
  13. 13. Lesson 3 – St Mark’s Gospel • Son of Man – Suffering servant of God – Judge • Reading on 3rd Sunday of Great Lent – Lame Man (St. Mark 2:1-12)
  14. 14. Lesson 4 – St. Matthew’s Gospel • One of the 12 Apostles • In Syria between 80 and 90 AD for Greek speaking Jewish Christians showing that Jesus Christ came to fulfill the Law. • Church as the new Israel
  15. 15. Lesson 4 – St. Matthew’s Gospel • The New Moses – “You have heard it told to your forefathers, but I tell you.” – Sermon on Mt (5-7) – Missionary Exhortation (10) – Parables about K.O.G (13) – Church discipline (18) – Exhortation on end of Times (24-25) • Church – “on this rock I will build my church” (10:1-4) – Christ is the spiritual center of Church • Reading on Kudos Etho (St. Matt. 16:13- 23)
  16. 16. Lesson 5 – St. Luke’s Gospel • 2 Part book (St. Luke-Acts) • Jesus as savior of the world • Written to Theophilus • Features : – Social vision – alms giving, Lazarus & rich man (St. Luke 16) – Women- Mary, Elizabeth, Hannah, Martha, Mary – Parables • Reading on Sunday of Visitation of Mary to Elizabeth – St. Luke 1:39-56 - Magnificat

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