GM Trees
       Climate Change
                         and its methods




Our Thoughts         Agenda         Stakeholde...
Climate
Change
The Effects
United Nations Framework
Convention on Climate Change
“stabilize greenhouse gas
  concentrations at levels that would
  prevent dangerous anthropogenic
interference with the cl...
The
 Kyoto
Protocol
One Step Further
Participation in the Kyoto Protocol




Signed and Ratified   Signed (and hope to ratify)   Signed but Not Ratified
Going Beyond
CO
 2
80%
420,000
World Carbon Dioxide Emissions
                      10,000




                       7,500
Million Metric Tons




     ...
Oceans are the
                                Forests are the second largest.
world’s largest carbon sinks.
1      = 150-200
                            2
acre               Tons of CO

         (every 40 years)
More
Trees
Please
Genetically
Modified
Trees
The Origins

    Mid-18th century in Europe
Supported by pulp & paper industry
      First trial was in 1988
  Government ...
Conventional
               GM Tree
   Tree
The Process

 Identify and
isolate gene
                     Insert new
                      gene into
                  ...
Vector Technique
Electroporation
Increase permeability of the
cell plasma


Pores are then formed
across a plasma membrane


Exact voltage ...
Regulations in the U.S.


1986 Coordinated Framework for
                                                   APHIS
the Regu...
Regulations in the U.S.




“no significant or unreasonable
        adverse risks”
Regulations outside the U.S.
                       Canadian Food
                      Inspection Agency


              ...
Forest         Biotech
           Industry       Companies




General              The
                                 G...
Rapid        Bio-diversity &
              Growth       Conservation




Reduce Pressure      Promises
                   ...
3x
faster growth
2x
faster maturity
“all of the world’s
 timber production
   could potentially
be produced on an
   area roughly five
   to ten percent of
   ...
American Chestnut Tree,
 almost became extinct
Silviculture        Adaptability        Wood Quality

  Growth Rate       Drought Tolerance     Wood Density


 Nutrient U...
80



 Hg  200.59
10x
compared to natural trees
Biotech Innovations               Cost Savings

    Wood density gene          Improved lumber strength


                ...
36%
increase in demand for wood
Low-lignin
      Gene Escape
                               Trees




                     Concerns
Monetary              ...
Low lignin ain’t that good
        after all...
Show me
the money!
ECONOMY   ENVIRONMENT
ECONOMY

          ENVIRONMENT
Climate Change



is a ticking time bomb
Plant
More
Trees
A
Valid
Prescription
Regulations
Research &
Development
Old Habits + New Technology = Altered Consequences
New Habits + New Technology = Positive Consequences
Projections of Surface Temperature
Changes in Carbon Dioxide and Temperature
Changes in Carbon Dioxide and Temperature
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Global Warming: GM Trees
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Global Warming: GM Trees

1,575 views

Published on

Presentation for Introduction to Gene Cell. (Year 4 Term 1)

Published in: Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,575
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
19
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Global Warming: GM Trees

  1. 1. GM Trees Climate Change and its methods Our Thoughts Agenda Stakeholders Concerns Promises
  2. 2. Climate Change
  3. 3. The Effects
  4. 4. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change
  5. 5. “stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations at levels that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system”
  6. 6. The Kyoto Protocol
  7. 7. One Step Further
  8. 8. Participation in the Kyoto Protocol Signed and Ratified Signed (and hope to ratify) Signed but Not Ratified
  9. 9. Going Beyond
  10. 10. CO 2
  11. 11. 80%
  12. 12. 420,000
  13. 13. World Carbon Dioxide Emissions 10,000 7,500 Million Metric Tons Projected 5,000 2,500 0 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 EE/FSU Developing Countries Indistrialized Countries Total Source: Dept. of Energy, USA
  14. 14. Oceans are the Forests are the second largest. world’s largest carbon sinks.
  15. 15. 1 = 150-200 2 acre Tons of CO (every 40 years)
  16. 16. More Trees
  17. 17. Please
  18. 18. Genetically Modified Trees
  19. 19. The Origins Mid-18th century in Europe Supported by pulp & paper industry First trial was in 1988 Government + Private Industry
  20. 20. Conventional GM Tree Tree
  21. 21. The Process Identify and isolate gene Insert new gene into plant cell Field Testing Conduct tests Link transgene to other DNA Grow multiple generations Grow plant from the cell
  22. 22. Vector Technique
  23. 23. Electroporation Increase permeability of the cell plasma Pores are then formed across a plasma membrane Exact voltage is crucial Inserting foreign genes in tissue cultures
  24. 24. Regulations in the U.S. 1986 Coordinated Framework for APHIS the Regulation of Biotechnology (Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service) 1992 Policy on Planned USDA Introductions of Biotechnology (U.S. Department of Agriculture) Products into the Environment
  25. 25. Regulations in the U.S. “no significant or unreasonable adverse risks”
  26. 26. Regulations outside the U.S. Canadian Food Inspection Agency Canadian Forest Service Permits only if there is zero risk Plant Protection Act Risk Scale to the Assessment environment Seed Act Low High Degree of Regulation
  27. 27. Forest Biotech Industry Companies General The Governments Public Stakeholders Environmental Regulatory Groups & Agencies Activists
  28. 28. Rapid Bio-diversity & Growth Conservation Reduce Pressure Promises Desired Traits on Native Forests of GM Trees Economic & Clean Pollutants Financial and Toxins Benefits
  29. 29. 3x faster growth
  30. 30. 2x faster maturity
  31. 31. “all of the world’s timber production could potentially be produced on an area roughly five to ten percent of the total forest today”
  32. 32. American Chestnut Tree, almost became extinct
  33. 33. Silviculture Adaptability Wood Quality Growth Rate Drought Tolerance Wood Density Nutrient Uptake Cold Tolerance Lignin Reduction Crown/Stem Insect Resistance Lignin Extraction Flowering Control Fungal Resistance Juvenile Fiber Herbicide Branching
  34. 34. 80 Hg 200.59
  35. 35. 10x compared to natural trees
  36. 36. Biotech Innovations Cost Savings Wood density gene Improved lumber strength Reduce herbicide and weeding Herbicide tolerance gene costs by 45% Reduce digester cost by Improve tree fiber $10 per cubic meter. Increase value by $15 per cubic Reduce juvenile wood meter. More usable wood. Reduce pulping costs of Reduce lignin $15 by cubic meter.
  37. 37. 36% increase in demand for wood
  38. 38. Low-lignin Gene Escape Trees Concerns Monetary Pest “Control” of GM Trees Social Sterility
  39. 39. Low lignin ain’t that good after all...
  40. 40. Show me the money!
  41. 41. ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT
  42. 42. ECONOMY ENVIRONMENT
  43. 43. Climate Change is a ticking time bomb
  44. 44. Plant More Trees
  45. 45. A Valid Prescription
  46. 46. Regulations
  47. 47. Research & Development
  48. 48. Old Habits + New Technology = Altered Consequences
  49. 49. New Habits + New Technology = Positive Consequences
  50. 50. Projections of Surface Temperature
  51. 51. Changes in Carbon Dioxide and Temperature
  52. 52. Changes in Carbon Dioxide and Temperature

×