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Samuel I. Schwartz, P.E. October 11, 2007 Decongesting New York
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Daily News Op-Ed Wednesday, September 12, 2007
Vehicles in Motion in Midtown Core  By Time of Day ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Vehicle Miles Traveled vs. Vehicles in Motion 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 13000 14000 15000 y=2.384(10 -8 )x 2 -1.372(10-3)+15.973 VEHICLES IN MOTION SPEED (MPH)
TMT vs. TIM 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 500 1500 2500 3500 4500 5500 6500 7500 8500 9500 10500 TAXIS IN MOTION TAXI MILES TRAVELED
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Shaw’s Criteria
Free Market Transportation
 
Lessons from London and Stockholm ,[object Object],[object Object]
Lessons from London and Stockholm Traffic is responsive to pricing at moderate levels. London charges 8£ or about $16 per day (this is $7 more than NYC charges at its Midtown and Battery tunnels).
Lessons from London and Stockholm ,[object Object],[object Object]
Lessons from London and Stockholm ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],London’s Ken Livingstone was re-elected 16 months after introducing Congestion Pricing.
Lessons from London and Stockholm ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Lessons from London and Stockholm An extensive public education program is needed to gain support and to teach people how to used congestion charging.
Untangling NYC’s Gridlock
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Mayor Bloomberg’s PlaNYC 2030
[object Object],[object Object],CONGESTION PRICING: Why has it failed in NYC?
East River Bridges: Tolled Until 1911 Mayor Gaynor: [tolls] inconvenient and irksome…For my part, I see no more reason for tollgates on the bridges than for toll gates on Fifth Avenue or Broadway.
More Recent History ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Current Dysfunctional Pricing Scheme CBD Current Round-trip Cash Rates $9 $9 $9 $9 $6 $6 $6 $6 $6 $4.50 $4.50 $9 $4.50 $9 FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE!
More Dysfunction 4 Agencies control traffic: PA, TBTA, NYC & NYS DOT’s Central  Park Queensboro FREE! Queens Midtown $9 Williamsburg FREE! Manhattan FREE! Brooklyn FREE! Brooklyn Battery $9 Holland $6 Lincoln $6 West Side Highway FDR Drive Financial District Midtown
New Jersey  “ Trucker’s Special!” Take Manhattan Bridge Save $58 and have fun! Tour Chinatown, Tribeca, and Little Italy via Canal St. ( While supplies last) Even More Dysfunction! The Verrazano Bridge Boondoggle FREE! FREE! $58
Wipe the Slate Clean CBD $9 $9 $9 $9 $6 $6 $6 $6 $6 $4.50 $4.50 $9 $4 $9 FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE!
 
Apply Congestion Pricing..   Where there’s serious congestion and where there are transit options (i.e. choice riders)
Choice Riders
FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! CBD $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
The Plan ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
The Plan Continued ,[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object]
Morning: Prices 6AM – 8AM Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief   Pricing Updated Quarterly Varying Pricing by time of day, day of week, season and real-time conditions
Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief Peak Prices: 8AM – 6PM
Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief Evening Prices: 6PM - Midnight
Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief No Charge Overnight: Midnight – 6AM
Pricing Plan for 2015 Pricing Plan for 2015 by vehicle miles traveled and/or vehicle hours traveled and/or vehicles hours parked.
Congestion Pricing is Here $15 $19 $21 $20 $10 $12 $8 Somehow, we accept  Congestion Pricing  when cars are parked but not when they are moving $38 $51
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Est. CP Reduction Weekday Revenue Peak Period Revenue Affected Drivers = 0.07 x 0.8 x 0.8 = 4.5% Impacts on Parking Industry
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Impacts on Real Estate Industry
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Technologies by 2010
[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],[object Object],Congestion Pricing
 

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Decongesting New York

  • 1. Samuel I. Schwartz, P.E. October 11, 2007 Decongesting New York
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  • 4. Vehicle Miles Traveled vs. Vehicles in Motion 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 10000 11000 12000 13000 14000 15000 y=2.384(10 -8 )x 2 -1.372(10-3)+15.973 VEHICLES IN MOTION SPEED (MPH)
  • 5. TMT vs. TIM 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 500 1500 2500 3500 4500 5500 6500 7500 8500 9500 10500 TAXIS IN MOTION TAXI MILES TRAVELED
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  • 10. Lessons from London and Stockholm Traffic is responsive to pricing at moderate levels. London charges 8£ or about $16 per day (this is $7 more than NYC charges at its Midtown and Battery tunnels).
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  • 14. Lessons from London and Stockholm An extensive public education program is needed to gain support and to teach people how to used congestion charging.
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  • 18. East River Bridges: Tolled Until 1911 Mayor Gaynor: [tolls] inconvenient and irksome…For my part, I see no more reason for tollgates on the bridges than for toll gates on Fifth Avenue or Broadway.
  • 19.
  • 20. Current Dysfunctional Pricing Scheme CBD Current Round-trip Cash Rates $9 $9 $9 $9 $6 $6 $6 $6 $6 $4.50 $4.50 $9 $4.50 $9 FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE!
  • 21. More Dysfunction 4 Agencies control traffic: PA, TBTA, NYC & NYS DOT’s Central Park Queensboro FREE! Queens Midtown $9 Williamsburg FREE! Manhattan FREE! Brooklyn FREE! Brooklyn Battery $9 Holland $6 Lincoln $6 West Side Highway FDR Drive Financial District Midtown
  • 22. New Jersey “ Trucker’s Special!” Take Manhattan Bridge Save $58 and have fun! Tour Chinatown, Tribeca, and Little Italy via Canal St. ( While supplies last) Even More Dysfunction! The Verrazano Bridge Boondoggle FREE! FREE! $58
  • 23. Wipe the Slate Clean CBD $9 $9 $9 $9 $6 $6 $6 $6 $6 $4.50 $4.50 $9 $4 $9 FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE!
  • 24.  
  • 25. Apply Congestion Pricing.. Where there’s serious congestion and where there are transit options (i.e. choice riders)
  • 27. FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! FREE! CBD $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $ $
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  • 30. Morning: Prices 6AM – 8AM Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief Pricing Updated Quarterly Varying Pricing by time of day, day of week, season and real-time conditions
  • 31. Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief Peak Prices: 8AM – 6PM
  • 32. Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief Evening Prices: 6PM - Midnight
  • 33. Free Market Approach to achieve Congestion Relief No Charge Overnight: Midnight – 6AM
  • 34. Pricing Plan for 2015 Pricing Plan for 2015 by vehicle miles traveled and/or vehicle hours traveled and/or vehicles hours parked.
  • 35. Congestion Pricing is Here $15 $19 $21 $20 $10 $12 $8 Somehow, we accept Congestion Pricing when cars are parked but not when they are moving $38 $51
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